Shomrim (neighborhood watch group)
Shomrim/Shmira (Hebrew: שומרים/שמירה) (lit. "watchers", "guards", "protection") are organizations of proactive volunteer Jewish civilian patrols which have been set up in Haredi communities in neighborhoods across the United States and the United Kingdom (and in many other countries) to combat burglary, vandalism, mugging, assault, domestic violence, nuisance crimes, antisemitic attacks, and to help and support victims of crime. They also help locate missing people.
Shomrim volunteers are unarmed and do not have the authority to make arrests, other than citizen's arrest. They are effective in tracking and detaining suspects until police arrive. Some Shomrim members in the United States have been convicted of assaults and misdemeanors against people from outside their community, particularly African-Americans.
In Brooklyn, Baltimore, and London many residents call Shomrim prior to the police due to the former's faster response time. However, one of the volunteer patrols in New York has been criticised by the New York City Police Department for not always notifying police when a call comes in. In London however, the Hackney Police Borough Commander Chief Superintendent Matthew Horne complimented Shomrim on this point, saying that "they will generally know when is the time to call us. They don't tend to waste our time and they don't let people go". Additionally, Brooklyn Shomrim organisers have been accused of withholding information on suspected child molesters and other Jewish criminals, in keeping with an interpretation of the Torah prohibition against mesirah (informing on a fellow Jew to the non-Jewish authorities).
- 1 History
- 2 Volunteers
- 3 Operations
- 4 Police relations
- 5 Funding
- 6 List of Shomrim organizations
- 6.1 New York City
- 6.2 Eastern United States
- 6.3 Western United States
- 6.4 United Kingdom
- 7 In popular culture
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
Shomrim was first established in the Brooklyn neighborhoods of Boro Park, Crown Heights, Flatbush, and Williamsburg in the United States, in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Similar patrols were later established in US Haredi neighborhoods in Monsey, New York, Baltimore, Miami, Waterbury, Connecticut, and London, United Kingdom.
Shomrim volunteers, who are unpaid, are mostly members of the Haredi Jewish communities that they serve; however, around 70 per cent of the victims they help are not from the Orthodox Jewish community, usually just local residents from any race or religion. Despite previous reports, London Shomrim does not require that its members must be Jewish, male, employed or married, according to Stamford Hill Shomrim volunteer Michael Scher. In Brooklyn, Shomrim members, according to their coordinator, are fingerprinted and checked for a criminal record before being allowed to join the patrol. In Stamford Hill, London, Shomrim volunteers undergo training according to Security Industry Authority standards and are CRB checked prior to joining as a volunteer.
Shomrim volunteers – who range from a few dozen to over 100, depending on the group – work on foot or in cars. Generally, members work two to a vehicle that is equipped with a radio and a siren. However the UK divisions of Shomrim do not have audible or visual warning equipment (blues-and-twos) fitted in their vehicles. Some Brooklyn patrols have marked cars which resemble New York City Police Department (NYPD) vehicles, but most use their own, unmarked cars. The patrols may also carry walkie-talkies. They wear identifying jackets and yarmulkes on the job.
The volunteers, says a coordinator, do not carry guns, batons, pepper spray, or handcuffs, and do not have the authority to make arrests. However, they are trained in how to safely track and detain suspects until police arrive, otherwise known as citizen's arrest. They have been known to quickly mobilize area residents to block off streets in order to stop suspects.
Shomrim responds to a wide variety of crimes and cases, including reports of purse snatching, vandalism, car and bicycle thefts, and missing people. Volunteers patrol the city streets in the wee hours of the morning as a deterrent presence. When they are not on duty, they remain on call, and are often summoned to help other Shomrim groups or other Jewish community rescue organizations such as Hatzalah and Chaverim during large-scale search and rescue operations.
Shomrim has been effective in apprehending suspects of burglaries robberies, assault, car thefts, vandalism, domestic violence, nuisance crimes, and antisemitic attacks. In an incident in 2010, four Brooklyn South Shomrim volunteers gave chase to a suspected child predator who drew a gun and shot each of them, after they had tackled him to the ground. The shooter was later acquitted of all charges except possessing a gun. Following that incident, the Brooklyn South Shomrim were issued bullet-proof vests by the New York State Senate.
