Sole custody is a child custody arrangement whereby only one parent has physical custody while either one or both parents may have legal custody of the child. Sole custody has been the traditional form of child custody after divorce; however, there has been a trend since the 1980s towards joint physical custody with shared parenting, as research has shown that such arrangements are more favorable to the physical, mental and social well-being of children.
Other forms of custody
- Alternating custody is an arrangement whereby the child/children live for an extended period of time with one parent, and then for a similar amount of time with the other parent. While the child/children are with the parent, that parent retains sole authority over the child/children.
- Bird's nest custody is an arrangement whereby the parents go back and forth from a residence in which the child/children reside, placing the burden of upheaval and movement on the parents rather than the child/children.
- Joint physical custody is an arrangement whereby the child lives approximately equal time with both parents.
- Split custody is an arrangement whereby one parent has full-time custody over some children, and the other parent has full custody over the other children.
- Third-party custody is an arrangement in whereby the children do not remain with either biological parent, and are placed under the custody of a third person.
- Elissa P. Benedek; Catherine F. Brown (1998). How to Help Your Child Overcome Your Divorce. Newmarket Press. pp. 44–45. ISBN 978-1-55704-461-7. Retrieved 15 October 2011.
- Webster Watnik (April 2003). Child Custody Made Simple: Understanding the Laws of Child Custody and Child Support. Single Parent Press. pp. 16–38. ISBN 978-0-9649404-3-7. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
- Judith S. Wallerstein; Joan B. Kelly (22 August 1996). Surviving the Breakup: How Children and Parents Cope with Divorce. Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-08345-9. Retrieved 15 October 2011.
- Patrick Parkinson (21 February 2011). Family Law and the Indissolubility of Parenthood. Cambridge University Press. pp. 45–49. ISBN 978-0-521-11610-7. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
- Linda Nielsen (2018). "Joint Versus Sole Physical Custody: Children's Outcomes Independent of Parent–Child Relationships, Income, and Conflict in 60 Studies". Journal of Divorce & Remarriage. Journal of Divorce and Remarriage. 59 (4): 247–281. doi:10.1080/10502556.2018.1454204.
- Linda Nielsen (June 20, 2017). "10 Surprising Findings on Shared Parenting After Divorce or Separation". Institute for Family Studies.