Combination classification in the Tour de France

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Combination jersey
CombinadaLemond.jpg
The 1985 combination jersey, worn by Greg LeMond
SportRoad bicycle racing
CompetitionTour de France
Awarded forBest combination leader
Local nameMaillot du combiné  (French)
History
First award1968
Editions15
Final award1989
First winner Franco Bitossi (ITA)
Most wins Eddy Merckx (BEL)
5 times
Most recent Steven Rooks (NED)

The combination jersey (also known as the multi-coloured jersey or technicolour jersey) was the jersey in the Tour de France worn by the leader of the combination classification.

History[edit]

In 1968 the combination classification was introduced in the Tour de France. From 1969 on, the leader was recognized by a white jersey. The jersey was awarded to the cyclists that did best in all other classifications: General, Points and Mountains. It was seen as the classification for the all-round cyclist. Only cyclists ranking in each of the three other classifications were ranked in the Combination classification. Ranking was established by adding the cyclists' ranks in the three other classifications: 1 point for rank 1, 2 points for rank 2 and so on. Cyclists being at level on ranks for one of the other classifications were added the average of the corresponding points (e.g. 2 cyclists being level at rank 3 where counting (3+4)/2 = 3.5 points). Finally, the lower the sum the better the combination classification ranking.

From 1975 on, the combination classification temporarily disappeared, and the white jersey was given to the leader of the young rider classification.

In 1980, the combination classification was reintroduced, sponsored by French television station TF1, therefore officially named "Grand Prix TF1". This lasted until 1984, when the combination classification disappeared again. In 1985, the combination classification was again reintroduced, and this time the multicoloured jersey was used. After the 1989 Tour, the combination classification was discontinued, as the new director Jean-Marie Leblanc wanted to modernise the Tour. Since then, the Tour has awarded only the yellow, white, green and polka dot jerseys.[1][2]

Combination classification results[edit]

Combination classification podiums by year
Year First place Second place Third place Ref
Rider Points Rider Points Rider Points
1968  Franco Bitossi (ITA) 11  Jan Janssen (NED) 18.5  Roger Pingeon (FRA) 20 [3]
1969  Eddy Merckx (BEL) 3  Roger Pingeon (FRA) 8  Felice Gimondi (ITA) 15 [4]
1970  Eddy Merckx (BEL) 4  Martin Van Den Bossche (BEL) 21.5  Marinus Wagtmans (NED) 23 [5]
1971  Eddy Merckx (BEL) 5  Joop Zoetemelk (NED) 9  Lucien Van Impe (BEL) 13 [6]
1972  Eddy Merckx (BEL) 4  Raymond Poulidor (FRA) 13  Joop Zoetemelk (NED) 13 [7]
1973  Joop Zoetemelk (NED) 20  Lucien Van Impe (BEL) 26  Bernard Thévenet (FRA) 33 [8]
1974  Eddy Merckx (BEL) 8  Michel Pollentier (BEL) 31  Raymond Poulidor (FRA) 36 [9]
Competition not contested between 1975 and 1979
1980  Ludo Peeters (BEL) 317  Raymond Martin (FRA) 263  Joop Zoetemelk (NED) 218 [1]
1981  Bernard Hinault (FRA) 6  Lucien Van Impe (BEL) 20  Jean-René Bernaudeau (FRA) 21 [1]
1982  Bernard Hinault (FRA) 11  Sean Kelly  (IRE) 5  Bernard Vallet (FRA) 5 [1]
1983  Laurent Fignon (FRA) 8  Lucien Van Impe (BEL) 7  Sean Kelly  (IRE) 5 [1]
1984  Laurent Fignon (FRA) No standings available [1]
1985  Greg LeMond (USA) 91  Sean Kelly (IRL) 85  Bernard Hinault (FRA) 76 [10]
1986  Greg LeMond (USA) 87  Bernard Hinault (FRA) 87  Claude Criquielion (BEL) 68 [11]
1987  Jean-François Bernard (FRA) 72  Laurent Fignon (FRA) 70  Stephen Roche (IRL) 69 [12]
1988  Steven Rooks (NED) 84  Gert-Jan Theunisse (NED) 70  Pedro Delgado (ESP) 63 [13]
1989  Steven Rooks (NED) 89  Laurent Fignon (FRA) 84  Sean Kelly (IRL) 82 [14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f van den Akker, Pieter. "Combinatieklassement" [Combination classification]. TourDeFranceStatistieken.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  2. ^ van der Mark, Eddy. "Other classifications and awards". Tour Xtra. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 3 March 2019 – via Chippewa Valley Cycling Club.
  3. ^ "Clasificaciones" [Classifications] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo S.A. 22 July 1968. p. 21. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 May 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2010.
  4. ^ "Otras clasificaciones" [Other classifications] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo S.A. 21 July 1969. p. 22. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 May 2015. Retrieved 28 April 2012.
  5. ^ McGann, Bill; McGann, Carol. "1970 Tour de France". Bike Race Info. Dog Ear Publishing. Archived from the original on 9 May 2015. Retrieved 25 February 2011.
  6. ^ "Clasificaciones oficiales" [Official classifications] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo S.A. 19 July 1971. p. 19. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 May 2015. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
  7. ^ "Clasificaciones oficiales" [Official classifications] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo S.A. 24 July 1972. p. 17. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 May 2015. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
  8. ^ "Clasificaciones oficiales" [Official classifications] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo S.A. 23 July 1973. p. 19. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 May 2015. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
  9. ^ "Clasificaciones oficiales" [Official classifications] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo S.A. 22 July 1974. p. 19. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 May 2015. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
  10. ^ "Clasificaciones oficiales" [Official classifications] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo S.A. 22 July 1985. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 May 2015. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
  11. ^ "Clasificaciones oficiales" [Official classifications] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo S.A. 28 July 1986. p. 31. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 May 2015. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  12. ^ "Clasificaciones oficiales" [Official classifications] (PDF). El Mundo Deportivo (in Spanish). El Mundo Deportivo S.A. 27 July 1987. p. 38. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 May 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2012.
  13. ^ "Uitslagen en eindklassementen Tour de France" [Results and final classifications of the Tour de France]. Het Parool (in Dutch). 25 July 1988. p. 12 – via Delpher.
  14. ^ "Uitslagen" [Results]. Het Parool (in Dutch). 24 July 1989. p. 14 – via Delpher.

External links[edit]

Media related to Combination classification in the Tour de France at Wikimedia Commons