Tupolev Tu-82

Tupolev Tu-82
Role Light bomber
National origin Soviet Union
Manufacturer Tupolev
First flight 1949
Developed from Tupolev Tu-14

The Tupolev Tu-82 was a 1940s Soviet experimental swept-wing bomber. It was the first Soviet jet bomber with swept wings.[1]

Design and development[edit]

Similar to the earlier Tupolev Tu-14, the Tu-82 was designed to investigate the use of swept wings. Powered by two Klimov VK-1 engines, the Tu-82 first flew in February 1949.[1] It achieved a top speed of 934 km/h and a ceiling of 14,000 m.[1] Tupolev planned a larger combat version as the Tu-86, but it was not built.[1]

Specifications (Tu-82)[edit]

Data from [2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: three
  • Length: 17.57 m (57 ft 8 in)
  • Wingspan: 17.81 m (58 ft 5 in)
  • Wing area: 45 m2 (484 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 9,526 kg (21,000 lb)
  • Gross weight: 18,340 kg (40,430 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Klimov VK-1 , 26.5 kN (5,955 lbf) thrust each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 934 km/h (579 mph, 503 kn)
  • Range: 2,395 km (1,493 mi, 1,297 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 11,400 m (37,392 ft)

See also[edit]

Related development

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Němeček 1986, pp. 174, 175
  2. ^ Němeček 1986, pp. 420–421

Bibliography[edit]

  • Gordon, Yefim & Rigamant, Vladimir (2005). OKB Tupolev: A History of the Design Bureau and its Aircraft. Hinckley, England: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-214-4.
  • Gunston, Bill (1995a). The Osprey Encyclopedia of Russian Aircraft 1875–1995. London: Osprey. ISBN 1-85532-405-9.
  • Gunston, Bill (1995b). Tupolev Aircraft since 1922. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-882-8.
  • Němeček, Václav (1986). The history of Soviet aircraft from 1918. London: Willow Books. ISBN 0-00-218033-2. OCLC 13859719.