Arabid race

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"Arabid race" was a historical term used by ethnologists during the late 19th century and early 20th century in an attempt to categorize a historically perceived racial division between peoples of Semitic ethnicities and peoples of other ethnicities. The term "Arabid race" was used in the late nineteenth, and early twentieth centuries. Its proponents saw it as part of the so called Caucasian race or even of a subspecies labelled Homo sapiens europaeus.[1] It has been considered significantly outdated in the years since.[2] Modern scientific consensus based on genetics rejects the concept of distinct human races in a biological sense.[3]

In the early 20th century, Charles Gabriel Seligman described his perception of the occurrence of the "Arabid race" in the Sudan region:

In the Sudan area, classic Arabid types can be found among the Kababish and certain other Arabic-speaking desert tribes collectively known as Sudanese Arabs. Here, they often occur in solution with the local Hamitic Mediterranean type, which was the morphological taxon to which belonged the A-Group, C-Group and Meroitic culture makers, among certain other early populations in the region. Elsewhere, Arabid elements fuse with the Negroid type of the region's indigenous Nilo-Saharan speakers, the Nilotes, thereby producing an Afro-Arab hybrid type.[4]

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  1. ^ Birx, H. James (10 June 2010). "Biological Anthropology". 21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook. SAGE Publications. p. 14. ISBN 978-1-4522-6630-5. Retrieved 7 April 2022.
  2. ^ John R. Baker (1974). Race. New York and London: Oxford University Press. p. 625. ISBN 978-0-936396-04-0.
  3. ^ American Association of Physical Anthropologists (27 March 2019). "AAPA Statement on Race and Racism". American Association of Physical Anthropologists. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  4. ^ Seligmann, C. G. (July 1913). "Some Aspects of the Hamitic Problem in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan". The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. 43: 593–705. doi:10.2307/2843546. JSTOR 2843546.