List of planned cities
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This is a list of planned cities (sometimes known as planned communities or new towns) by country. Additions to this list should be cities whose overall form (as opposed to individual neighborhoods or expansions) has been determined in large part in advance on a drawing board, or which were planned to a degree which is unusual for their time and place.
- 1 A
- 2 B
- 3 C
- 4 D – F
- 5 G – H
- 6 I
- 6.1 India
- 6.2 Indonesia
- 6.3 Iran
- 6.4 Iraq
- 6.5 Ireland
- 6.6 Israel
- 6.7 Italy
- 6.8 Ivory Coast
- 7 J – L
- 8 M – N
- 9 P
- 10 Q – R
- 11 S
- 11.1 Saudi Arabia
- 11.2 Serbia
- 11.3 Singapore
- 11.4 Slovakia
- 11.5 Slovenia
- 11.6 South Africa
- 11.7 South Korea
- 11.8 Spain
- 11.9 Sweden
- 11.10 Switzerland
- 12 T
- 13 U
- 13.1 Ukraine
- 13.2 United Kingdom
- 13.3 United States
- 13.3.1 New communities built in the Colonial and post-Colonial era
- 13.3.2 New communities built in the 19th century
- 13.3.3 New communities built in the early 20th century
- 13.3.4 New communities built with federal aid in the 1930s and for Defense Housing in Early 1940s
- 13.3.5 Secret cities built as part of the Manhattan Project
- 13.3.6 New communities built privately in the post-World War II era
- 13.3.7 New communities built in the 1960s and 1970s
- 13.3.8 New communities sponsored by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development after 1970
- 13.3.9 New communities built privately in the 1980s and 1990s
- 13.3.10 New communities built privately in the 21st century
- 13.3.11 Unbuilt or under construction planned cities
- 14 V – Z
- 15 References
- Adelaide, South Australia
- Canberra, Australian Capital Territory
- Churchill, Victoria
- Eaglemont, Victoria
- Environa, New South Wales – never built
- Garden City, Victoria
- Griffith, New South Wales
- Inala, Queensland
- Springfield, Queensland
- Joondalup, Western Australia
- Karratha, Western Australia
- Leeton, New South Wales
- Melbourne City Centre, Victoria
- Mildura, Victoria
- Monarto, South Australia – never built
- Multifunction Polis, South Australia – never built
- Palmerston, Northern Territory
- Perth, Western Australia
- Yallourn, Victoria
- Dhanmondi Thana
- Gulshan Thana
- Kawran Bazar
- Mirpur Thana
- Purbachal New Town – under construction
- Uttara Thana
- Água Boa, Mato Grosso
- Águas de São Pedro, São Paulo
- Alta Floresta, Mato Grosso
- Apucarana, Paraná
- Aracaju, Sergipe
- Arapongas, Paraná
- Ariquemes, Rondônia
- Belmonte, Santa Catarina
- Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais – inaugurated in 1897
- Boa Vista, Roraima
- Brasília, Distrito Federal
- Cambé, Paraná
- Cascavel, Paraná
- Cataguases, Minas Gerais – most of the town's central areas were developed according to a plan, though the rest of the town has since grown randomly
- Chapecó, Santa Catarina
- Cianorte, Paraná
- Colíder, Mato Grosso
- Curitiba, Paraná
- Erechim, Rio Grande do Sul
- Fordlândia – a dream of Henry Ford, now abandoned
- Goiânia, Goiás
- Governador Valadares, Minas Gerais (1915)
- Ilha Solteira, São Paulo
- Ipatinga, Minas Gerais
- Loanda, Paraná
- Londrina, Paraná
- Lucas do Rio Verde, Mato Grosso
- Maringá, Paraná
- Naviraí, Mato Grosso do Sul
- Nova Andradina, Mato Grosso do Sul
- Nova Londrina, Paraná
- Nova Mutum, Mato Grosso
- Palmas, Tocantins
- Paragominas, Pará
- Paranavaí, Paraná
- Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro
- Primavera do Leste, Mato Grosso
- Rolândia, Paraná
- Salvador, Bahia
- Sinop, Mato Grosso
- Sorriso, Mato Grosso
- Teresina, Piauí – inaugurated in 1852 from Oeiras
- Toledo, Paraná
- Três Lagoas, Mato Grosso do Sul
- Umuarama, Paraná
- Vilhena, Rondônia
It is a misconception that the planned cities of Eastern Canada are notable, as well as the view that virtually all cities and towns in Western Canada, which were created after the 1870 Dominion Lands Act (the majority of all such cities), were planned. Although most of these were, indeed, railway towns, founded after surveying and planning by the powerful railway companies during construction of the CPRCanada's first transcontinental line or the Canadian National Railroad. But this initial start generally only provided one or two streets with a few lots set out. From this, the cities grew organically.
