Wailaki language

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Wailaki
Eel River
Native toUSA
RegionCalifornia
EthnicityEel River Athapaskans
Extinct1960s[1]
Dialects
  • Sinkyone
  • Wailaki
  • Nongatl
  • Lassik
Language codes
ISO 639-3wlk
Glottologwail1244[2]

Wailaki, also known as Eel River, is an extinct Athabaskan language spoken by the people of the Round Valley Reservation of northern California, one of four languages belonging to the California Athabaskan cluster of the Pacific Coast Athabaskan languages. Dialect clusters reflect the four Wailaki-speaking peoples, the Sinkyone, Wailaki, Nongatl, and Lassik, of the Eel River confederation.

Phonology[edit]

The sounds in Wailaki:

Consonants[edit]

Bilabial Alveolar Lateral Palatal Velar Glottal
plain pal.
Plosive plain p t k ʔ
aspirated kʲʰ
ejective kʲʼ
Affricate plain (ts)
aspirated tʃʰ
ejective tsʼ tʃʼ
Fricative plain s ɬ ʃ h
voiced ɣ
Nasal (m) n ŋ
Approximant l j (w)

Sounds /m, ts, w/ are rather rare.

Vowels[edit]

Vowels in Wailaki are /i e a o/, and with length as /iː eː aː oː/.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wailaki at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Wailaki". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  • Goddard, Pliny. Wailaki Texts. International Journal of American Linguistics, Vol. 2, No. 3/4 (Jan., 1923), pp. 77–135
  • Seaburg, William. A Wailaki (Athapaskan) Text with Comparative Notes. International Journal of American Linguistics, Vol. 43, No. 4 (Oct., 1977), pp. 327–332
  • Begay, Kayla Rae. Wailaki Grammar. PhD University of California Berkeley. (Fall 2017)[1]

External links[edit]