Windows-1254

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Windows-1254
Language(s)Turkish
Created byMicrosoft
StandardWHATWG Encoding Standard
ExtendsISO 8859-9 (without single-byte C1 controls)

Windows-1254 is a code page used under Microsoft Windows to write Turkish. Characters with codepoints A0 through FF are compatible with ISO 8859-9, but the CR range, which is reserved for C1 control codes in ISO 8859, is instead used for additional characters (analogous to the relationship between ISO-8859-1 and Windows-1252).

The WHATWG Encoding Standard, which specifies the character encodings which are permitted in HTML5 and which compliant browsers must support,[1] includes Windows-1254, which is used for both the Windows-1254 and ISO-8859-9 labels.[2][3] Unicode is preferred for modern applications; authors of new pages and the designers of new protocols are instructed to use UTF-8 instead.[2] As of 2020, 0.1% of all web pages use Windows-1254, and 0.1% use ISO-8859-9,[4][5] which the WHATWG requires the browser to handle as Windows-1254.[2] However, 2.3% of all websites located in Turkey use Windows-1254, and 3.1% of them use ISO-8859-9.[6]

IBM uses code page 1254 (CCSID 1254 and euro sign extended CCSID 5350) for Windows-1254.[7][8][9]

Character set[edit]

The following table shows Windows-1254. Each character is shown with its Unicode equivalent.

Windows-1254[10][11][12][13][14][15]
_0 _1 _2 _3 _4 _5 _6 _7 _8 _9 _A _B _C _D _E _F
0_
0
NUL
0000
SOH
0001
STX
0002
ETX
0003
EOT
0004
ENQ
0005
ACK
0006
BEL
0007
BS
0008
HT
0009
LF
000A
VT
000B
FF
000C
CR
000D
SO
000E
SI
000F
1_
16
DLE
0010
DC1
0011
DC2
0012
DC3
0013
DC4
0014
NAK
0015
SYN
0016
ETB
0017
CAN
0018
EM
0019
SUB
001A
ESC
001B
FS
001C
GS
001D
RS
001E
US
001F
2_
32
SP
0020
!
0021
"
0022
#
0023
$
0024
%
0025
&
0026
'
0027
(
0028
)
0029
*
002A
+
002B
,
002C
-
002D
.
002E
/
002F
3_
48
0
0030
1
0031
2
0032
3
0033
4
0034
5
0035
6
0036
7
0037
8
0038
9
0039
:
003A
;
003B
<
003C
=
003D
>
003E
?
003F
4_
64
@
0040
A
0041
B
0042
C
0043
D
0044
E
0045
F
0046
G
0047
H
0048
I
0049
J
004A
K
004B
L
004C
M
004D
N
004E
O
004F
5_
80
P
0050
Q
0051
R
0052
S
0053
T
0054
U
0055
V
0056
W
0057
X
0058
Y
0059
Z
005A
[
005B
\
005C
]
005D
^
005E
_
005F
6_
96
`
0060
a
0061
b
0062
c
0063
d
0064
e
0065
f
0066
g
0067
h
0068
i
0069
j
006A
k
006B
l
006C
m
006D
n
006E
o
006F
7_
112
p
0070
q
0071
r
0072
s
0073
t
0074
u
0075
v
0076
w
0077
x
0078
y
0079
z
007A
{
007B
|
007C
}
007D
~
007E
DEL
007F
8_
128

20AC

201A
ƒ
0192

201E

2026

2020

2021
ˆ
02C6

2030
Š
0160

2039
Œ
0152
9_
144

2018

2019

201C

201D

2022

2013

2014
˜
02DC

2122
š
0161

203A
œ
0153
Ÿ
0178
A_
160
NBSP
00A0
¡
00A1
¢
00A2
£
00A3
¤
00A4
¥
00A5
¦
00A6
§
00A7
¨
00A8
©
00A9
ª
00AA
«
00AB
¬
00AC
SHY
00AD
®
00AE
¯
00AF
B_
176
°
00B0
±
00B1
²
00B2
³
00B3
´
00B4
µ
00B5

00B6
·
00B7
¸
00B8
¹
00B9
º
00BA
»
00BB
¼
00BC
½
00BD
¾
00BE
¿
00BF
C_
192
À
00C0
Á
00C1
Â
00C2
Ã
00C3
Ä
00C4
Å
00C5
Æ
00C6
Ç
00C7
È
00C8
É
00C9
Ê
00CA
Ë
00CB
Ì
00CC
Í
00CD
Î
00CE
Ï
00CF
D_
208
Ğ
011E
Ñ
00D1
Ò
00D2
Ó
00D3
Ô
00D4
Õ
00D5
Ö
00D6
×
00D7
Ø
00D8
Ù
00D9
Ú
00DA
Û
00DB
Ü
00DC
İ
0130
Ş
015E
ß
00DF
E_
224
à
00E0
á
00E1
â
00E2
ã
00E3
ä
00E4
å
00E5
æ
00E6
ç
00E7
è
00E8
é
00E9
ê
00EA
ë
00EB
ì
00EC
í
00ED
î
00EE
ï
00EF
F_
240
ğ
011F
ñ
00F1
ò
00F2
ó
00F3
ô
00F4
õ
00F5
ö
00F6
÷
00F7
ø
00F8
ù
00F9
ú
00FA
û
00FB
ü
00FC
ı
0131
ş
015F
ÿ
00FF

  Letter  Number  Punctuation  Symbol  Other  Undefined

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "8.2.2.3. Character encodings". HTML 5.1 2nd Edition. W3C. User agents must support the encodings defined in the WHATWG Encoding standard, including, but not limited to […]
  2. ^ a b c van Kesteren, Anne. "Names and labels". Encoding Standard. WHATWG.
  3. ^ van Kesteren, Anne. "Legacy single-byte encodings". Encoding Standard. WHATWG.
  4. ^ "Historical trends in the usage of character encodings for websites". w3techs.com.
  5. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". w3techs.com.
  6. ^ "Distribution of character encodings among websites that use Turkey". w3techs.com.
  7. ^ "Code page 1254 information document". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03.
  8. ^ "CCSID 1254 information document". Archived from the original on 2016-03-26.
  9. ^ "CCSID 5350 information document". Archived from the original on 2014-11-29.
  10. ^ Unicode mapping table for Windows 1254
  11. ^ Unicode mappings of windows 1254 with "best fit"
  12. ^ Code Page CPGID 01254 (pdf) (PDF), IBM
  13. ^ Code Page CPGID 01254 (txt), IBM
  14. ^ International Components for Unicode (ICU), ibm-1254_P100-1995.ucm, 2002-12-03
  15. ^ International Components for Unicode (ICU), ibm-5350_P100-1998.ucm, 2002-12-03

External links[edit]