- Batawa, Ontario
- Bramalea, Ontario – now a part of Brampton
- Broughton, Nova Scotia – failed
- Corner Brook, Newfoundland, Newfoundland and Labrador
- Deep River, Ontario
- Don Mills, Ontario – now a part of Toronto
- Erin Mills – a planned community of Mississauga, Ontario
- Fermont, Quebec
- Gagnon, Quebec
- Grand Falls-Windsor, Newfoundland
- Grande Cache, Alberta,
- Guelph, Ontario
- Kapuskasing, Ontario
- Kitimat, British Columbia
- Mount Royal, Quebec
- New Westminster, British Columbia – designed by Richard Moody of the Royal Engineers to be the capital of the Colony of British Columbia
- Oromocto, New Brunswick
- Pinawa, Manitoba
- Thompson, Manitoba
- Townsend, Ontario – failed
- Tumbler Ridge, British Columbia
- Vaughan, Ontario
- El Salvador – mining city
China, People's Republic
D – F
- Esbjerg – replacing the Slesvig harbour towns lost by Denmark in the 1864 Second Schleswig War
- Fredericia – fortress town
- Herning – cultivation of Central Jutland moorland
- Nordhavn – District of Copenhagen
- Ørestad – District of Copenhagen
- 6th of October - Giza Governarate.
- 10th of Ramadan (city) - Sharqia Governarate.
- 15th of May (city) - Cairo Governarate.
- Ain Sokhna - Suez Governarate.
- Badr - Cairo Governarate.
- Borg El Arab - Alexandria Governarate.
- El Shorouk - Cairo Governarate.
- Ismailia - Ismailia Governarate.
- Madinaty - Cairo governarate.
- New Akhmim - Sohag Governarate.
- New Aswan - Aswan Governarate.
- New Asyut - Asyut Governarate.
- New Beni Suef - Beni Suef Governarate.
- New Borg El Arab - Alexandria Governarate.
- New Cairo - Cairo Governarate.
- New Damietta - Damietta Governarate.
- New Fayum - Fayum Governarate.
- New Nubariya - Beheira Governarate.
- New Qena - Qena Governarate.
- New Salhia - Sharqia Governarate.
- New Tiba - Luxor Governarate.
- Obour (city) - Qalubyia Governarate.
- Port Fuad - Port said Governarate.
- Port Tewfik - Suez Governarate
- Ras El Bar-Damietta Governarate.
- Ras Sedr - South Sinai Governarate.
- Sharm El Sheikh - South Sinai Governarate.
- Sheikh Zayed - Giza Governarate.
- Proposed new capital of Egypt.
- New Alamain.
- New Ismailia.
- El Galala.
- Memphis, Egypt - The oldest planned city in Egypt and its first capital. It was built by king Narmer around 3150 B.C.
- Akhetaten - A city built by order of the Pharaoh Akhenaten in the 14th Century B.C. It was the capital of Egypt in his reign.
- Pithom - A city built by order of the Pharaoh Ramesses II in the 13th Century B.C.
- Pi-Ramesses - Another city built by order of Ramesses II In the 13th Century B.C. It was the capital of Egypt in his reign and it was the first city to exceed 100,000 in the history of Egypt. At its peak, the population of the city was 300,000.
- Heracleion - A city built in the 12th Century B.C. The city had been a major port in ancient Egypt before it subsided below sea level.
- Alexandria - A city built by order of Alexander the Great in the 4th Century B.C. It was the first city in Egypt to have a population of half million.
- Berenice Troglodytica - A city built on the Red Sea coast in the 3rd Century B.C. by Ptolemy I.
- Fustat - A city built around 7th Century CE by order of 'Amr ibn al-'As when he conquered Egypt, to be its capital
- al-Askar - the capital of Egypt during the rule of Tulunide Dynasty.
