Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres. It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the continent of Europe and the continental landmass of Afro-Eurasia with both Europe and Africa. Asia covers an area of 44,579,000 square kilometres (17,212,000 sq mi), about 30% of Earth's total land area and 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area. The continent, which has long been home to the majority of the human population, was the site of many of the first civilizations. Asia is notable for not only its overall large size and population, but also dense and large settlements, as well as vast barely populated regions. Its 4.5 billion people () constitute roughly 60% of the world's population.
In general terms, Asia is bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the south by the Indian Ocean, and on the north by the Arctic Ocean. The border of Asia with Europe is a historical and cultural construct, as there is no clear physical and geographical separation between them. It is somewhat arbitrary and has moved since its first conception in classical antiquity. The division of Eurasia into two continents reflects East–West cultural, linguistic, and ethnic differences, some of which vary on a spectrum rather than with a sharp dividing line. The most commonly accepted boundaries place Asia to the east of the Suez Canal separating it from Africa; and to the east of the Turkish Straits, the Ural Mountains and Ural River, and to the south of the Caucasus Mountains and the Caspian and Black Seas, separating it from Europe.
China and India alternated in being the largest economies in the world from 1 to 1800 CE. China was a major economic power and attracted many to the east, and for many the legendary wealth and prosperity of the ancient culture of India personified Asia, attracting European commerce, exploration and colonialism. The accidental discovery of a trans-Atlantic route from Europe to America by Columbus while in search for a route to India demonstrates this deep fascination. The Silk Road became the main east–west trading route in the Asian hinterlands while the Straits of Malacca stood as a major sea route. Asia has exhibited economic dynamism (particularly East Asia) as well as robust population growth during the 20th century, but overall population growth has since fallen. Asia was the birthplace of most of the world's mainstream religions including Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Jainism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Christianity, Islam, Sikhism, as well as many other religions.
Cambodia (; also Kampuchea ; Khmer: កម្ពុជា [kam.pu.ciə]; French: Cambodge), officially the Kingdom of Cambodia (Khmer: ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə, IPA: [prĕəh riə.ciə.naː.caʔ kam.pu.ciə]; French: Royaume du Cambodge), is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is 181,035 square kilometres (69,898 square miles) in area, bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest.
The sovereign state
of Cambodia has a population of over 15 million. Buddhism
is enshrined in the constitution as the official state religion
, and is practised by more than 97% of the population. Cambodia's minority groups include Vietnamese
and 30 hill tribes
. The capital and largest city is Phnom Penh
, the political, economic and cultural centre of Cambodia. The kingdom is an elective constitutional monarchy
with a monarch
, currently Norodom Sihamoni
, chosen by the Royal Council of the Throne
as head of state
. The head of government
is the Prime Minister
, currently Hun Sen
, the longest serving non-royal leader
in Southeast Asia, ruling Cambodia since 1985. Read more...
Hasekura's portrait during his mission in Rome in 1615 by Claude Deruet
Hasekura Rokuemon Tsunenaga (or Philip Francis Faxicura, baptized as Francisco Felipe Faxicura, in Spain, also spelled Faxecura Rocuyemon in period European sources, reflecting the contemporary pronunciation of Japanese; Japanese: 支倉六右衛門常長; 1571–1622) was a kirishitan Japanese samurai and retainer of Date Masamune, the daimyō of Sendai of Japanese imperial descent with ancestral ties to Emperor Kanmu.
In the years 1613 through 1620, Hasekura headed a diplomatic mission to Pope Paul V
. Crossing the Pacific aboard the San Juan Bautista
, a ship built for the purpose by Masamune
, Hasekura transited New Spain
(arriving in Acapulco
and departing from Veracruz
) and visited Spain
and various other ports-of-call in Europe on the way. This historic mission is called the Keichō
), and follows the Tenshō embassy
) of 1582. On the return trip, Hasekura and his companions re-traced their route across New Spain in 1619, sailing from Acapulco for Manila
, and then sailing north to Japan in 1620. He is conventionally considered the first Japanese ambassador in the Americas and in Spain. Read more...
