Sunderland Association Football Club
(, ) is an English professional football
club based in the city of Sunderland
, Tyne and Wear
. In the 2022-23 season, Sunderland will play
in the Championship
, the second tier of English football, following their promotion in 2021-22. Since its formation in 1879, the club has won six top-flight (First Division
, now the Premier League
) titles (1892, 1893, 1895, 1902, 1913, and 1936), and has finished runners-up five times. The club has also won the FA Cup
twice (1937 and 1973) and been runners-up twice (1913 and 1992), as well as winning the FA Charity Shield
in 1936 and being finalists the following year. Sunderland have also been Football League Cup
finalists in 1985 and 2014.
Between 1891 and 1939, "The Black Cats", as they are known - in addition to their six league titles - finished in the bottom half of the league only ten times, and finished in the top seven 28 times. Since World War II
, their league performances have been considerably poorer, only finishing in the top half nine times, (1947, 1949, 1950, 1953, 1955, 1956, 2000, 2001 and 2011), and only reaching the top seven four times (1950, 1955, 2000 and 2001). Furthermore, they have been relegated eleven times, and just over half of this period has been spent in the top flight (41 out of 76 seasons); of the 35 seasons in which they were outside the top flight, five have been spent in the third tier. (Full article...