Events from the year 1862 in art.
- May 1–November 1 – 1862 International Exhibition held at South Kensington in London. Notable artistic displays include a large picture gallery; work shown by William Morris's decorative arts firm of Morris, Marshall, Faulkner & Company; and an exhibit from Japan influential in the development of Anglo-Japanese style. Morris designs his first wallpaper, Trellis.
- Claude Monet becomes a student of Charles Gleyre in Paris, where he meets Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Frédéric Bazille and Alfred Sisley, sharing new approaches to painting en plein air.
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- Paul-Jacques-Aimé Baudry – The Pearl and the Wave
- Albert Bierstadt
- Herman Wilhelm Bissen – Isted Lion (bronze)
- George Price Boyce – At Binsey, near Oxford
- William Burges - Great Bookcase
- Gustave Courbet – Femme nue couchée
- Thomas Crawford (posthumous) – Statue of Freedom (bronze for dome of United States Capitol)
- Eugène Delacroix – Ovid among the Scythians (second version)
- Augustus Egg – The Travelling Companions
- Anselm Feuerbach – Iphigenia (first version)
- William Powell Frith – The Railway Station
- Walter Greaves – Hammersmith Bridge on Boat-Race Day
- Arthur Hughes – Home from Sea (reworking of The Mother's Grave)
- Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres – The Turkish Bath (original form)
- Eastman Johnson – A Ride for Liberty – The Fugitive Slaves
- Edward Lear – Philæ and Beachy Head (pair of paintings)
- Édouard Manet
- Robert Braithwaite Martineau – The Last Day in the Old Home
- Jan Matejko – Stańczyk
- Jean-Louis-Ernest Meissonier – Napoleon I in 1814
- Jean-François Millet – L'homme à la houe ("The Man With the Hoe")
- William Morris – Tristram and Isoude stained glass panels
- Moritz Daniel Oppenheim – The Kidnapping of Edgardo Mortara
- Moritz von Schwind – The Honeymoon
- James Tissot – The Return of the Prodigal Son
- G. F. Watts – approximate date
- Lady Margaret Beaumont and her Daughter
- Edith Villiers
- James McNeill Whistler
- March 17 – Charles Laval, French painter (died 1894)
- March 24 – Frank Weston Benson, American Impressionist painter (died 1951)
- April 26 – Edmund C. Tarbell, American Impressionist painter (died 1938)
- June 14 – Herbert Dicksee, English painter (died 1942)
- July 10 – Helene Schjerfbeck, Finnish painter (died 1946)
- July 14 – Gustav Klimt, Austrian Symbolist painter (died 1918)
- July 29 – Robert Reid, American Impressionist painter (died 1928)
- August 15 – Adam Emory Albright, American painter of figures in landscapes (died 1957)
- September 12 – Carl Eytel, German American artist (died 1925)
- October 26 – Hilma af Klint, Swedish abstract painter and mystic (died 1944)
- November 25 – Katharine Adams, English bookbinder (died 1952)
- December 3 – Charles Grafly, American sculptor (died 1929)
- January 3 – Matthew Cotes Wyatt, English painter and sculptor (born 1777)
- February 11 – Elizabeth Siddal, English Pre-Raphaelite artists' model, painter and poet, wife of Dante Gabriel Rossetti, overdose of laudanum (born 1829)
- February 15 – Heinrich Adam, German painter (born 1787)
- March 18 – Charles Bird King, American portrait artist who notably painted Native American delegates visiting Washington, D.C. (born 1785)
- March 19 – Friedrich Wilhelm Schadow, German Romantic painter (born 1789)
- May – Alexandre-François Caminade, French religious and portrait painter (born 1783)
- May 14 – Karl Joseph Brodtmann, Swiss artist, lithographer, printmaker, publisher and bookseller (born 1787)
- July 7 – Friedrich Gauermann, Austrian painter (born 1807)
- July 17 – Étienne Bouhot, French painter and art teacher (born 1780)
- August 7 – William Turner of Oxford, English topographical watercolourist (born 1789)
- August 10 – Erin Corr, Irish engraver (born 1793)
- August 28 – Albrecht Adam, German painter of battles and horses (born 1786)
- September 20 – Peter Andreas Brandt, Norwegian painter and illustrator (born 1792)
- October 29 – John Cox Dillman Engleheart, English miniaturist (born 1784)
- Undated – Jean-Pierre Montagny, French medallist and coiner (born 1789)
- Halen, Widar (1990). Christopher Dresser. Phaidon. p. 34. ISBN 0-7148-2952-8.
- Building News and Architectural Review. The Proprietors. 1862. p. 100.
- The United States Congress & Capitol: A Walking Tour Handbook. U.S. Senate. 2002. p. 56.
- Faith Andrews Bedford; Frank Weston Benson (1 January 1994). Frank W. Benson: American Impressionist. Random House Incorporated. pp. 16–21. ISBN 978-0-8478-1609-5.
- Allan S. Janik; Hans Veigl (6 October 1998). Wittgenstein in Vienna: A biographical excursion through the city and its history. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 149. ISBN 978-3-211-83077-2.
- Jan Marsh; Elizabeth Siddall (1991). Elizabeth Siddal, 1829-1862: Pre-Raphaelite Artist. Ruskin Gallery. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-86321-135-5.