In the news
Karnataka (ISO: Karnāṭaka, Kannada pronunciation: [kɐnaːʈɐka]) is a state in the south western region of India. It is the largest state in South India and seventh largest in India. It was formed on 1 November 1956, with the passage of the States Reorganisation Act. Originally known as the State of Mysore, it was renamed Karnataka in 1973. The state corresponds to the Carnatic region. The capital and largest city is Bangalore.
Karnataka is bordered by the Arabian Sea
to the west, Goa
to the northwest, Maharashtra
to the north, Telangana
to the northeast, Andhra Pradesh
to the east, Tamil Nadu
to the southeast, and Kerala
to the south. It is the only southern state to have land borders with all of the other 4 southern Indian sister states. The state covers an area of 191,976 square kilometres (74,122 sq mi), or 5.83 percent of the total geographical area of India. It is the sixth largest Indian state by area
. With 61,130,704 inhabitants at the 2011 census, Karnataka is the eighth largest state by population
, comprising 30 districts
, one of the classical languages
of India, is the most widely spoken and official language of the state. Other minority languages spoken include Urdu
. Karnataka also contains some of the only villages in India where Sanskrit is primarily spoken
. Read more...
Did you know...
- ... that the United States was ordered by the World Court to lift some sanctions against Iran over humanitarian concerns?
- ... that Peng Shilu, the "father of China's nuclear submarines", was jailed at age eight?
- ... that the Israeli actor Topol, who won a Golden Globe for his performance as Tevye in the 1971 film Fiddler on the Roof, played the role in shows and revivals about 3,500 times?
- ... that the Indonesian Declaration of Independence was drafted in the home of Japanese rear admiral Tadashi Maeda?
- ... that engraver Abraham Goos and merchant Jacob ben Abraham Zaddiq were responsible for the first map of the Holy Land printed in Hebrew?
- ... that to ensure the loyalty of Queen Fatuma, a client ruler of Zanzibar, Omani forces kept a cannon trained on her palace?
- ... that Fang Renqiu was a member of the first national football team of the People's Republic of China and later coached the national team?
- ... that Chun Chik-yu, a descendant of Hawaiian chiefs, served as governor of Guangdong province in China?
- ... that the fiery-browed starling, found only on Sulawesi in Indonesia, forms mixed flocks with the Sulawesi myna and grosbeak starling?
- ... that although the 2018 release Hamari Paltan was promoted as the last film of veteran Indian actor Tom Alter, another one featuring him premiered later that same year?
Updated: 10:33, 25 June 2020
The following are images from various Asia-related articles on Wikipedia.
The Russian Znamensky Cathedral in Tyumen built in 1768
Here a Jesuit, Adam Schall von Bell (1592–1666), is dressed as an official of the Chinese Department of Astronomy.
Contemporary political map of Asia
Sun temple at Konarka, Odisha
Map of Asia for early 20th century
The Taj Mahal, Agra, India
Language families in South Asia
A Confucian ritual ceremony in Jeju, South Korea
Detail of Chinese silk from the 4th century BCE. The characteristic trade of silk through the Silk Road connected various regions from China, India, Central Asia, and the Middle East to Europe and Africa.
Daian-ji temple at Nara, Japan
Population concentration and boundaries of the Western Zhou dynasty in China
Map of Marco Polo's travels
Byzantine and Sassanian Empires in 600 AD
The third Inter-Korean Summit, which was held in 2018, between South Korean president Moon Jae-in and North Korean supreme leader Kim Jong-un. It was a historical event that symbolized the peace of Asia.
The Qing Empire in 1820, marked the time when the Qing began to rule these areas.
Korean peninsula in 476 AD. There are three kingdoms and Gaya Union in the picture. This picture shows the heyday of Goguryeo
Chicken tikka, a well-known dish across the globe, reflects the amalgamation of South Asian cooking styles with those from Central Asia.
East Asian cultural sphere
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