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Jineteada gaucha or doma gaucha is a traditional sport in the gaucho culture of Argentina and the Cono Sur: 255 – Paraguay, Uruguay, and southern parts of Brazil and Chile. The objective is for the rider to stay on an untamed horse for a number of seconds.: 255 The specified time varies from 8 to 14 seconds, depending on the category.
The event forms part of the programme of the annual Festival Nacional de Doma y Folklore held at Jesús María in the province of Córdoba. Under the rules of the competition there, there are three categories:
- A. Crina Limpia or bareback: the rider holds on to a leather strap passed round the neck of the horse; spurs are used, and the mounting time is 8 seconds
- B. Sureña or Surera: the horse carries a girthed pad of sheepskin in the place of a saddle; the rider holds the reins in one hand, a whip in the other; mounting time is 12 seconds.
- C. Bastos con Encimera: the horse is saddled; the rider must not lose the stirrups; mounting time is 14 seconds.
The rider may not touch the horse with his/her hands at any time.
- Mercedes Mariano, María Luz Endere, Carolina I. Mariano (2014). Herramientas metodológicas para la gestión del patrimonio intangible. El caso del municipio de Olavarría, Buenos Aires, Argentina = Methodological Tools for the Management of Intangible Heritage. The Case of the Municipality of Olavarría, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Revista Colombiana de Antropología 50 (2): 243–269.
- [s.n.] (2015). La Jineteada (in Spanish). Córdoba, Argentina: Festival Nacional de Doma y Folklore. Archived 8 March 2016.
- Festival Nacional de Doma y Folklore de Jesús María (Spanish)
- Jineteada gaucha Argentina (Spanish)