Cross Mountain (Tennessee)

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Cross Mountain
Cross Mountain TN.jpg
Cross Mountain from Devil's Racetrack rock formation to the north. Interstate 75 is in the foreground.
Highest point
Elevation3,534 ft (1,077 m)[1]
Prominence2,094 ft (638 m)[1]
Coordinates36°11′54″N 84°13′50″W / 36.19833°N 84.23056°W / 36.19833; -84.23056Coordinates: 36°11′54″N 84°13′50″W / 36.19833°N 84.23056°W / 36.19833; -84.23056[1]
Geography
Cross Mountain is located in Tennessee
Cross Mountain
Cross Mountain
Location in Tennessee, United States
LocationAnderson and Campbell Counties, Tennessee, United States
Parent rangeCumberland Mountains

Cross Mountain is a mountain in the Cumberland Mountains in the U.S. state of Tennessee. At an elevation of 3,534 feet (1,077 m), it is the highest mountain in Tennessee that is not part of the Blue Ridge Mountains.[1] It contains rich deposits of coal, and in 1911 was the site of one of the deadliest mining disasters in state history.[2]

Geography and geology[edit]

Cross Mountain is located in the southern Cumberland Mountains, part of the larger Appalachian Plateau province of the Appalachian Mountains.[1] It consists of a series of ridges, running roughly northeast-southwest. Its summit, known as The Flag Pole, reaches an elevation of 3,534 feet (1,077 m), is located on the border between Anderson and Campbell Counties, and contains multiple transmission antennas. Coal Creek, a tributary of the Clinch River, flows along the southeastern base of the Mountain. Slatestone Creek, flows westward down the slopes of Cross Mountain into Coal Creek. The communities of Briceville, Fraterville, and Rocky Top (formerly Lake City) are located nearby. Cross Mountain is accessible via the Cumberland Trail.[3]

History[edit]

Prior to the settlement of Europeans, the land that contains Cross Mountain was occupied by the Cherokee.[4] Longhunters from Virginia explored the area in the 1750s and 1760s, and permanent settlement of the area began in the late 18th century.[5] A railroad spur was extended into the Slatestone Hollow near Briceville in 1888, and major mining activities began that same year. On December 9, 1911, an explosion killed 84 of the 89 miners in the Cross Mountain Mine. The explosion was believed to have been caused by the combustion of dust and methane gas that had been scattered by a cave-in near one of the entrances to the mine. The Fraterville Mine disaster, the deadliest mining disaster in the state's history, also occurred near Cross Mountain in 1902.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Cross Mountain, Tennessee". Peakbagger. November 1, 2004. Retrieved July 2, 2021.
  2. ^ Speaks, Dewaine A. (August 5, 2019). Historic Disasters of East Tennessee. Mount Pleasant, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. pp. 128–139. ISBN 9781467141895 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ "Anderson and Cross Mountains Section". cumberlandtrail.org. Cumberland Trails Conference. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  4. ^ Satz, Ronald (1979). Tennessee's Indian Peoples. Knoxville, Tennessee: University of Tennessee Press. pp. 34–35. ISBN 978-0-87049-285-3. Retrieved 2021-07-02 – via Internet Archive.
  5. ^ Finger, John R. (2001). Tennessee Frontiers: Three Regions in Transition. Indiana University Press. pp. 40–42. ISBN 978-0-253-33985-0. Retrieved 2021-07-02 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ Speaks (2019), pp. 24–42