Mukah

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Mukah
Other transcription(s)
 • Chinese沐胶
The Batang Mukah Bridge, one of the most notable structures of Mukah.
The Batang Mukah Bridge, one of the most notable structures of Mukah.
Official logo of Mukah
Towns of Sarawak
Nickname(s): 
The Melanau Heartland
Mukah is located in Malaysia
Mukah
Mukah
Location in Malaysia
Coordinates: 2°53′46″N 112°4′43″E / 2.89611°N 112.07861°E / 2.89611; 112.07861
Division Office locationMukah
Local area government (s)Majlis Daerah Dalat & Mukah (MDDM)
Area
 • Total7,916.33 km2 (3,056.51 sq mi)
Population
((District), 2010[1])
 • Total43,284
 • Density5.5/km2 (14/sq mi)
ResidentAwang Johari Bin Awang Mustapha
WalikotaKr. Abdul Yakub bin Haji Arbi
NicknameThe Melanau Heartland
Websitewww.mukah.sarawak.gov.my

Mukah is a coastal town which serves as the administrative center of the Mukah District (2,536 square kilometres) in Mukah Division, Sarawak, Malaysia. It is located by the South China Sea, about 2 hours by road from the city of Sibu. Mukah is also accessible by air by MASwings from Kuching and Miri. The duration of both flights is about one hour. There are also speed boats connecting the town of Dalat (about 30 kilometres from Mukah) to Sibu. The speed boat trip takes approximately 2 hours.

Masjid Setia Raja, Mukah

Etymology[edit]

There are several versions of the origin of the name "Mukah". The word "Mukah" is similar to the Malay word "muka" which means face. It was said that the town was name after the face of a mysterious beautiful woman who helped three shipwreck merchants from Brunei. Another version was that a beautiful face appeared on the surface on the sea to fishermen. However, these does not explain on why the town adopted a Malay name instead of a Melanau name as the majority of the population here are the Melanau people. The Melanau name of a face is "jawai".[2]

Mukah town has statues of Ikan Merah (Red Snapper) and Udang (Prawn) that reflect the importance of the fishery industry to the town.[2]

History[edit]

The Melanau people is the earliest indigenous group living in Mukah.The earliest documentation of Mukah can be found in the annals of the Majapahit empire where a place known as "Melano" was paying tribute to the empire. The place was then became part of the Bruneian Empire in the 13th century. Mukah was later sold to the Kingdom of Sarawak in 1860.[3]

In November 1862, James Brooke rescued several civilians from the Moro Pirates after a pitched naval battle off the coast of Mukah. During the fighting, Brooke's steamer named Rainbow sank four prahus and damaged one other with cannon fire. Over 100 pirates were killed or wounded in the engagement while Brooke, the bishop Francis McDougall and their Sarawakian followers, were mostly unscathed.[4]

Government[edit]

Mukah and Dalat District Office is the governing body of the Mukah and Dalat districts, including the towns. The district office was established in 1947 as Native Local Authority (NLA). The district office then expands it power to Dalat, Oya, Balingian in 1981.[5]

Geography and climate[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Population of Mukah by Ethnic Group

In 2010, Mukah District had a population of 43,284.[1]

Economy[edit]

Sago processing and fishing are the two main economic activities in Mukah.[3]

Since 2008, Mukah is the economic centre of Sarawak Corridor of Renewable Energy (SCORE).[6][7] Press Metal Sdn Bhd built its first aluminium smelting plant in Mukah in 2009.[8]

Transport[edit]

Air[edit]

In term of air connectivity, Mukah is served by Mukah Airport (STOLport).[9] Mukah airport is only able to accommodate an 18-seater Twin-Otter aircraft. The airport operates routes to Kuching and Miri.[10] An effort has been made to upgrade the Mukah airport.[11]

Road[edit]

Mukah is linked to Selangau through the Mukah-Selangau road and to Bintulu through Mukah-Kuala Tatau road.[12][13]

Other utilities[edit]

Education[edit]

Mukah Polytechnic

UiTM Sarawak Mukah campus was started in December 2002 in order train enough manpower for Sarawak Corridor of Renewable Energy (SCORE). Its campus is located at 7.5 km away from the town centre. Among the courese offered were: Diploma in Business Studies, Diploma in Banking Studies, and Diploma in Plantation Management.[14] Politeknik Mukah was founded in 2004. I offers courses such as civil engineering, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and information and communication technology (ICT).[15]