Shomrim volunteers have occasionally been criticized for using excessive force with suspects, particularly non-Jews. In 1996 a Crown Heights Shomrim volunteer was convicted of assault charges after repeatedly hitting a suspect on the head with a walkie-talkie after the man had been subdued. In 2010 a Baltimore Shomrim volunteer was arrested for allegedly striking a black teenager. He was suspended pending internal investigation, with Shomrim confident that he would be vindicated in court, and was sentenced to three years of probation in 2012. In 2011, two Monsey Shomrim volunteers were charged with misdemeanors in a fracas that erupted after a girl hit a passing van with a water balloon.
Shomrim maintains a delicate working relationship with local police departments and Shomrim regularly shares its information on crime with officers.
The relationship is a sensitive one, however. Many residents of Hasidic neighborhoods in Brooklyn, Baltimore, and Stamford Hill tend to call Shomrim in an emergency rather than the police. Shomrim cites its faster response time, knowledge of the territory, and ability to speak Yiddish, the language of the Hasidic community, for the residents' preference. While the expectation is for Shomrim to notify police, this is done in some cases but not in others. Former New York City Police Commissioner Raymond Kelly has publicly stated that Shomrim does not immediately notify police when a call comes in. This was highlighted in the 2011 missing-child case of Leiby Kletzky (see below): the first call by Kletzky's mother reporting her missing child was received by Brooklyn South Shomrim more than two hours before Kletzky's father called the police. The Brooklyn South Shomrim explains that it does not always notify police immediately in cases of missing children, since it receives at least 10 such calls a day and is experienced in quickly locating children by searching candy stores, buses, and relatives' homes. In London however, the Hackney Police Borough Commander Chief Superintendent Matthew Horne complimented Shomrim on this point, saying that "they will generally know when is the time to call us. They don't tend to waste our time and they don't let people go".
In Brooklyn, the civilian patrol has been accused of withholding information about suspected local child molesters. One Brooklyn South Shomrim member acknowledged to the press that they maintain a file of suspected local child molesters, and some believe that this file includes the suspects' photos and the make, model and license-plate number of their cars. But Shomrim does not share this information with police due to the Torah prohibition against mesirah (informing on a fellow Jew to the non-Jewish authorities). However, another high-ranking member claims that the other member was misquoted, and that the list that Brooklyn South Shomrim maintains is culled from the New York Sex Offender Registry. Members of the Williamsburg Shomrim always consult a rabbi before involving police in a crime committed by one Jew against another.
The founding of Shomrim organizations in North West London and Stamford Hill in 2008 initially met with disapproval by the London Metropolitan Police, which questioned the existence of a community patrol working in tandem with trained police officers and claimed they were endangering themselves. In 2009, a new borough commander in Hackney Chief Superintendent Steve Bending consulted with the NYPD to draw up a list of expectations for the volunteer patrol. The Stamford Hill Shomrim and the North West London Shomrim agreed to have its members undergo background checks and sign a code of conduct, and pledged to implement disciplinary measures for members who "act inappropriately". Today the Hackney borough commander commends Shomrim in its role as "evidence-gathers" and support for police activities. and they have received public praise from the higher ranks. including most recently Stamford Hill Shomrim received a formal commendation award from the local Metropolitan Police Borough Commander
Stamford Hill Shomrim members receive ongoing training from the Police at Stoke Newington Police Station and are kept updated about new, targeted police operations in the area.
Shomrim organizations receive voluntary donations mostly from members of the Orthodox Jewish Community they serve.
New York Shomrim groups have been successful at securing taxpayer funding in member earmarks for their operations, allowing them to buy sophisticated equipment. Commentators cite the groups' effectiveness and also their political clout as a voting bloc that follows rabbis' direction.
List of Shomrim organizations
Shomrim organizations in each neighbourhood or city operates independently. There are some exceptions, where there is a tight affiliation with neighbouring Shomrim organizations, a loose affiliation of neighbouring Shomrim organizations, or some other basic level of cooperation.
New York City
Brooklyn South Shomrim
The Shomrim Brooklyn South Safety Patrol, which covers the neighborhoods of Boro Park, Bensonhurst, and Kensington, was founded in the 1980s by Jacob Daskal. In the beginning the group was known as the "Bakery Boys" as its members were bakers who observed late-night car break-ins in progress. Its command center is located in a tire shop. The dispatchers, owners of the tire shop, receive about 100 calls a day and direct a force of 150 members.
