Caverne de la Naulette
|Location||near Dinant, Province of Namur|
Contrary to earlier human fossil discoveries, such as the Neanderthal 1 remains in Germany, which could not be traced back to its contextual origin the Naulette fossil's antiquity was quickly confirmed as it was recorded in a precise stratigraphic context and could be compared and associated with remains of large, extinct prehistoric mammals, mammoth, rhinoceros and reindeer unearthed from the same sediment layer. French anthropologist Paul Broca wrote, that the discovery constitutes "the first event providing Darwinists with anatomical evidence. It is the first link in the chain which, according to them, extends from man to the apes".
The mandible exhibits certain peculiarities, is of a very ape-like type in its extreme projection and that of the teeth sockets (the teeth themselves are lost), suggesting very strong canines and large molars that increase in size backwards. The Naulette Man is now considered to be a Neanderthal assigned to the Mousterian culture.
- "Caverne de la Naulette - coupe schématique du remplissage... Figure 1 of 4". researchgate. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- Goodrum, Matthew R. (2014). "Crafting a New Science: Defining Paleoanthropology and Its Relationship to Prehistoric Archaeology, 1860–1890". Isis. 105 (4): 706–33. doi:10.1086/679420. JSTOR 10.1086/679420.
- "Neandertal Studies in Belgium: 2000–2005". PERIODICUM BIOLOGORUM. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- Stephen R. Holtzman. "Early Research on Pleistocene Races in Europe: Putting Neandertal Man's Head Together" (PDF). Digitalassets.lib.berkeley.edu. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- "Anthropology and Prehistory: Overview". naturalsciences.be. Retrieved January 23, 2017.
See Gabriel de Mortillet, Le Préhistorique (1900); E Dupont, Étude sur les fouilles scientifiques exécutées pendant l'hiver (1865-1866), p. 21.