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Ve (В в; italics: В в) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. It commonly represents the voiced labiodental fricative /v/, like ⟨v⟩ in "vase".
In the Early Cyrillic alphabet, its name was вѣдѣ (vědě), meaning "I know".
In the Cyrillic numeral system, it had the value of 2.
In standard Ukrainian pronunciation (based on the Poltava dialect), Ve represents a sound like the English W ([w]) when in the word final position. Because of this, it is not uncommon to see words ending in ⟨в⟩ transcribed to end in ⟨w⟩, for example, Владислав = Vladyslaw for Vladislav.
Additionally, some Ukrainians also use this pronunciation in words where the letter is directly preceded by a consonant, while for others all occurrences of the letter Ve denote [w]. In Eastern Ukraine, the letter Ve may represent a voiceless [f], but this is considered a Russianism, as word-final devoicing does not occur in standard Ukrainian. For example, the standard Ukrainian pronunciation of the word сказав ([he] said) is /skazaw/. However in the Eastern Ukraine one is likely to hear the Russified [skazaf] (with final devoicing).
In Belarusian, the letter Ve represents only the sound /v/. In the word final position, or if directly proceeded by a consonant, it mutates to the letter Short U (Ў ў), a Belarusian letter representing the sound /w/. E.g., the Belarusian noun "language" is мова (mova), but the adjectival form is моўны (mowny), and the genitive plural of the noun (formed by removing the final ⟨а⟩) is моў (mow).
In Rusyn, the letter Ve represents the sound /v/, or /w/ if it is at the end of the word.
In Macedonian the letter is used for the sound /v/, but if the letter appears at the end of the word then it is pronounced as /f/. An example of this is the word бев [bɛf] ('I was').
Related letters and other similar characters
- Β β : Greek letter Beta
- Б б : Cyrillic letter Be
- Ѵ ѵ : Cyrillic Letter Izhitsa
- B b : Latin letter B
- V v : Latin letter V
- W w : Latin letter W
|Unicode name||CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER VE||CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER VE||CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ROUNDED VE|
|UTF-8||208 146||D0 92||208 178||D0 B2||225 178 128||E1 B2 80|
|Numeric character reference||В||В||в||в||ᲀ||ᲀ|
|KOI8-R and KOI8-U||247||F7||215||D7|