Carriage driving is a form of competitive horse driving in harness in which larger two or four wheeled carriages (sometimes restored antiques) are pulled by a single horse, a pair, tandem or a four-in-hand team. Prince Philip helped to expand the sport. He started to compete in carriage driving in 1971, and the early rule book was drafted under his supervision.
In competitions, the driver and horse(s) have to complete three tests: Dressage, Marathon, and Obstacle Driving. The International Federation for Equestrian Sports (FEI) oversees International Shows. The FEI Driving rules are followed in these competitions, which aim to protect the welfare of the horse and also ensure fairness in competitions.
Pleasure competitions also have classes which are judged on the turnout, neatness or suitability of the horse(s) and carriage.
- Coachman – The person who drives a horse-drawn vehicle designed to carry passengers
- Combined driving – A sport involving horses pulling carriages
- Harness racing – A form of horse racing that uses a two-wheeled cart
- Pleasure driving – A horse show class involving horses pulling carts
- Heald, Tim (1991). The Duke: a portrait of Prince Philip. London: Hodder & Stoughton. pp. 212–214. ISBN 0-340-54607-7. OCLC 24130467.
- Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (1994). Competition carriage driving. London: J.A. Allen. ISBN 0-85131-594-1. OCLC 32926843.
- "Carriage Driving". Horse Sport Ireland. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
- "Driving Rules and Para-Equestrian Driving Rules" (PDF). Fédération Equestre Internationale. 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-12-01.