Oak Street Bridge

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Oak Street Bridge
Oak Street Bridge.jpg
Coordinates49°11′59″N 123°07′32″W / 49.199857°N 123.125657°W / 49.199857; -123.125657Coordinates: 49°11′59″N 123°07′32″W / 49.199857°N 123.125657°W / 49.199857; -123.125657
CarriesFour lanes of British Columbia Highway 99, pedestrians and bicycles
CrossesNorth Arm Fraser River
LocaleVancouver
Richmond
Maintained byBritish Columbia Ministry of Transportation
Preceded byMarpole Bridge (first)
Characteristics
Designgirder bridge
History
Opened1957

The Oak Street Bridge is a four-lane bridge crossing the Fraser River connecting Vancouver to Richmond in British Columbia. The structure is 1,840 metres long with the main spans made of heavy steel deck plate girders continuous over three spans of 60.9, 91.4 and 60.9 metres. The cost to construct the bridge was about $9 million and is the last part of Highway 99 that is freeway standard as after Highway 99 enters Vancouver, it joins the surface street grid. When it opened it averaged crossings of 18,000 cars per day; in the year 2000 it had a daily average of 85,000 cars.[1]

History[edit]

The Oak Street Bridge opened in June 1957. During the planning, it was the New Marpole Bridge and steel plate girders salvaged from the second Granville Street Bridge made barges for constructing the foundations of the Oak Street Bridge.

After the bridge opened, traffic began to move several blocks to the east. The business districts along Hudson Street and Marine Drive went into a swift decline.

Tolls were charged for two years and $1 million was collected in the last year. Tolls were removed from all of the bridges in the Lower Mainland in the 1960s, although the new Golden Ears and Port Mann bridges utilized electronic tolling systems from 2009 to 2017.

The Oak Street Bridge was meant to partially replace the Marpole Bridge, just to the west, connecting Vancouver to Sea Island, on which the Vancouver International Airport is located. The Marpole Bridge was dismantled the same year the Oak Street Bridge opened.[2]

In 1995 two lanes of the bridge were closed alternately for resurfacing the concrete deck. A median barrier and higher curbs were also installed, and its earthquake resistance was enhanced.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Frontier to Freeway" (PDF). Retrieved April 6, 2017.
  2. ^ "City of Richmond BC - Bridges and Baby Boomers". www.richmond.ca. Retrieved 2017-04-06.
  3. ^ Hamersley, B.; Jennings, D. "OAK STREET BRIDGE DECK REHABILITATION". ISBN 15518710.