This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2007) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Ye (Е е; italics: Е е) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. In some languages this letter is called E.
It commonly represents the vowel [e] or [ɛ], like the pronunciation of ⟨e⟩ in "yes".
It was derived from the Greek letter epsilon (Ε ε).
Russian and Belarusian
- At the beginning of a word or after a vowel, Ye represents the phonemic combination /je/ (phonetically [je] or [jɛ]), like the pronunciation of ⟨ye⟩ in "yes". Ukrainian uses the letter ⟨є⟩ (see Ukrainian Ye) in this way.
- Following a consonant, Ye indicates that the consonant is palatalized, and represents the vowel /e/ (phonetically [e] or [ɛ]), like the pronunciation of ⟨e⟩ in "yes".
In Russian, the letter ⟨е⟩ can follow unpalatalized consonants, especially ⟨ж⟩, ⟨ш⟩, and ⟨ц⟩. In some loanwords, other consonants before ⟨е⟩ (especially ⟨т⟩, ⟨д⟩, ⟨н⟩, ⟨с⟩, ⟨з⟩, and ⟨р⟩) are also not palatalized, see E (Cyrillic). The letter ⟨е⟩ also represents /jo/ (as in "yogurt") and /o/ after palatalized consonants, ⟨ж⟩, and ⟨ш⟩. In these cases, ⟨ё⟩ may be used, see Yo (Cyrillic). In unstressed syllables, ⟨e⟩ represents reduced vowels like [ɪ], see Russian phonology and Vowel reduction in Russian.
Bulgarian, Macedonian, Serbian, Montenegrin, Ukrainian and Rusyn
This letter is called E, and represents the vowel phoneme /e/ (phonetically [e] or [ɛ]), like the pronunciation of ⟨e⟩ in the word "set".
The letter represents the sound /jo/ at the beginning of words (yo represents /jɔ/), and also represents /jɛ/ in the middle or end of words and /ɛ/ in Russian loanwords and transcriptions of foreign names.
In Turkic languages utilizing the Cyrillic script, such as Kazakh, Kyrgyz and Uzbek, Ye is used to represent the phoneme e~ɛ, both word-finally and medially. Isolated or word-initially, this letter is substituted with the letter Э. If it occurs word-initially, isolated, or vowel-succeeding, it represents the phoneme /je/~/jɛ/.
Related letters and other similar characters
- Ε ε : Greek letter epsilon
- E e : Latin letter E
- Ɛ ɛ : Latin letter epsilon
- Ё ё : Cyrillic letter yo
- Є є : Cyrillic letter Ukrainian ye
- Ԑ ԑ : Cyrillic letter reversed ze
- Э э : Cyrillic letter e
|Unicode name||CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IE||CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IE|
|UTF-8||208 149||D0 95||208 181||D0 B5|
|Numeric character reference||Е||Е||е||е|
|KOI8-R and KOI8-U||229||E5||197||C5|
|Code page 855||169||A9||168||A8|
- "Ye" is sometimes also transliterated as ⟨ie⟩ or ⟨ye⟩.