List of building types

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Residential[edit]

Single-family detached[edit]

Examples of single-family detached house types include:

Single-family attached (small multi-family)[edit]

Large multi-family (apartments/flats)[edit]

  • Garden or walk-up apartments: 1-5 stories, 50-400 units, no elevators[1]
  • Mid-rise apartments: 5-9 stories, 30-110 units, with elevators[1]
  • High-rise apartments: 9+ stories, 100+ units, professionally managed[1]
  • Special-purpose group housing[1]

Commercial[edit]

Commercial buildings, generally, are buildings used by businesses to sell their products to consumers.[1][2]

Office[edit]

Office buildings are generally categorized by size and by quality (e.g., "a low-rise Class A building")[3]

  • Office buildings by size
  • Office buildings by quality[4][5][6]
    • Trophy or 5-star building: A landmark property designed by a recognized architect
    • Class A or 4-star building: Rents in the top 30-40% of the local market; well-located; above-average upkeep and management; usually older than a trophy/5-star building
    • Class B or 3-star building: Rents between Class A and Class C; fair-to-good locations; average upkeep and management
    • Class C or 2-star building: Rents in the bottom 10-20% of the local market; less-desirable locations; below-average upkeep and management
    • 1-star building: Does not meet the needs of typical tenants; may be obsolete and/or in need of significant renovation[4]

Retail[edit]

Retail buildings are categorized by their configuration and size[7]

  • Non-freestanding (also known as shopping malls)
    • Super-regional shopping center: enclosed space; 800,000+ sqft; 5+ anchor stores with other tenants that sell a very large variety of goods
    • Regional shopping center: enclosed space; 400,000–800,000 sqft; 1–5 anchor stores with other tenants that sell a large variety of goods
    • Community shopping center: open space; 125,000–400,000 sqft; provides general merchandise and commodities (e.g., supermarket, discount department store)
    • Neighborhood shopping center: open space; 3,000–125,000 sqft; provides commodities to nearby neighborhoods (e.g. drug store)
    • Strip or convenience shopping center: open space; less than 30,000 sqft; located along suburban transportation arteries on shallow land parcels; a strip may be configured in a straight line, or have an "L" or "U" shape
    • Lifestyle center: "Main Street" concept with pedestrian circulation in core and vehicular circulation along perimeter; upscale national chain specialty stores, dining or entertainment (e.g. The Grove, Los Angeles, CA; Americana at Brand, Glendale, CA)
  • Freestanding: any stand-alone retail structure that is not part of a complex
    • Big box: freestanding category-dominant retailer; 50,000+ sqft (e.g. The Home Depot, Target, Walmart)
    • Power center: among the largest types of retail properties; 3+ big box anchor stores; multiple large buildings with parking lot in front and loading in back; smaller retailers usually clustered in a community shopping center configuration
    • Retail outlet: manufacturers' outlet stores; 50,000–400,000 sqft
    • Pop-up retail: a retail location designed to only be in a location temporarily (e.g., a retail store that only opens during a holiday season)

Hotels[edit]

Special-purpose[edit]

Industrial[edit]

Industrial buildings are primarily used for the production and storage/distribution of goods, among other uses.[8]

Manufacturing[edit]

Warehouse/distribution[edit]

Flex space[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

Agricultural[edit]

Specialty[edit]

The interior of an Iraqi mudhif
  • Mudhif: a traditional reed house made by the Madan people of Iraq

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Schmidt, Robert (2018-11-25). "Types of Commercial Real Estate". PropertyMetrics. Retrieved 2018-11-25.
  2. ^ Marsh, Amanda (2016-05-18). "The 6 Types of Commercial Real Estate Properties - VTS Blog". VTS Blog. Retrieved 2018-11-25.
  3. ^ Sicola, Maria (March 2017). "Office Terminology". Commercial Real Estate Terms and Definitions (PDF). The NAIOP Research Foundation. pp. 27–31.
  4. ^ a b "CoStar Building Rating System" (PDF). CoStar.
  5. ^ Wolf, Liz (2016-04-12). "The 3 Classes of Office Buildings: What Do They Really Mean? - VTS Blog". VTS Blog. Retrieved 2018-11-25.
  6. ^ Kugler, Thomas. "Building Owners and Managers Association (BOMA) International". Building Owners and Managers Association (BOMA) International. Retrieved 2018-11-25.
  7. ^ Sicola, Maria (March 2017). "Retail Terminology". Commercial Real Estate Terms and Definitions (PDF). The NAIOP Research Foundation. pp. 32–36.
  8. ^ Sicola, Maria (March 2017). "Industrial Terminology". Commercial Real Estate Terms and Definitions (PDF). The NAIOP Research Foundation. pp. 21–26.

See also[edit]

Media related to Buildings by function at Wikimedia Commons