Andalusian patio

Typical patio of Sevillan houses.
Patio de los Leones (Courtyard of the Lions), The Alhambra of Granada.
Patio of Córdoba.

Andalusian patios are central open spaces in the courtyard houses of the south of Spain. The stone patios are an architectural evolution of the Roman atrium.[1][better source needed]


It has long been customary to decorate houses and palaces with large open spaces and gardens dominated by fragrant flowers, fountains, canals, wells, ponds,[2] frescoes with mythological scenes, and marble medallions (on walls), forming ornate but harmonious shapes with the intention to represent the Garden of the Paradise as imagined by the Classical and Muslim architects.

There are countless examples throughout the region of Andalusia, notably in the historical quarter of Córdoba where "Fiesta of the patios" is celebrated. These patio houses are communal, family or multifamily dwellings or sets of individual houses with the shared patio. As a characteristic cultural space boasts an abundant array of plants, and during the fiesta inhabitants can share food and wine, and freely welcome all visitors to admire their beauty and the skill involved in their creation. The patios also host traditional singing, flamenco guitar playing and dancing.[3]


As trends evolved, the addition of windows, fences (in wrought iron or wood), balconies and other viewpoints into the garden from inside the house became commonplace. Some of these were designed to give a view of the patio while obscuring the viewer from outside observers.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Obras públicas y urbanismo - Roma - Cultura Clásica 3º".
  2. ^ Cameron, Steffani. "Outdoor Living: The Joys of the Andalusian Patio". BuildDirect. Archived from the original on 7 February 2016. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
  3. ^ "Fiesta of the patios in Cordova". Intangible cultural heritage. Archived from the original on 2017-05-10. Retrieved 16 May 2021.