Brooklyn South Shomrim came to international attention as the coordinator of a massive volunteer search for Leiby Kletzky, an 8-year-old Boro Park boy who went missing while walking home from day camp in July 2011; he was later found murdered by a Kensington resident. The Brooklyn South command center alerted other Shomrim patrols in Flatbush, Williamsburg, and Crown Heights, as well as Haredi communities in Monsey, Monroe, Lawrence, Passaic, and Lakewood, to mobilize up to 5,000 Orthodox Jewish volunteers for a block-by-block search for the missing boy. After police identified the suspect's car from surveillance videos, two Flatbush volunteers searching in nearby Kensington spotted the car; the suspect was apprehended by police shortly after. Later the Brooklyn South Shomrim maintained order at the huge funeral for the victim and outside the parents' home during the week-long shiva period.
In April 2016, Alex Lichtenstein, a former Brooklyn South Shomrim leader who was Boro Park's liaison to the NYPD, was charged with bribing police officers to obtain 150 gun permits for $6,000 a piece, then selling them to community members for $18,000. Upon his sentencing on March 16, 2017 to 32 months imprisonment and a $20,000 fine, Judge Sidney H. Stein said, “Mr. Lichtenstein has led a life of great deeds. He has also committed a great crime. You participated in corrupting the New York City police department.”
On May 10, 2018, Daskal was arrested by the NYPD on suspicion of statutory rape of a 16-year-old girl. He was charged the next day with third-degree rape, a criminal sex act, sexual abuse, forcible touching, and acting in a manner injurious to a child less than 17. The revelation was followed by Daskal's immediate resignation from his post as campaign treasurer for Simcha Eichenstein, a New York State Assembly candidate from the neighborhood. Authorities believe the abuse took place at Daskal’s home in Boro Park between August and November 2017.
Crown Heights Shomrim
Crown Heights Shomrim was founded in 1977. It expanded its operations following the 1991 Crown Heights riots. Members, driving repainted police cars, respond to armed robberies, burglaries, and assaults in progress, as well as automobile accidents and general assistance to residents. While they are not authorized to make arrests, they will chase suspects and try to detain them by surrounding them and talking to them until police arrive.
The Flatbush Shomrim Safety Patrol, originally known as Brooklyn Midwood Shomrim, was founded in 1991 by Chaim Deutsch with the support of neighborhood rabbinic leaders. At the time, police did not have the manpower to respond immediately to crimes in progress. The group's 40 volunteers patrol in their own, unmarked cars and use high-powered binoculars to view suspects at a distance. If they see a crime in progress, they summon police, who respond promptly. Often the Shomrim volunteers serve as witnesses for the filing of police reports. Members also carry special equipment for opening locked houses and cars. In 2009 the Flatbush Shomrim acquired a $250,000 mobile security command center which is similar to NYPD command centers, including a state-of-the-art communications system, flat-panel television, computer, fax machine, portable defibrillator, a toilet incinerator that can convert solid waste to ash, conference room, and kitchen.
The Williamsburg Shomrim was founded in 1977 by a local resident, in response to a wave of violent muggings perpetuated on Jewish residents by non-Jews. Today, the majority of calls received by Williamsburg Shomrim deal with car theft, missing children, and graffiti. Most of its 50 members work six nights a week.
In 2013 a Shomrim patrol attacked a student in south Williamsburg. The victim, who remains blind in his left eye, stated that while beating him, the men yelled homophobic slurs. Five suspects were arrested; one was convicted of gang assault and other charges, two pled guilty to lesser offenses and were sentenced to probation and community service in "culturally diverse neighborhoods", and two had the charges dismissed as the witnesses recanted their identification. The patrol had claimed to be responding to reports of car vandalism, but this was deemed "unfounded."
Eastern United States
Baltimore Shomrim was founded in 2005 in response to a rash of burglaries in the city's Orthodox Jewish community. In its first five years, the organization received over 4,600 calls for assistance. Members – generally local Orthodox businessmen and shopkeepers – wear matching jackets and carry two-way radios. The organization divides the area under surveillance into quadrants and responds quickly to all calls. Among the calls for help are bicycle thefts, missing children, and suicide attempts.
