List of countries by inequality-adjusted HDI

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World map representing the inequality-adjusted Human Development Index categories (based on 2018 data, published in 2019).[1]
  0.800–1.000 (very high)
  0.700–0.799 (high)
  0.550–0.699 (medium)
  0.350–0.549 (low)
  Data unavailable
World map showing countries by the inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (based on 2018 data, published in 2019).
  0.850–0.899
  0.800–0.849
  0.750–0.799
  0.700–0.749
  0.650–0.699
  0.600–0.649
  0.550–0.599
  0.500–0.549
  0.450–0.499
  0.400–0.449
  0.350–0.399
  0.300–0.349
  0.250–0.299
  0.200–0.249
  Data unavailable

This is a list of countries by inequality-adjusted human development index (IHDI), as published by the UNDP in its 2019 Human Development Report. According to the 2016 Report, "The IHDI can be interpreted as the level of human development when inequality is accounted for," whereas the Human Development Index itself, from which the IHDI is derived, is "an index of potential human development (or the maximum IHDI that could be achieved if there were no inequality)."[2][3]

Methodology[edit]

The index captures the HDI of the average person in society, which is less than the aggregate HDI when there is inequality in the distribution of health, education and income. Under perfect equality, the HDI and IHDI are equal; the greater the difference between the two, the greater the inequality.

The IHDI, estimated for 151 countries, captures the losses in human development due to inequality in health, education and income. Losses in all three dimensions vary across countries, ranging from just a few percent (Czech Republic, Slovenia) up to over 40% (Comoros, Central African Republic). Overall loss takes into account all three dimensions.[4]

List[edit]

The table below ranks countries according to their inequality-adjusted human development index (IHDI). Data is based on 2018 estimates.

2018 inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI) (2019 report)[edit]