- al-Qata'i - Capital of Egypt during Ikhshid Dynasty.
- Cairo - was built in 10th Century CE By the Fatimid Caliph Al Muizz.
- Hautepierre, a district within Strasbourg
- La Grande-Motte
- Near Lille:
- Near Lyon:
- Near Marseille:
- Neuf-Brisach, Alsace
- Near Paris:
- Near Rouen:
- Royal Saltworks at Arc-et-Senans, Franche-Comté
- Le Touquet
G – H
- Bremerhaven, Bremen
- Eisenhüttenstadt, Brandenburg
- Freudenstadt, Baden-Württemberg
- Glückstadt, Schleswig-Holstein
- Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg
- Ludwigslust, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
- Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg
- Putbus, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
- Salzgitter, Lower Saxony
- Bielefeld-Sennestadt, North Rhine Westphalia
- Welthauptstadt Germania – a renewal of Berlin; never built
- Wilhelmshaven, Lower Saxony
- Wolfsburg, Lower Saxony
- Fanling-Sheung Shui New Town, Fanling Town and Sheung Shui Town
- North East New Territories New Development Area
- North Lantau New Town, Tung Chung
- North West New Territories New Development Area
- Sha Tin New Town, Sha Tin Town and Ma On Shan
- Tai Po New Town, Tai Po Town
- Tin Shui Wai New Town
- Tseung Kwan O New Town
- Tsuen Wan New Town, Tsuen Wan Town and Tsing Yi Town
- Tuen Mun New Town, Tuen Mun Town
- Yuen Long New Town, Yuen Long Town
- Andhra Pradesh
- National Capital Region
- Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh
- Chennai, the Old Madras City was built by the British around 18th century.
- Madurai, Tamil Nadu, built around the Meenakshi Temple in 16th century
- Trichy, Tamil Nadu, Ucchi Pillayar Temple, Rockfort built around 7 century. Tanjavur Bragadiswara temple Rajaraja cholar build in 17th century,
- Srirangam, Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangam, world's largest functioning Hindu temple.
- Hyderabad, built around 16th century.
- Uttar Pradesh
- West Bengal
- Other cities
- Bandung, West Java
- Palangkaraya, Central Kalimantan
- Batam, Riau Islands
- Tanjung Selor, North Kalimantan
- Mamuju (city), West Sulawesi
- Sofifi, North Maluku
- Maja, Banten
- Dompak, Riau Islands
- BSD City, Banten
- Ancient planned cities
- Ardashir-Khwarrah (Gor)
Friuli Venezia Giulia
J – L
- Planned cities
All the cities in Hokkaido are planned cities.
- Ōshū, Iwate
- Historic Monuments and Sites of Hiraizumi
- Sendai/Izumi-ku, Sendai
- Tomiya, Miyagi
- Ōgata, Akita
- Tsukuba, Ibaraki
- Saitama City
- Tokyo City – old palace Edo
- Chiba, Chiba
- Kamakura, Kanagawa
- Kōka, Shiga
- Kyoto – old palace Heian-kyō
- Kyōtanabe, Kyoto
- Nara – old palace Heijō-kyō
- Asuka, Yamato/Asuka-kyō
- Tenri, Nara
- Sakurai, Nara
- Kōryō, Nara
- Kibi Plateau city
- Osaka – Naniwa-kyō
- Sakai, Osaka
- Fukuoka City
- Seaside Momochi
- Dazaifu, Fukuoka/Dazaifu (government)
- Naha, Okinawa
- Shuri, Okinawa
- Planned University Towns, Science Cities
- Tsukuba Science City
- Harima Science Garden City
- Kitakyushu Science and Research Park
- Miyazaki University Town
- New Town
- Near Sapporo
- Sweden Hills
- Eniwa New Town Megumino
- Near Tokyo
- Near Nagoya
- Near Osaka
- Near Hiroshima
M – N
Most Mexican cities founded during the period of New Spain were planned from the beginning. There are historical maps showing the designs of most cities; however, as time passed and the cities grew, the original planning disappeared. A number of tourist cities have recently been built, such as Cancun or Puerto Peñasco; the latest city to be planned in Mexico was Delicias. Some of these cities are:
- General Santos
- Koronadal City
- Manila — Planned according to the Laws of the Indies during the Spanish Colonial Period. Towns and parishes surrounding Spanish Manila (Intramuros) grew following the contour of Pasig River or organically. By the late 19th Century, this town and parishes were absorbed to create the modern-day city of Manila planned by American architect Daniel Burnham. However, his plan was never fully realized because of the outbreak of World War II. There are six circumferential roads and ten radial roads in Metro Manila with the City of Manila as its axis (focal center).