Maktab Rendah Sains MARA (MRSM) Mukah was opened in 2010. It is a boarding school to provide good quality education for selected secondary school students.[16] SMK Three Rivers was established in 1961 to serve the education needs of the people living in the Mukah, Oya, and Balingian river basins.[17] SMK St. Patrick was established in 1905.[18] SMK Mukah was opened in 1999.[19]

Culture and leisure[edit]

Lamin Dana cultural Lounge is located in Kampung Tellian. It is a place where the residents of the village showcase their traditional arts, crafts, and authentic Melanau food.[20] A Melanau delicacy named Umai is one of the popular dishes in the town. It is a raw fish salad served with sago pellets.[21] Sago is the staple food for the Melanau people. They usually takes sago together with fish, Sambal, and Ulam.[3]

Mukah Kaul festival is held at the third week of April every year. It was a traditional ritual by the Melanau people for thanksgiving and continuation of good fortune by appeasing the spirits of the sea, land, forests, and farms.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Laporan Kiraan Permulaan 2010". Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. p. 35. Archived from the original on 27 December 2010. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Face-to-face with Mukah coastal town". The Borneo Post. 3 July 2015. Archived from the original on 12 September 2018. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  3. ^ a b c Diana, Rose (6 April 2011). "That binding man from Mukah". The Star (Malaysia). Archived from the original on 8 September 2018. Retrieved 6 September 2018.
  4. ^ Harriette, McDougall (1882). "Chapter XVI. Illanun Pirates". Sketches of Our Life at Sarawak. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (Project Canterbury). p. 204. Archived from the original on 5 June 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  5. ^ "Sejarah penubuhan (Founding history)". Majlis Daerah Dalat dan Mukah (Mukah&Dalat District Office). Archived from the original on 13 September 2018. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  6. ^ "Sarawak Corridor of Renewable Energy (SCORE)". Sarawak Manufacturers' Association. Archived from the original on 8 November 2017. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  7. ^ "Mukah, smart city, services hub, and R&D centre". Archived from the original on 7 February 2018. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  8. ^ "Welcome to Press Metal". Press Metal Sdn Bhd. Archived from the original on 3 March 2018. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  9. ^ "Mukah STOLport". Archived from the original on 4 March 2018. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  10. ^ "New airport for Mukah". The Star (Malaysia). 19 December 2009. Archived from the original on 10 September 2018. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  11. ^ Lian, Cheng (1 February 2015). "Fulfilling the wish list of Balingian's constituents". The Borneo Post. Archived from the original on 21 June 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  12. ^ "Vital Link". The Borneo Post. 9 June 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  13. ^ Lian, Cheng (27 March 2014). "Shorter Mukah-Bintulu ride by 2016". The Borneo Post. Archived from the original on 6 August 2018. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  14. ^ it was started by Jimmy Selamat Pagi and Hairul Phew Phew "Campus History" Check |archiveurl= value (help). UiTM Sarawak Mukah Campus. Archived from the original on 5 September 2018. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  15. ^ "Pengenalan (Introduction)". Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia (Malaysian Ministry of Education). Archived from the original on 11 September 2018. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  16. ^ "Sejarah Penubuhan Maktab Rendah Sains Mara Mukah (Founding history of MRSM Mukah)". MRSM Mukah. Archived from the original on 11 September 2018. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  17. ^ Eve, Sonary Heng (2 August 2017). "TYT invited to launch book on Three Rivers School". The Borneo Post. Archived from the original on 11 September 2018. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  18. ^ "Bangunan baharu untuk SMK St Patrick (New building for SMK St Patrick)". Utusan Borneo. 1 June 2016. Archived from the original on 12 September 2018. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  19. ^ "Menaik Taraf Sekolah Luar Bandar Di Sarawak Sentiasa Menjadi Keutamaan (Upgrading rural schools in Sarawak is a priority)". Rakan Sarawak (Friends of Sarawak). October 2001. Archived from the original on 12 September 2018. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  20. ^ "Lamin Dana". Sarawak Tourism Board. Archived from the original on 17 July 2017. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  21. ^ Zora, Chan (23 March 2014). "Umai among Mukah's best known delectable and affordable dishes". The Star (Malaysia). Archived from the original on 8 February 2017. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  22. ^ "Mukah Kaul Festival 2018". Sarawak Tourism Board. Archived from the original on 29 June 2018. Retrieved 8 September 2018.

External links[edit]