Lakewood Civilian Safety Watch
The Lakewood Civilian Safety Watch, commonly known as the Lakewood Shomrim, was formed in 2006 by Chaim Rubin and Aaron Kugielsky after an incident in which a local cheder teacher walking home one evening was attacked by an assailant with a steel bat. As of 2015, the group has more than 60 Jewish volunteers, as well as non-Jewish personnel who work on Shabbat and Jewish holidays. The organization patrols the streets of Lakewood Township, New Jersey in marked cars. It fields an average of 400 calls a month. It also conducts public awareness campaigns for summer safety, school bus safety, and driving safety, and bicycle registration drives.
Miami-Dade Shmira Patrol
Western United States
Los Angeles Shmira
The Los Angeles Shmira Safety Patrol was founded in 2009 in the Pico/Robertson area of Los Angeles. After a slow start a former member of the Guardian Angels joined and helped revitalize the patrol. LA Shmira works closely with the Los Angeles Police Department's Olympic Division and coordinates with the South Robertson District Council's Safety Committee. LA Shmira currently has 4 dispatchers and 20 volunteer responders, including three Rabbis.
Shomrim London, Stamford Hill
The Stamford Hill Shomrim, founded in 2008 by Efrayim Goldstein, has many volunteers and a 24-hour emergency hotline. Shomrim volunteers undergo training according to Security Industry Authority standards and are CRB checked prior to joining as a volunteer. Members receive ongoing training at Stoke Newington Police Station as for the London metropolitan police and are kept updated about new, targeted police operations in the area. In its first five months of operation, the hotline received 2,000 calls reporting burglaries, thefts, muggings, missing people etc. On average, Stamford Hill Shomrim receives approximately 4500 hotline calls a year, however the members deal with incidents as and when they come across it too. Incoming calls are dispatched to local Shomrim volunteers via two-way radios. While police figures previously showed Stamford Hill to have the lowest crime rate in the borough of Hackney, the presence of Shomrim has revealed that crime was being underreported by the largely Yiddish-speaking Hasidic community.
Stamford Hill Shomrim proactively patrol and operate in North & East London primarily but not exclusively, typically in the N16 E5 and N15 postcodes, generally referred to as Stamford Hill, Upper Clapton and South Tottenham, which includes these wards (wholly or partly) in Hackney & Haringey: Brownswood, Stoke Newington Central, Stamford Hill West, Woodbury Down (formerly Lordship & New River), Springfield, Cazenove, Leabridge, Hackney Downs, Seven Sisters and St. Ann's. On many occasions, especially during searches for High Risk Missing People, Stamford Hill Shomrim members would patrol out of these boundaries.
Stamford Hill Shomrim is currently headed by three Trustees, a Discipline Committee and an Executive Committee elected by its members. Rabbi Kurt Stern MBE and Isaac Kornbluh who are both members of the Hackney Police Independent Advisory Group, act as liaisons between Shomrim and the police. In 2012, Joe Lobenstein MBE, formerly elected Mayor of Hackney on 4 consecutive elections, was appointed as President of Stamford Hill Shomrim. After Joe Lobenstein died on 28 June 2015, aged 88, Rabbi Herschel Gluck OBE was appointed as the new President of Stamford Hill Shomrim. Shomrim is registered with the Charity Commission and with Neighbourhood Watch as 'Community Safety Patrol'.
In 2013, after the murder of the soldier Lee Rigby, and an increase in hate crimes against the wider Muslim community, Stamford Hill Shomrim offered to help the local Muslim community and keep a watchful eye on local mosques and Muslim community centres, which was gratefully welcomed by the North London Muslim community as stated by Eusoof Amerat, a Muslim community advocate in Hackney and commended by the Hackney Police Borough Commander. Shomrim also advised the North London Muslim Community Centre on security issues, according to centre chairman Munaf Zeena.