- New Clark City — Construction began on March 15, 2018. Phase 1A of planned city's government center, the National Government Administrative Center (along with its sports complex) will finish in time of the upcoming 2019 Southeast Asian Games.
- Quezon City
- Samal, Davao del Norte
- Borne Sulinowo – former German military base, then Soviet secret city, and, since 1993, Polish town
- Nowa Huta – showpiece of Polish socialist realist-era urban planning; now incorporated into the royal city of Kraków
- Starogard Gdański
- Tychy Nowe Tychy, New Tychy 
- Zamość – a UNESCO World Heritage Site; the result of the opulently wealthy Polish Chancellor Jan Zamoyski's financial empire; modeled on Italian-Renaissance theories of the "ideal city" and built by the architect Bernardo Morando; a perfect example of late 16th-century Renaissance urban-planning ideals 
- Braga – 16th-century expansion
- Espinho – 19th century
- Lisbon – reconstruction of downtown after the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. Some other buildings and structures of the city survived or suffered only partial or small degree of damage.
- Nisa – medieval town
- Porto Covo – 18th century
- Vila Nova de Santo André – 20th century
- Vila Real de Santo António – 18th century
Q – R
Towns built in the 1960s
Towns built in the 1970s
Cities built in the 1980s
Cities built in the 1990s
Cities built in the 2000s
Cities built in the 2010s
- Falköping, Västergötland
- Gothenburg, Västergötland and Bohuslän
- Hässleholm, Scania
- Jakriborg, Scania
- Karlshamn, Blekinge (naval fortress town)
- Karlskrona, Blekinge (naval fortress town)
- Kiruna, Lapland
- Kristianstad, Scania (fortress town)
- Nässjö, Småland
- Stockholm, Södermanland and Uppland – satellite towns
This includes all new towns created under the New Towns Act 1946 and successive acts, as well as some communities not designated under this name.
- Hemel Hempstead
- Letchworth Garden City
- Milton Keynes – "New City"
- Welwyn Garden City
- Annapolis, Maryland
- Augusta, Georgia
- Charleston, South Carolina
- Columbia, South Carolina
- Holyoke, Massachusetts
- Mobile, Alabama
- New Haven, Connecticut – the first planned city in America; designed in 1638
- New Orleans, Louisiana
- Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- Raleigh, North Carolina
- Richmond, Virginia
- Rogersville, Tennessee
- Savannah, Georgia
- Washington, D.C.
- Williamsburg, Virginia
- Wilmington, North Carolina
- Winston-Salem, North Carolina – planned by the Moravians; later merged with Winston
New communities built in the 19th century
- Amarillo, Texas
- Austin, Texas
- Back Bay – section of Boston, Massachusetts
- Brownsville, Texas
- Buffalo, New York
- Corpus Christi, Texas
- Dallas, Texas
- DuPont, Washington
- Fort Worth, Texas
- Glendale, Ohio
- Houston, Texas
- Huntington, West Virginia
- Indianapolis, Indiana
- Llewellyn Park, New Jersey
- Manchester, New Hampshire
- Most of the Manhattan borough of New York City, New York – New York City originated in the 1620s without a master plan, but the Commissioners' Plan of 1811 defined the street layout for the borough north of Houston Street.