Rank Country 2018 estimates (2019 report)[5][1]
IHDI HDI Overall loss (%) Growth since 2010
1  Norway 0.889 0.954 6.8 Increase 0.010
2  Iceland 0.885 0.938 5.7 Increase 0.052
3  Japan 0.882 0.915 3.6 Increase 0.094[a]
4   Switzerland 0.881 0.946 6.8 Increase 0.015
5  Finland 0.876 0.925 5.3 Increase 0.040
6  Sweden 0.874 0.937 6.7 Increase 0.031
7  Denmark 0.873 0.930 6.1 Increase 0.021
8  Ireland 0.872 0.942 8.2 Increase 0.063
9  Netherlands 0.870 0.933 6.8 Increase 0.033
10  Australia 0.862 0.938 8.1 Increase 0.010
11  Germany 0.861 0.939 8.3 Increase 0.015
12  Slovenia 0.858 0.902 4.8 Increase 0.038
13  Czech Republic 0.850 0.891 4.6 Increase 0.040
14  Belgium 0.849 0.919 7.6 Increase 0.022
15  United Kingdom 0.845 0.920 8.2 Increase 0.028
16  Austria 0.843 0.914 7.7 Increase 0.015
17  Canada 0.841 0.922 8.8 Increase 0.024
18  New Zealand 0.836 0.921 9.2 NA
19  Luxembourg 0.822 0.909 9.5 Increase 0.010
20  Estonia 0.818 0.882 7.2 Increase 0.056
 European Union[6] 0.816 0.900 9.4
21  Hong Kong 0.815 0.939 13.2 NA
21  Malta 0.815 0.885 8 Increase 0.030 [b]
23  Singapore 0.810 0.935 13.3 NA
24  France 0.809 0.891 9.2 Increase 0.017
24  Israel 0.809 0.906 10.8 Increase 0.034
26  Slovakia 0.804 0.857 6.2 Increase 0.031
27  Poland 0.801 0.872 8.1 Increase 0.056
28  United States 0.797 0.920 13.4 Decrease 0.011
29  Cyprus 0.788 0.873 9.7 Increase 0.037
30  Hungary 0.777 0.845 8 Increase 0.022
30  South Korea 0.777 0.906 14.3 Increase 0.042
32  Italy 0.776 0.883 12.1 Increase 0.010
32  Latvia 0.776 0.854 9.1 Increase 0.050
34  Lithuania 0.774 0.869 10.9 Increase 0.045
35  Croatia 0.768 0.837 8.3 Increase 0.081
36  Greece 0.766 0.872 12.2 Decrease 0.004
37  Belarus 0.765 0.817 6.4 Increase 0.047
37  Spain 0.765 0.893 14.3 Decrease 0.015
39  Kazakhstan 0.759 0.817 7.1 Increase 0.098
40  Montenegro 0.746 0.816 8.6 Increase 0.031
41  Russia 0.743 0.824 9.9 Increase 0.053
42  Portugal 0.742 0.850 12.7 Increase 0.018
43  Oman 0.732 0.834 13.1 NA
44  Romania 0.725 0.816 11.1 Increase 0.024
45  Argentina 0.714 0.830 14 Increase 0.058
46  Bulgaria 0.713 0.816 12.5 Increase 0.022
47  Serbia 0.710 0.799 14 Increase 0.030
48  Iran 0.706 0.797 11.5 Increase 0.185[c]
49  Albania 0.705 0.791 10.9 Increase 0.059
50  Uruguay 0.703 0.808 13 Increase 0.054
51  Ukraine 0.701 0.750 6.4 Increase 0.028
52  Georgia 0.692 0.786 12 Increase 0.085
53  Mauritius 0.688 0.796 13.7 Increase 0.032[d]
54  Sri Lanka 0.686 0.780 12.1 Increase 0.064
55  Armenia 0.685 0.760 9.9 Increase 0.036
56  Azerbaijan 0.683 0.754 9.4 Increase 0.052
57  Turkey 0.676 0.806 16.2 Increase 0.108
58  Barbados 0.675 0.813 17 NA
59  Chile 0.673 0.847 17.8 Increase 0.025
60  North Macedonia 0.660 0.759 13.1 Increase 0.048
61  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.658 0.769 14.4 Increase 0.090
62  Costa Rica 0.639 0.794 18.7 Increase 0.041
63  Moldova 0.638 0.711 10.4 Increase 0.049
64  China 0.636 0.758 16.1 Increase 0.095
65  Mongolia 0.635 0.735 13.6 Increase 0.044
65  Thailand 0.635 0.765 16.9 Increase 0.067
67  Panama 0.626 0.795 21.2 Increase 0.083
68  Jordan 0.617 0.723 14.7 Increase 0.029
68  Saint Lucia 0.617 0.745 17.2 Increase 0.005[e]
70  Peru 0.612 0.759 19.4 Increase 0.112
71  Kyrgyzstan 0.610 0.674 9.5 Increase 0.070
72  Ecuador 0.607 0.758 19.9 Increase 0.035
73  Algeria 0.604 0.759 20.4 NA
73  Jamaica 0.604 0.726 16.7 Increase 0.002
75  Venezuela 0.600 0.726 17.3 Increase 0.007
76  Palestine 0.597 0.690 13.5 Decrease 0.004[f]
77  Mexico 0.595 0.767 22.5 Increase 0.011
78  Colombia 0.585 0.761 23.1 Increase 0.065
78  Tunisia 0.585 0.739 20.8 Increase 0.049
United Nations World 0.584 0.731 20.2 Increase 0.062
80  Dominican Republic 0.584 0.745 21.5 Increase 0.057
81  Indonesia 0.583 0.707 17.4 Increase 0.035
82  Philippines 0.582 0.712 18.2 Increase 0.037
83  Vietnam 0.580 0.693 16.3 Increase 0.034
84  Turkmenistan 0.578 0.710 18.5 Increase 0.082
85  Brazil 0.574 0.761 24.5 Increase 0.045
85  Tajikistan 0.574 0.656 12.5 Increase 0.064
