Six Codes

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Six Codes
Chinese name
Chinese六法
Korean name
Hangul육법
Hanja六法
Japanese name
Kanji六法
Kanaろっぽう

Six Codes (六法), refers to the six main legal codes that make up the main body of law in Japan, South Korea, and the Republic of China.[1] Sometimes, the term is also used to describe the six major areas of law. Furthermore, it may refer to all or part of a collection of statutes.

 Japan  South Korea Republic of China
1 Constitution (1946)
日本国憲法
Nippon-koku-kenpō
Constitution (1948)
대한민국 헌법
大韓民國憲法
Daehan-minguk Heon-beop
Constitution (1946)
中華民國憲法
Zhōnghuá Mínguó Xiànfǎ (Mandarin)
Tiong-hoâ Bîn-kok Hiàn-hoat (Taiwanese)
Chûng-fà Mìn-koet Hién-fap (Hakka)
2 Civil Code (1896)
民法
Minpō
Civil Code (1958)
민법
民法
Min-beop
Civil Code (1929)
民法
Mínfǎ (Mandarin)
Bîn-hoat (Taiwanese)
Mìn-fap (Hakka)
3 Code of Civil Procedure (1996)
民事訴訟法
Minji-soshō-hō
Code of Civil Procedure (1960)
민사소송법
民事訴訟法
Minsa-sosong-beop
Code of Civil Procedure (1930)
民事訴訟法
Mínshìsùsòngfǎ (Mandarin)
Bîn-sū Sò͘-siōng-hoat (Taiwanese)
Mìn-sṳ Su-siung-fap (Hakka)
4 Criminal Code (1907)
刑法
Keihō
Criminal Code (1953)
형법
刑法
Hyeong-beop
Criminal Code (1935)
刑法
Xíngfǎ (Mandarin)
Hêng-hoat (Taiwanese)
Hìn-fap (Hakka)
5 Code of Criminal Procedure (1948)
刑事訴訟法
Keiji-soshō-hō
Code of Criminal Procedure (1954)
형사소송법
刑事訴訟法
Hyeongsa-sosong-beop
Code of Criminal Procedure (1928)
刑事訴訟法
Xíngshìsùsòngfǎ (Mandarin)
Hêng-sū Sò͘-siōng-hoat (Taiwanese)
Hìn-sṳ Su-siung-fap (Hakka)
6 Commercial Code (1899)
商法
Shōhō
Commercial Code (1962)
상법
商法
Sang-beop
Administrative laws
行政法規
Xíngzhèngfǎguī (Mandarin)
Hêng-chèng Hoat-kui (Taiwanese)
Hàng-chṳn Fap-kûi (Hakka)

The word roppō is a slightly adapted form of the word used in Japanese to describe the Napoleonic Code (ナポレオン五法典 Napoleon go-hōten) when it was brought over during the early Meiji period.[2] Although the Napoleonic Code consisted of five major codes, the Japanese added to this their own constitution to form six codes in all, and thus it came to be called the roppō or "six codes."[2]

Legislation in Japan tends to be terse. The statutory volume Roppō Zensho(literally: Book of Six Codes), similar in size to a large dictionary, contains all six codes as well as many other statutes enacted by the Diet.

The Republic of China's legal system is strongly influenced by Japan's. As a result, the terms Six Codes and Book of Six Codes are also widely used in the Republic of China.

See also[edit]

Japan South Korea Republic of China

External links[edit]

  1. Ministry of Justice, ROC(Taiwan)
  2. The Laws and Regulations Database of the ROC(Taiwan)
  3. The Complete Six Codes of Japan RONの六法全書 onLINE(in Japanese)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ministry of Justice, R.O.C. (Taiwan)
  2. ^ a b Masaji Chiba “Japan” edited by Poh-Ling Tan, “Asian Legal Systems” Butterworths, London, 1997.