- Memphis, Tennessee – a grid plan with a public promenade along the Mississippi River and four designated public squares; surveyed in 1819
- Midland, Texas
- Milledgeville, Georgia
- New Plymouth, Idaho
- Parksley, Virginia
- Pullman, Illinois – now part of Chicago
- Riverside, Illinois
- San Antonio, Texas
- Salt Lake City, Utah
- Shreveport, Louisiana
- St. Petersburg, Florida
- Tallahassee, Florida
- Tampa, Florida
- Topeka, Kansas
- Vandergrift, Pennsylvania
New communities built in the early 20th century
- Atascadero, California
- Avondale Estates, Georgia
- Baldwin Hills Village, California
- Cerritos, California
- Chatham Village, Pittsburgh
- Commerce, California
- Coral Gables, Florida
- Dundalk, Maryland
- Fairfield, Alabama
- Highland Park, Texas
- Industry, California
- Kingsport, Tennessee
- Longview, Washington
- Mariemont, Ohio
- Minden, Nevada
- Radburn, New Jersey
- Roland Park, Baltimore, Maryland
- Shaker Heights, Ohio
- Sugar Land, Texas
- Sunnyside Gardens, New York
- Twin Falls, Idaho
- Venice, Florida
- The Woodlands, Texas
New communities built with federal aid in the 1930s and for Defense Housing in Early 1940s
Secret cities built as part of the Manhattan Project
New communities built privately in the post-World War II era
New communities built in the 1960s and 1970s
- Anaheim Hills, California*
- Arcosanti, Arizona
- Audubon New Community, New York – near Buffalo
- Aventura, Florida
- Clear Lake City, Houston, Texas
- Columbia, Maryland
- Cold Spring, Maryland – Baltimore
- Coral Springs, Florida
- Coto de Caza, California
- Crofton, Maryland
- First Colony, Sugar Land, Texas – see Sugar Land, Texas
- Foster City, California
- Hawaii Kai, Hawaii
- Irvine, California*
- King City, Oregon
- Kingwood, Houston, Texas
- La Vista, Nebraska
- Las Colinas, Irving, Texas
- Laguna Niguel, California
- Mililani, Hawaii*
- Mission Viejo, California
- Palm Coast, Florida
- Peachtree City, Georgia
- Peachtree Corners, Georgia
- Reston, Virginia
- Rio Rancho, New Mexico
- Sugar Creek, Sugar Land, Texas – see Sugar Land, Texas
- Sunriver, Oregon
- Valley Ranch, Irving, Texas
- Village of Cross Keys, Maryland – see Baltimore, Maryland
- Woodhaven, Fort Worth, Texas
• Anaheim Hills and Irvine, California; and Mililani, Hawaii, began construction in the 1970s, but have not been completed due to their size, and will not be completed for at least ten years.[when?]
New communities sponsored by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development after 1970
- Cedar-Riverside, Minnesota – Minneapolis, Minnesota
- Flower Mound, Texas – near Dallas, Texas
- Gananda, New York – near Rochester, New York
- Harbison, South Carolina – near Columbia, South Carolina
- Jonathan, Minnesota – near Minneapolis
- Maumelle, Arkansas – near Little Rock, Arkansas
- Newfields, Ohio – Dayton, Ohio
- Park Forest South, Illinois – near Chicago, Illinois
- Radisson, New York – near Syracuse, New York
- Riverton, New York – near Rochester, New York
- Roosevelt Island, New York – part of New York City
- Shenandoah, Georgia – near Atlanta, Georgia
- Soul City, North Carolina – Warren County, North Carolina
- St. Charles, Maryland – Charles County, Maryland
- San Antonio Ranch, Texas – near San Antonio, Texas
- The Woodlands, Texas – near Houston, Texas
New communities built privately in the 1980s and 1990s
- Aliso Viejo, California
- Anthem, Arizona
- Carolina Forest, South Carolina
- Celebration, Florida
- Eagle Mountain, Utah – planned for 150,000 population
- Greatwood, Sugar Land, Texas – see Sugar Land, Texas
- Kapolei, Hawaii
- Laguna West, California
- New Territory, Sugar Land, Texas – see Sugar Land, Texas
- Phillips Ranch, California
- Port Liberte, New Jersey
- Rancho Santa Margarita, California
- Seaside, Florida
- Southern Village, North Carolina
- Summerlin, Nevada – in the Las Vegas Valley
- Suncadia, Washington
- Viera, Florida
- Westchase, Florida
- Weston, Florida
New communities built privately in the 21st century
- Ave Maria, Florida
- Bayview-Hunters Point, San Francisco, California
- Lakewood Ranch, Florida
- Nocatee, Florida
- Carlton Landing, Oklahoma
Unbuilt or under construction planned cities
The following list is organized by state:
V – Z
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