87  Maldives 0.568 0.719 21 Increase 0.003
88  Paraguay 0.562 0.724 24.7 Increase 0.040
89  Suriname 0.559 0.724 22.7 Increase 0.029
90  Belize 0.558 0.720 22.6 Increase 0.064
91  Iraq 0.552 0.689 19.8 Increase 0.032[g]
92  Guyana 0.546 0.670 18.5 Increase 0.026
93  Gabon 0.544 0.702 24.5 Increase 0.025
94  India 0.538 0.647 16.8 Increase 0.129
95  Bolivia 0.533 0.703 24.2 Increase 0.127
96  El Salvador 0.521 0.667 21.9 Increase 0.044
97  São Tomé and Príncipe 0.507 0.609 16.3 Increase 0.128[h]
98  Nicaragua 0.501 0.651 23 Increase 0.038
99  Egypt 0.492 0.700 29.7 Increase 0.009
100  Guatemala 0.472 0.651 27.4 Increase 0.072
101  Bangladesh 0.465 0.614 24.3 Increase 0.078
101  Cambodia 0.465 0.581 20.1 Increase 0.084
103  Honduras 0.464 0.623 25.5 Increase 0.049
104  South Africa 0.463 0.705 34.4 Increase 0.007
105  Rep. of the Congo 0.456 0.608 25 Increase 0.076
106  Laos 0.454 0.604 24.9 Increase 0.044
107  Bhutan 0.450 0.617 27.1 Decrease 0.023[i]
107  Timor-Leste 0.450 0.626 28 Increase 0.037
109  Myanmar 0.448 0.584 23.2 NA
110  Zimbabwe 0.435 0.563 22.8 Increase 0.104
111  Eswatini 0.430 0.608 29.3 Increase 0.100
111    Nepal 0.430 0.579 26.8 Increase 0.071
113  Ghana 0.427 0.596 28.3 Increase 0.013
114  Kenya 0.426 0.579 26.3 Increase 0.063
115  Namibia 0.418 0.645 35.3 Increase 0.091
116  Tanzania 0.397 0.528 24.9 Increase 0.049
117  Zambia 0.394 0.591 33.4 Increase 0.030
118  Angola 0.392 0.574 31.8 Increase 0.085
119  Uganda 0.387 0.528 26.7 Increase 0.055
120  Madagascar 0.386 0.521 25.8 Increase 0.029
120  Pakistan 0.386 0.560 31.1 Increase 0.027
122  Rwanda 0.382 0.536 28.7 Increase 0.075
123  Cameroon 0.371 0.563 34.1 Increase 0.060
124  Mauritania 0.358 0.528 32.1 Increase 0.040
125  Lesotho 0.350 0.518 32.5 Increase 0.045
125  Togo 0.350 0.513 31.7 Increase 0.036
126  Nigeria 0.349 0.534 34.6 Increase 0.067
127  Senegal 0.347 0.514 32.5 Increase 0.048
128  Malawi 0.346 0.485 28.7 Increase 0.049
129  Ethiopia 0.337 0.470 28.7 Increase 0.066
130  Sudan 0.332 0.507 34.6 NA
131  Côte d'Ivoire 0.331 0.516 35.8 Increase 0.041
132  Benin 0.327 0.520 37.1 Increase 0.020
134  Dem. Rep. of the Congo 0.316 0.459 31 Increase 0.051
134  Yemen 0.316 0.463 31.8 Decrease 0.012
136  Liberia 0.314 0.465 32.3 Increase 0.038
137  Guinea 0.310 0.466 37.4 Increase 0.059
138  Mozambique 0.309 0.446 30.7 Increase 0.093
139  Burkina Faso 0.303 0.434 30.1 Increase 0.064
140  Haiti 0.299 0.503 40.5 Increase 0.022
141  Burundi 0.296 0.423 30.1 Increase 0.043
142  Comoros 0.294 0.538 45.3 Increase 0.006
142  Mali 0.294 0.427 31.2 Increase 0.045
144  Gambia 0.293 0.466 37.2 Increase 0.026
145  Guinea-Bissau 0.288 0.461 37.5 Increase 0.043
146  Sierra Leone 0.282 0.438 35.7 Increase 0.045
147  Niger 0.272 0.377 27.9 Increase 0.061
148  South Sudan 0.264 0.413 36.1 NA
149  Chad 0.250 0.401 37.7 Increase 0.023
150  Central African Republic 0.222 0.381 41.6 Increase 0.016

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Human Development Report 2019 – "Human Development Indices and Indicators"" (PDF). HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. pp. 22–25. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  2. ^ Human Development Reports, Composite indices — HDI and beyond (2015) 87
  3. ^ "Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI)". Hdr.undp.org. Retrieved 2010-11-05.
  4. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions - Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI)". United Nations.
  5. ^ "Inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI)". hdr.undp.org. UNDP. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  6. ^ "Inequalities in Human Development in the 21st Century" (PDF). Human Development Report. p. 5.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Since 2013
  2. ^ Since 2012
  3. ^ Since 2013
  4. ^ Since 2011
  5. ^ Since 2014
  6. ^ Since 2013
  7. ^ Since 2013
  8. ^ Since 2011
  9. ^ Since 2012

External links[edit]