Riverside Plaza (Chicago)

Coordinates: 41°52′57″N 87°38′21″W / 41.882548°N 87.639220°W / 41.882548; -87.639220

Riverside Plaza
2023 photograph
Riverside Plaza (Chicago) is located in Chicago metropolitan area
Riverside Plaza (Chicago)
Location within Chicago metropolitan area
General information
Location2 N. Riverside Plaza, Chicago, Illinois, United States
Coordinates41°52′57″N 87°38′21″W / 41.882548°N 87.639220°W / 41.882548; -87.639220
Completed1929
Height
Roof302 feet (92 m)
Technical details
Floor count26
Design and construction
Architect(s)Holabird & Roche/Holabird & Root
DeveloperChicago Daily News
References
[1]
Postcard circa 1930–1945

The Riverside Plaza is considered one of Chicago's finest Art Deco buildings. It was originally known as the Chicago Daily News Building. At the time of its completion in 1929, the Daily News was one of the dominant newspapers in Chicago. The first building in the United States to develop the "air-rights" over railroad tracks,[2] the 26-story building helped revitalize the south central Chicago River from industrial transport to urban office corridor and made innovations in engineering and urban design.

In the 1920s, the buildings along the river were industrial in nature and butted up against a waterway that was polluted and considered undesirable. This building was the first to develop the Chicago riverfront aesthetically as well as commercially. It was the first American skyscraper with an open-air plaza as part of its design.[3]

In 1925, Walter A. Strong acquired the Chicago Daily News from the estate of Victor F. Lawson.  Once he became publisher, Strong took immediate steps to build a modern newspaper facility.  Lawson had owned a parcel along the river, which is now the site of the Chicago Opera House. Strong thought it too small and instead acquired the air rights over railroad tracks that ran along west side of the river opposite the original site.  A year and one-half of meetings were required to reach an agreement between all parties.[4] Once that was settled, Strong sold Lawson’s parcel to the utility magnate Samuel Insull, with the understanding that he construct a building that would include a new home for the Opera.

Strong commissioned Holabird & Root to design a modern structure that would house 2,000 Daily News employees and provide studio space for his radio station, WMAQ. The building’s bold design and Art Deco façade were widely regarded as shot fired at the Chicago Tribune, which operated out of the Tribune Tower, a large Neo Gothic building on North Michigan Avenue completed in 1925. Inside, the building featured a much-admired mural by John W. Norton. It was dominated by diagonal lines, and divided into three sections: Gathering the News, Printing the News, & Transporting the News.[5] In the fall of 1993, it was removed and put into storage, where it has remained.[6] Outside, it had bas-reliefs depicting Benjamin Franklin, Charles Anderson Dana, Horace Greeley, Joseph Pulitzer, Samuel Bowles III, James Gordon Bennett and Joseph Medill[3] and a fountain honoring Victor Lawson. The Chicago Daily News Building was completed in June 1929 at a cost of $8 million.[7] During the dedication ceremony, President Herbert Hoover pressed a button that started the presses. The Daily News ceased publication in 1978. Although the building has since been renamed Riverside Plaza, according to the Tribune’s architecture critic, the Daily News Building remains, “one of Chicago's finest examples of Art Deco architecture and a path-breaking work of engineering and urban design.”[8]

A ramped concourse through the south side of this building now serves as the main entryway to the Ogilvie Transportation Center in Citigroup Center. This concourse was originally the main lobby, with an even floor in place of the ramp up to the bridge at Canal Street.[6][9]

The names of Joseph Medill and Benjamin Franklin on the side of Riverside Plaza

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Riverside Plaza". Emporis. Archived from the original on March 7, 2016.
  2. ^ Follett, Jean A. (July 16, 2018). "Union Station". SAH ARCHIPEDIA. Society of Architectural Historians. Retrieved December 11, 2023.
  3. ^ a b John, Morris (April 28, 2015). "Art Deco Treasure Chest: Daily News Building". chicagopatterns.com. Retrieved July 11, 2018.
  4. ^ Strong, Walter A. (1929). "Air rights and the Chicago Daily News". Chicago: National Association of Building Owners and Managers.
  5. ^ A Guide to Chicago's Murals Mary Lackritz Gray University of Chicago Press, April 1, 2001
  6. ^ a b "Riverside Plaza". Emporis. 2012. Archived from the original on July 1, 2004. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
  7. ^ "Chicago Daily News Building II". Chicagology.
  8. ^ Kamin, Blair (October 19, 2000). "A Hard Zell". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
  9. ^ Kamin, Blair (October 14, 2009). "Recssion was good news for 2 North Riverside Plaza". Chicago Tribune.

External links[edit]

Media related to 2 North Riverside Plaza at Wikimedia Commons