|Elevation||2,106 ft (642 m)|
|Location||Shenandoah / Warren counties, Virginia, U.S.|
|Parent range||Ridge and Valley Appalachians|
|Topo map||USGS Strasburg Quad|
Signal Knob is the northern peak of Massanutten Mountain in the Ridge and Valley Appalachians with an elevation of 2,106 feet (642 m). It is located in George Washington National Forest in Shenandoah County and Warren County in Virginia.
Signal Knob was used by Signal Corps in the American Civil War by both the Union and Confederate armies. The Confederates occupied it from 1862 to 1864. From Signal Knob, the Confederate Signal Corps could monitor Union troop movements and observe battles from Winchester to Fisher's Hill and beyond. They could also communicate using flags, lanterns, and telescopes to other stations at Ashby Gap, Burnt Springs, Harmony Hollow, and New Market Gap.
On August 14, 1864, a group of Union troops temporarily won control of the peak by defeating a detachment of the 61st Georgia Volunteer Infantry but could not dislodge the Confederates and were forced to retreat back down the mountain. In October, 1864, Confederate Major General John Brown Gordon surveyed the Union position at Cedar Creek from Signal Knob and devised a plan for a surprise attack. Upon Gordon's return to Strasburg, Lieutenant General Jubal Early approved his plan. The Confederates successfully carried out the attack the morning of October 19, 1864 at the Battle of Cedar Creek, only to be defeated later that day by a Union counter attack. Remains of Civil War era fortifications can still be seen around the area.
In 2014 and 2019 on the 150th and 155th anniversaries of the Battle of Cedar Creek, rangers from the Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park visited Signal Knob and shared with hikers the history of the mountain as well as descriptions of the Civil War reenactments happening in the valley below.
The Massanutten Trail, maintained by the Potomac Appalachian Trail Club, leads hikers and mountain bikers up to Signal Knob. There are many loop options of varying lengths which may be combined with the Tuscarora Trail. An unimproved service road that is normally closed to vehicular traffic but available for hiking also leads up to the radio tower now located a short distance from the historic overlook. Trails in the Signal Knob area are known to be less crowded than Shenandoah National Park, to the east.
Notes and references
- "SummitPost - Signal Knob". Summit Post. December 31, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- Wayland, John Walter (1980). A History of Shenandoah County, Virginia. Genealogical Publishing Com. pp. 187–189. ISBN 0-8063-8011-X.
- "Signal Knob". National Park Service. Retrieved 2019-10-20.
- Coughlin, Bill. "Signal Knob Marker". HMDB.org - The Historical Marker Database. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
- "The Massanutten Mountain Trail, Virginia". Featured National Recreation Trails. The National Recreation Trails Program. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
During the Civil War, the Confederate and Union soldiers were ever present. The Shenandoah Valley was known as the bread-basket of the Confederacy and was the site of many battles. In October of 1864, Union forces burned most of the farm structures and stored grain facilities in Fort Valley as they marched through the area. Signal Knob, an overlook on the Massanutten Trail located at the far north end of the Massanutten was used as a lookout and signal station by both Union and Confederate troops. Breast works used by both sides in defense of Signal Knob can still be seen.
- "Hike Through History… Signal Knob Interpretive Hike". National Park Service. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
- "The Tower on Signal Knob". Blogger. Retrieved October 20, 2019.