Shomrim's offer to the Muslim community was included in the 2013 annual report on International Religious Freedom and recognised by the US Secretary of State John Kerry in his speech when publishing this report, saying "in London, an Orthodox Jewish neighborhood watch team helped Muslim leaders protect their mosque and prevent future attacks". He continued by saying "they will not receive prizes; they may not ever receive recognition. Their courage goes unremarked, but that makes it all the more remarkable . . . Believe me, that's the definition of courage". In November 2014, Ambassador Samantha Power mentioned Shomrim's offer in her speech at the 10th Anniversary of the OSCE's Berlin Conference on Anti-Semitism,
Stamford Hill Shomrim have on many occasions received public praise from the higher ranks, as on one occasion by Metropolitan Police Superintendent David Grainger after a successful double arrest for burglary on the vulnerable, and have been lauded by Deputy Mayor for Policing and Crime Stephen Greenhalgh. in June 2014 Stamford Hill Shomrim received a formal commendation award from the outgoing Hackney Police Borough Commander - Chief Superintendent Matthew Horne. and on 12 June 2015 Shomrim volunteers were publicly commended for their help in identifying two suspects who slashed tyres of lots of vehicles in Stamford Hill area. On 05th of Feb 2015 Metropolitan Police Deputy Commissioner Craig Mackey QPM attended a Shomrim event as guest of honour and spoke highly of the work Shomrim do. This event was also attended by the then Minister for Justice Simon Hughes MP.
In August 2014, Stamford Hill Shomrim organised its first annual Community Engagement Event where an estimated six thousand people participated, for advice on crime prevention and bike marking. In July 2015 Shomrim held a similar event where Senior members of Scotland Yard’s police force attended including the Deputy Mayor for Policing and Crime Stephen Greenhalgh and Met Police Deputy Assistant Commissioner Helen Ball alongside Hackney borough commander Chief Supt Simon Lawrence. This is now a planned annual event.
As well as helping the community and Police with catching offenders and reducing general crime in the area, Shomrim were singled out for their help in bring offenders of anti-Semitic crime to justice, with the Hackney Police Borough Commander quoted as saying that 27% of anti-Semitic perpetrators in Hackney are caught and charged or cautioned and "Shomrim have played a huge part in that by alerting us of crimes and providing evidence to bring offenders to justice".
Shomrim London NW
Shomrim London North West Community Patrol operates in the London Borough of Barnet. It was founded by Gary Ost in 2008 as a registered charity which operates as "mobile neighborhood watch" and acts as eyes and ears to the local Community and the Metropolitan Police. Volunteer Patrol members patrol the streets of Golders Green, Childs Hill, Hendon, Finchley and Temple Fortune whereby members report crime to the Metropolitan Police. At least 2 vehicles patrol the area every night.
Shomrim London NW operate a 24-hour emergency response team which will dispatch units to a scene of an emergency and will liaise with the other responding emergency services. Volunteers are in radio contact, and dispatched via a central dispatcher.
Shomrim London NW has the capability to deal with various scenarios including the locating of missing persons and protocols are in place for full-scale searches with Stamford Hill Shomrim & North West London Shomrim working in partnership. All volunteers have completed training from the Metropolitan Police Counter Terrorism Command (SO15) in assisting to identify potential security threats and suspicious activity.
The Jewish Rabbinate in London have thanked Shomrim London NW for the dedication of its volunteers and for providing a valuable service in enhancing the quality of life within the Jewish neighborhood. Shomrim London NW also acts as a liaison between the North West London community and the Metropolitan Police.
Ost, chief executive of Shomrim North-West London feels that reporting rates have increased in Barnet due to Shomrim's presence there and their work became doubly important during the London riots in July 2011
In popular culture
- In the short-lived television series Brooklyn South Theodore Bikel guest-starred as Solomon Shuyler, a Shomrim volunteer and organizer.
- In the 2013 film Fading Gigolo, written and directed by John Turturro, Liev Schreiber portrays a volunteer in the Williamsburg Shomrim.
- Civil Guard (Israel)
- Mishmeret Yesha
- Neighborhood watch US
- Neighbourhood watch UK
- Private security
- Town watch
- Police, Metropolitan. "John Vanner jailed for four years - Metropolitan Police Service". met.police.uk. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Most Wanted Burglar Sentenced". londonshomrim.com. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- Gardiner, Sean; Fox, Alison (15 July 2011). "Civilian Patrol, Not Police, Was Family's First Call". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
- "Member of Baltimore Shomrim Accused of Striking a Black Teenager". Baltimore Sun. matzav.com. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- Lieberman, Steve (June 17, 2011). "Girl's water balloon toss leads to fracas, arrests in Spring Valley". Journal News.
