Song District, Sarawak

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Chinese transcription(s)
 • Simplified
Song is located in East Malaysia
Location in Borneo
Coordinates: 2°01′N 112°33′E / 2.017°N 112.550°E / 2.017; 112.550Coordinates: 2°01′N 112°33′E / 2.017°N 112.550°E / 2.017; 112.550
Country  Malaysia
State  Sarawak
Division Kapit Division
District Song District
Population [1]
 • Estimate (2010) 20,046
Time zone UTC+8 (MST)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+8 (Not observed)
Postal code 96850

Song is a town, and the capital of the Song District (3,935.2 square kilometers)[2] in Kapit Division, Sarawak, Malaysia. The district population (year 2010 census) was 20,046.[1] Song is situated by the banks of the Katibas River, a tributary of the Rajang River. The Iban(Sea dayak) people form the majority in Song, followed by the Orang Ulu, Chinese, Malay, Melanau and Bidayuh. It is an important stopover for river traffic going up the Rajang River.



Song Sarawak (Borneo) in 1960s

The Kayan people are the first group of settlers inhabited the Song District.[3] The town located on the Song River was originally a Malay trading port. "Abang" (patrician of Sarawak Malay) is a well-known figure Hj. Ahmed b. Hj. Omar and Melanau[clarification needed] where they exchanged their forest products such as Nyatoh, resin and rattan in 1820s with local Iban people in Song. The Iban indigenous people inhabited the area along the Rejang River, Katibas River, Song River, Lajan River, and Iran River.

The traders brought products to Sibau (Sibu) to sell, where there were ships, such as the Ang Bee from Singapore and the Kampar from Peninsular Malaysia. These ships stopped at Sibau before bringing goods to Singapore and Peninsular Malaysia at that time. Similarly, the trader brought essential households items like salt, apong Sugar, salted fish, platter bowls, pottery, clothing, gongs, fabric and clothing to be used as exchange with the local traders.

The history of Song goes back to the early part of the 19th century. In those early days, Song was a settlement where Malay traders came upriver to trade forest products such as rattan with the Melanaus. The forest products were then taken downriver to the port in Sibu for export. In return, the tribes purchased daily goods such as salt, sugar, and salted fish, as well as crockery, china, gongs and textile.

The Industrial Revolution in Europe created a demand for raw material, and this propelled the growth of Song from a settlement into a small village. Chinese migrants from Fujian province settled here, building a row of shophouses in the village. Malays also came to settle in Song, establishing a Malay kampung called Kampung Gelam. As a result of the increased importance of Song, the White Rajah set up an administrative centre for Song. It was located at the estuary of the Song River in 1870. Around that time, and until the turn of the 20th century, there were repeated uprisings staged by the Iban tribe against the imposition of taxes.

Song was under Japanese occupation from Christmas Eve of 1941 until September 1945. Allied bombings destroyed much of the buildings in the village including the district office. This compelled the district officer Abang Tunku Haji Wan Mat to relocate the administration of Song to the estuary of the Katibas River. The Song Fort was built there in 1947 and the Song Administrative Office was relocated to it the following year.


Geography and climate[edit]

Song is one of the three districts located inside the Kapit Division. The other two districts are: Kapit District and Belaga District.[4]




Song is only accessible by express boats along Rejang River. There are hourly express boat services connecting Song, Sibu, Kanowit, Kapit and Belaga.It is approximately 2 hours journey from Sibu and an hour from Kapit.The express boats services are provided frequently at Song Wharf Terminal.
However,a plan to build roads connecting Song to Kapit and Song to Kanowit was promised by the Federal Government and was announced by the Prime Minister of Malaysia during his visit to the town on 15 April 2011.

Other utilities[edit]


Secondary Schools:

  1. SMK Song
  2. SMK Katibas

Primary Schools :

  1. SK (C) Hin Hua
  2. SRB Cardinal Vaughan Song
  3. SK Nanga Beguang
  4. SK NangaTemalat
  5. SK Nanga Bangkit
  6. SK Ulu Melipis
  7. SK Nanga Selibut
  8. SK Tan Sri Datuk Temenggong Jugah
  9. SK Nanga Nansang
  10. SK Nanga Musah
  11. SK Nanga Janan
  12. SK Nanga Engkuah
  13. SK Nanga Embuau
  14. SK Nanga Dalai
  15. SK Nanga Nyimoh
  16. SK Lubok Ipoh
  17. SK Lubok Bedil


Culture and leisure[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Laporan Kiraan Permulaan 2010". Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. p. 35. Archived from the original on 2010-12-27. Retrieved 2011-01-24. 
  2. ^ "Latar Geografi Daerah Song". Pejabat Daerah Song. Retrieved 2011-01-24. 
  3. ^ "Sejarah Daerah Song (History of the Song District)". Song Internet Centre. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2018. 
  4. ^ "Demografi Daerah Song (Demographics of Song District)". Archived from the original on 23 September 2018. Retrieved 23 September 2018. 

External links[edit]