is a major issue in India.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
' as those who do not live in a regular residence due to lack of adequate housing, safety, and availability. India
defines 'homeless' as those who do not live in Census
houses, but rather stay on pavements, roadsides, railway platforms, staircases, temples, streets, in pipes, or other open spaces. There are 1.77 million homeless people in India, or 0.15% of the country's total population, according to the 2011 census consisting of single men, women, mothers, the elderly, and the disabled. Furthermore, there is a high proportion of mentally ill and street children in the homeless population. There are 18 million street children in India, the largest number of any country in the world, with 11 million being urban. Finally, more than three million men and women are homeless in India's capital city of New Delhi
; the same population in Canada
would make up approximately 30 electoral districts
. A family of four members has an average of five homeless generations in India.
There is a shortage of 18.78 million houses in the country. Total number of houses has increased from 52.06 million to 78.48 million (as per 2011 census). However, the country still ranks as the 124th wealthiest country in the world as of 2003. More than 90 million people in India make less than $1 USD per day, thus setting them below the global poverty threshold
. The ability of the Government of India
to tackle urban homelessness and poverty
may be affected in the future by both external and internal factors. The number of people living in slums in India has more than doubled in the past two decades and now exceeds the entire population of Britain, the Indian Government has announced. About 78 million people in India live in slums
and tenements. 17% of the world's slum dwellers reside in India. Prior to the release of Slumdog Millionaire
in 2008, Mumbai
was a slum tourist destination for slumming where homeless people and slum dwellers alike could be openly viewed by tourists. Read more...