- Feuer, Alan. "Brooklyn’s Private Jewish Patrols Wield Power. Some Call Them Bullies." The New York Times, June 17, 2016.
- Kilgannon, Corey (15 July 2011). "For Hasidim, First Call for Help Often Isn't to 911". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
- Fenton, Justin (30 November 2009). "A Citizens Patrol Informed By Faith". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
- Rosen, Robyn (17 June 2011). "Meet London's strictly Orthodox crime busters". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 16 August 2011.
- "Shomrim Stamford Hill - North London". londonshomrim.com. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- Kinder, Tabby (3 June 2014). "On Patrol with North London's Crime-Fighting Orthodox Jews". Vice Media. Retrieved 1 August 2015.
- Hooper, Simon. "Jews help guard UK mosques after attacks". aljazeera.com. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- Winston, Hella (16 August 2013). "Tragedy In Borough Park Puts Shomrim Under Scrutiny". Jewish Week. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
- Heller, Jordan (10 February 2009). "Jewish street patrols curb crime – and generate controversy". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- Pinto, Nick (September 7, 2011). "The Shomrim: Gotham's Crusaders". The Village Voice.
- "Miami-Dade Shmira Patrol". Miami-Dade Shmira Patrol. Archived from the original on 28 August 2011. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- "Waterbury Shomrim". Retrieved 9 August 2011.[permanent dead link]
- "About Us". londonshomrim.com. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Justice on London's Streets, The Jewish Way". The Independent. matzav.com. 5 January 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- Dean, by Jon. "Police hail Stamfrod Hill's Jewish safety patrol's role in arrests". hackneygazette.co.uk. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "On Patrol with North London's Orthodox Jewish Crime Fighters - VICE - United States". vice.com. 3 June 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- Kilgannon, Corey (3 September 2010). "In Protecting Hasidic Neighborhoods, Squads Patrol Without Guns or Badges". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- Alper, Alex (27 October 2010). "Jewish Patrol Still Controversial in Crown Heights". The Brooklyn Ink. Columbia Graduate School of Journalism. Archived from the original on 21 December 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2011.
- "Helicopter Visit". londonshomrim.com. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- Chafets, Ze'ev (1988). Members of the Tribe: On the road in Jewish America. Bantam Books. p. 151. ISBN 0-553-05308-6.
- Lurie, Bea (March–April 1997). "Restoring Order: Community Residents Lead the Way to Safer Neighborhoods". Shelterforce. National Housing Institute. Archived from the original on 1997-07-11. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- "This is an Emergency!: An interview with Chaim Deutsch of Flatbush Shomrim Safety Patrol", Binah Bunch, 4 February 2008, pp. 14–15.
- "UPDATE: Shomrim, Chaverim, Join Search For Missing Great Neck Man". Yeshiva World News. 6 October 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- "Thief Breaks into Flatbush Shul". New York Post. matzav.com. 1 September 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- "Brooklyn, NY – Williamsburg Shomrim Apprehends Tire Thieves". New York Police Department. 24 April 2011. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- "Shomrim Nab Marine Park Shul Vandals". matzav.com. 2 February 2011. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- Berger, Joseph (16 February 1996). "Hasidic Volunteers Help Find Suspect in Beating". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- Alpert, Yair (16 May 2011). "Hat and Jacket Thief Apprehended at Ponovezh Yeshiva". matzav.com. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- "Three Suspects Arrested In Golders Green For Anti-Semitic Attacks". Yeshiva World News. 24 June 2011. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- Associated Press (3 September 2010). "4 Jewish Patrol Members Shot In Borough Park". WPIX. Archived from the original on 5 October 2011. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- Yaniv, Oren. "David Flores acquitted of attempted murder charge in brawl with Shomrim neighborhood patrol volunteers". http://www.nydailynews.com. New York Daily News. Retrieved 9 February 2015. External link in
- "Boro Park Shomrim to Receive Bullet-Proof Vests Following Shooting". matzav.com. 6 September 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- Wenger, Yvonne (June 17, 2012). "Three years of probation, no prison in Werdesheim case". Baltimore Sun.
