Sunan ibn Majah

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Sunan Ibn Mājah
AuthorIbn Mājah
Original titleسُنن ابن ماجه
LanguageArabic
SeriesKutub al-Sittah
GenreHadith collection

Sunan Ibn Mājah (Arabic: سُنن ابن ماجه‎) is one of the six major Sunni hadith collections (Kutub al-Sittah). The Sunan was authored by Ibn Mājah (b. 209/824, d. 273/887).


Description[edit]

It contains 4341 aḥādīth[1] in 32 books (kutub) divided into 1,500 chapters (abwāb). Some 1329 hadith are only found in it, and not in the other five canonical works.[2] About 20 of the traditions it contains were later declared to be forged; such as those dealing with the merits of individuals, tribes or towns, including Ibn Mājah's home town of Qazwin.[3]

Views[edit]

Sunnis regard this collection as sixth in terms of authenticity of their Six major Hadith collections.[4] Although Ibn Mājah related hadith from scholars across the eastern Islamic world, neither he nor his Sunan were well known outside of his native region of northwestern Iran until the 5th/11th century.[5] Muḥammad ibn Ṭāhir al-Maqdisī (d. 507/1113) remarked that while Ibn Mājah's Sunan was well regarded in Rayy, it was not widely known among the broader community of Muslim jurists outside of Iran.[6] It was also Muḥammad b. Ṭāhir who first proposed a six-book canon of the most authentic Sunni hadith collections in his Shurūṭ al-aʾimma al-sitta, which included Ibn Mājah's Sunan alongside Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Sunan Abu Dawud, Sunan Nasai, and Jami al-Tirmidhi.[7] Nonetheless, consensus among Sunni scholars concerning this six-book canon, which included Ibn Mājah's Sunan, did not occur until the 7th/13th century, and even then this consensus was largely contained to the Sunni scholarly community in the eastern Islamic world.[8] Scholars such as al-Nawawi (d. 676/1277) and Ibn Khaldun (d. 808/1405) excluded Sunan Ibn Mājah from their lists of canonical Sunni hadith collections, while others replaced it with either the Muwaṭṭaʾ of Imām Mālik or with the Sunan ad-Dārimī. It was not until Ibn al-Qaisarani's formal standardization of the Sunni hadith cannon into six books in the 11th century that Ibn Majah's collection was regarded the esteem granted to the five other books.

Contents[edit]

Editor, Muhammad Fu'ād 'Abd al-Bāqī's 1952-53 Cairo publication, in 2 volumes, provides the standard topical classification of the hadith Arabic text. The book is divided into 37[9] volumes.

  1. the book of purification and its sunnah
  2. the book of the prayer
  3. the book of the adhan (the call to prayer) and the sunnah regarding it
  4. the book on the mosques and the congregations
  5. establishing the prayer and the sunnah regarding them
  6. chapters regarding funerals
  7. fasting
  8. the chapters regarding zakat
  9. the chapters on marriage
  10. the chapters on divorce
  11. the chapters on expiation
  12. the chapters on business transactions
  13. the chapters on rulings
  14. the chapters on gifts
  15. the chapters on charity
  16. the chapters on pawning
  17. the chapters on shufa (preemption)
  18. the chapters on lost property
  19. the chapters on manumission (of slaves)
  20. the chapters on legal punishments
  21. the chapters on blood money
  22. the chapters on wills
  23. chapters on shares of inheritance
  24. the chapters on jihad
  25. chapters on hajj rituals
  26. chapters on sacrifices
  27. chapters on slaughtering
  28. chapters on hunting
  29. chapters on food
  30. chapters on drinks
  31. chapters on medicine
  32. chapters on dress
  33. etiquette
  34. supplication
  35. interpretation of dreams
  36. tribulations
  37. zuhd

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kamali, M. H. (2005). A Textbook of Hadith Studies: Authenticity, Compilation, Classification and Criticism of Hadith (p. 40). The Islamic Foundation.
  2. ^ ibid.
  3. ^ ibid., pp. 40-41.
  4. ^ Gibril, Haddad (4 April 2003). "Various Issues About Hadiths". living ISLAM – Islamic Tradition.
  5. ^ Robson, James (1958). "The Transmission of Ibn Mājah's 'Sunan'". Journal of Semitic Studies. 3.2: 139.
  6. ^ Brown, Jonathan (2009). "The Canonization of Ibn Mājah: Authenticity vs. Utility in the Formation of the Sunni Ḥadīth Canon". Revue des Mondes Musulmans et de la Méditerranée. 129: 175.
  7. ^ Kamali, M. H. (2005). A Textbook of Hadith Studies: Authenticity, Compilation, Classification and Criticism of Hadith (p. 40). The Islamic Foundation.
  8. ^ Goldziher, Ignaz (1971). Muslim Studies, Volume II. Aldine Publishing Company. pp. 241–44.
  9. ^ "Sunan Ibn Majah". sunnah.com. Retrieved Jun 27, 2019.

External links[edit]