- Police, Metropolitan. "MPS officers were proud to be part of a Community Safety Day in Hackney - Metropolitan Police Service". met.police.uk. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "The Official Boro Park Shomrim Website » Bike Registration". bpshomrim.org. Archived from the original on 23 March 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Shomrim Bike Registration". hamodia.com. 11 June 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Photo Essay: Williamsburg Shomrim Bike Registration (Photos By JDN)". theyeshivaworld.com. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Shomrim's Bike Registration a Major Success • CrownHeights.info - Chabad News, Crown Heights News, Lubavitch News". crownheights.info. 14 May 2006. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "TONIGHT – Flatbush Shomrim Bike Registration Program". theyeshivaworld.com. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- Medzini, Ronen (11 August 2011). "Jewish 'Guardians' Keep London Streets Safe: As riots escalate and with police caught unprepared, Jewish volunteers take to northwest London streets to defend their neighborhoods". Ynetnews. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
- Frankfurter, Rabbi Yitzchok (3 August 2011). "Q&A With Simcha Bernath, Coordinator and Police Liaison of Borough Park's Shomrim". AMI Magazine. pp. 24–25. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
- "Commendation". londonshomrim.com. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Baltimore Shomrim Member Gets Award From San Francisco Cops". typepad.com. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "VIDEO & PHOTOS: Shomrim Receive Award From Brooklyn DA". theyeshivaworld.com. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Five Shomrim Volunteers Honored by the NYPD • CrownHeights.info - Chabad News, Crown Heights News, Lubavitch News". crownheights.info. 21 February 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Police Fear for Jewish Patrol in Stamford Hill". BBC News. 24 January 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- "Law Enforcement Officials and Community Leaders Honored At N. London Shomrim Dinner". theyeshivaworld.com. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "On Patrol with North London's Crime-Fighting Orthodox Jews - VICE - United Kingdom". vice.com. 3 June 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "A Look Inside Brooklyn's Shomrim Patrol". CBS New York. 17 July 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2011.
- Hayes, Cathy (23 July 2011). "Irish American cop cracked murder of 8-year-old Brooklyn boy Leiby Kletzky". IrishCentral. Retrieved 23 July 2011.
- Tannenbaum, Rabbi Gershon (20 July 2011). "Leiby Kletzky (2002–2011)". The Jewish Press. Archived from the original on 12 August 2011. Retrieved 21 July 2011.
- Whiehouse, Kaja and Jaeger, Max (March 16, 2017) "Judge Goes Easy on Shomrim Leader who Bribed Cops for Gun Permits", New York Post
- Baker, Al (May 11, 2018) "Brooklyn Safety Patrol Leader Is Charged in Sex Abuse of Teen", New York Times
- Blau, Reuven (May 16, 2018) "Treasurer for Brooklyn Assemblyman Hopeful’s Campaign Steps Down Amid Child Rape Accusations", New York Daily News
- "NY Post Article About Flatbush Shomrim's $250,000 New Mobile Command Center". New York Post. Yeshiva World News. 25 May 2009. Retrieved 31 July 2011.
- Morales, Monica (7 July 2011). "PIX11 Rides Along With Shomrim Civilian Guard". WPIX. Archived from the original on 5 October 2011. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- Hasidic Man Found Guilty of Gang Assault in Beating of Black Student in Brooklyn
- Gecan, Alex N. (July 2, 2016) "Inside Lakewood's Controversial Watch Group", Asbury Park Press
- Burstyn, Rochel. "Meet LCSW". Binyan, June 25, 2015, pp. 8-9.
- "NMB Shmira (Shomrim)". manta.com. 2011. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
- "LA Shmira: A New Kind of Citizen's Patrol". The Yeshiva World.
- "On Patrol with North London's Crime-Fighting Orthodox Jews - VICE - United Kingdom". vice.com. 3 June 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Annual Review Apr 14". londonshomrim.com. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Charity framework". charitycommission.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "The Prince of Wales celebrates the 75th anniversary of the Kindertransport". princeofwales.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "YouTube". youtube.com. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Dei'ah veDibur - Information & Insight - NEWS". chareidi.org. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Joe Lobenstein, Hackney councillor - obituary". telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Joe Lobenstein MBE: Diane Abbott leads tributes to Orthodox Jewish". standard.co.uk. 28 June 2015. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Rise in anti-Semitic crime in London's largest Jewish community". standard.co.uk. 30 December 2015. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Neighbourhood Watch UK". ourwatch.org.uk. Retrieved 8 August 2016.[permanent dead link]
- "Woolwich murder sparks anti-Muslim backlash". BBC News. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- Mohammed, Syma. "Jewish community patrol group pledges to protect Stoke Newington mosque". hackneygazette.co.uk. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- UK, Jessica Elgot Jessica Elgot is Assistant News Editor at The Huffington Post (24 June 2013). "Jewish Group Offers Protection To North London Mosques". huffingtonpost.co.uk. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Hackney Borough Police Commander commends Jewish patrol of local Mosque - Hackney Hive". hackneyhive.co.uk. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Remarks at the Rollout of the 2013 Report on International Religious Freedom". state.gov. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Crime-fighting London Jews claim model for Muslim cooperation". yahoo.com. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 January 2015. Retrieved 18 January 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Shomrim Stamford Hill (14 July 2015). "US Ambassador to the UN - Samantha Power - Praising Shomrim at OSCE Conference". Retrieved 8 August 2016 – via YouTube.
- Bartholomew, Emma. "Burglars who targeted Hackney old people's home are jailed". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- Shomrim (Stamford Hill) North and East London [@Shomrim] (23 June 2014). "An honour for #Shomrim to receive a commendation from the outgoing @MPSHackney Borough Commander Matthew Horne" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Shomrim Stamford Hill (12 June 2015). "Shomrim commended at Hackney Awards Ceremony". Retrieved 8 August 2016 – via YouTube.
- "Two charged over anti-Semitic tyre slashing spree in Stamford Hill". standard.co.uk. 19 November 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- Shomrim Stamford Hill (17 June 2015). "Metropolitan Police Deputy Commissioner - Craig Mackey QPM - Congratulates work of Shomrim". Retrieved 8 August 2016 – via YouTube.
- Shomrim Stamford Hill (17 June 2015). "Minister for Justice - Simon Hughes MP - thanks Shomrim (Feb 2015)". Retrieved 8 August 2016 – via YouTube.
- Al-Jawad, Faris (11 August 2014). "Thousands attend Shomrim crime prevention open day". hackneycitizen.co.uk. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- Mortimer, Caroline. "Thousands turn out for Jewish police fun day in Stamford Hill". hackneygazette.co.uk. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- Citizen, Hackney (31 July 2015). "Riotous fun as Shomrim joins forces with Met for police Open Day". hackneycitizen.co.uk. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Police visit to support Hackney Jewish neighbourhood watch scheme". standard.co.uk. 27 July 2015. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- Tute, Ryan. "Anti-Semitic hate crimes rise by a massive 87 per cent in Hackney". hackneygazette.co.uk. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 August 2013. Retrieved 13 August 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Meet London's strictly Orthodox crime busters". thejc.com.
- "Shomrim NWCP Save Mother & Daughter from a Man Wielding Knife". The Yeshiva World.
- Rosell, Dina (April 11, 2011). "Shomrim London NW Comes to Rescue of Missing Child". The Yeshiva World. Jewish Tribune (UK). Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- "PHOTOS: Shomrim London NW Hold Annual Chanukah Event – Large Number Of Senior Police Officials Attend". The Yeshiva World.
- Kate Jenkinson. "Police inspector rewarded during Chanukah event in Hendon". Times Series.
- "London - Shomrim Keep Order in Golders Green and Stamford Hill Amidst Riots". vosizneias.com.
- Chung, Jen (13 November 2012). "Photos: Liev Schreiber As Williamsburg Shomrim Officer, Woody Allen As A Pimp". Gothamist. Archived from the original on 22 April 2015. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
- Matthew Shaer, Among Righteous Men: A Tale of Vigilantes and Vindication in Hasidic Crown Heights, Wiley (25 October 2011), hardcover, 256 pages, ISBN 0470608277, ISBN 978-0470608272
- "Vigilante Justice and the Jews: Baltimore Conviction Puts Shomrim in Spotlight" article by Matthew Shaer, The Jewish Daily Forward 13 May 2012, issue of 18 May 2012