List of Olympic Games host cities
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This is a list of host cities of the Olympic Games, both summer and winter, since the modern Olympics began in 1896. Since then, summer games have usually – but not always – celebrated a four-year period known as an Olympiad. There have been 28 Summer Olympic Games held in 23 cities, and 23 Winter Olympic Games held in 20 cities. In addition, three summer and two winter editions of the Games were scheduled to take place but later cancelled due to war: Berlin (summer) in 1916; Tokyo/Helsinki (summer) and Sapporo/Garmisch-Partenkirchen (winter) in 1940; and London (summer) and Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy (winter) in 1944. The 1906 Summer Olympics were officially sanctioned and held in Athens. However, in 1949, the International Olympic Committee (IOC), decided to unrecognize the 1906 Games.
The Youth Olympic Games are held every four years in staggered summer and winter events consistent with the current Olympic Games format, though in reverse order with Winter Games held in leap years instead of Summer Games. The first summer version was held in Singapore from 14 to 26 August 2010 while the first winter version was held in Innsbruck, Austria from 13 to 22 January 2012.
Five cities have been chosen by the IOC to host upcoming Olympic Games: Tokyo for the 2020 Summer Olympics, Beijing for the 2022 Winter Olympics, Paris for the 2024 Summer Olympics, Milan-Cortina d'Ampezzo for the 2026 Winter Olympics, and Los Angeles for the 2028 Summer Olympics. Additional two cities have been chosen by the IOC to host upcoming Youth Olympic Games: Dakar for the 2022 Summer Youth Olympics and Gangwon Province for the 2024 Winter Youth Olympics.
In 2022, Beijing will become the first-ever city that has held both the summer and the winter Olympic Games. Eleven cities will have hosted the Olympic Games more than once: Athens (1896 and 2004 Summer Olympics), Paris (1900, 1924 and 2024 Summer Olympics), London (1908, 1948 and 2012 Summer Olympics), St. Moritz (1928 and 1948 Winter Olympics), Lake Placid (1932 and 1980 Winter Olympics), Los Angeles (1932, 1984 and 2028 Summer Olympics), Cortina d'Ampezzo (1956 and 2026 Winter Olympics), Innsbruck (1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics and 2012 Winter Youth Olympics), Tokyo (1964 and 2020 Summer Olympics), Lillehammer (1994 Winter Olympics and 2016 Winter Youth Olympics), Gangwon Province (Pyeongchang) (2018 Winter Olympics and 2024 Winter Youth Olympics) and Beijing (2008 Summer Olympics and 2022 Winter Olympics). Stockholm hosted the 1912 Summer Olympics and the equestrian portion of the 1956 Summer Olympics.[d] London became the first city to have hosted three Games with the 2012 Summer Olympics. Paris will become the second city to do this with the 2024 Summer Olympics, followed by Los Angeles as the third in 2028. The United States has hosted a total of eight Olympic Games, more than any other country, followed by France with five editions. Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Austria, Canada, Italy, Japan and Germany have each hosted three Games.
The Games have primarily been hosted in the continents of Europe (32 editions) and North America (12 editions); seven Games have been hosted in Asia and two have been hosted in Oceania. In 2010, Singapore became Southeast Asia's first Olympic host city for the inaugural Summer Youth Olympics, while Rio de Janeiro became South America's first Olympic host city with the 2016 Summer Olympics, followed by Buenos Aires with the 2018 Summer Youth Olympics. The 2022 Summer Youth Olympics in Dakar will become the first-ever Games to be held on the African continent. Other major geographic regions which have never hosted the Olympics include the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent, Central America and the Caribbean.
Host cities are selected by the IOC membership, usually seven years in advance. The selection process lasts approximately two years. In the first stage, any city in the world may submit an application to become a host city. After 10 months, the Executive Board of the IOC decides which applicant cities will become official candidates as based on the recommendation of a working group that reviews the applications. In a second stage, the candidate cities are investigated thoroughly by an Evaluation Commission, which then submits a final short list of cities to be considered for selection. The host city is then chosen by vote of the IOC session, a general meeting of IOC members.
Olympic Games host cities
- For individual summer and winter lists, see List of modern Summer Olympic Games, List of Winter Olympic Games and List of Youth Olympic Games.
|Athens||Greece||1896||Europe||I||April 6||April 15|
|Paris||France||1900||II||May 14||October 28|
|St. Louis[a]||United States||1904||North America||III||July 1||November 23|
|London[c]||United Kingdom||1908||Europe||IV||April 27||October 31|
|Stockholm||Sweden||1912||V||May 5||July 22|
|Berlin||Germany||1916||Europe||Cancelled due to WWI|||
|Antwerp[d]||Belgium||1920||Europe||VII||April 20||September 12|||
|Chamonix||France||1924||I||January 25||February 5|||
|Paris||France||VIII||May 4||July 27|||
|St. Moritz||Switzerland||1928||II||February 11||February 19|||
|Amsterdam||Netherlands||IX||May 17||August 12|||
|Lake Placid||United States||1932||North America||III||February 4||February 15|||
|Los Angeles||United States||X||July 30||August 14|||
|Garmisch-Partenkirchen||Nazi Germany||1936||Europe||IV||February 6||February 16|||
|Berlin||Nazi Germany||XI||August 1||August 16|||
|Sapporo / Garmisch-Partenkirchen[e]||Empire of Japan / Nazi Germany||1940||Asia / Europe||Cancelled due to WWII|||
|Tokyo / Helsinki[f]||Empire of Japan / Finland|
|St. Moritz||Switzerland||1948||Europe||V||January 30||February 8|
|London||United Kingdom||XIV||July 29||August 14|
|Oslo||Norway||1952||VI||February 14||February 25|
|Helsinki||Finland||XV||July 19||August 3|
|Cortina d'Ampezzo||Italy||1956||VII||January 26||February 5|
|Melbourne/Stockholm [g]||Australia/ Sweden||Oceania/ Europe||XVI||November 22/
|Squaw Valley||United States||1960||North America||VIII||February 18||February 28|
|Rome||Italy||Europe||XVII||August 25||September 11|
|Innsbruck||Austria||1964||IX||January 29||February 9|
|Tokyo||Japan||Asia||XVIII||October 10||October 24|
|Grenoble||France||1968||Europe||X||February 6||February 18|
|Mexico City||Mexico||North America||XIX||October 12||October 27|
|Sapporo||Japan||1972||Asia||XI||February 3||February 13|
|Munich||West Germany||Europe||XX||August 26||September 11|
|Innsbruck[j]||Austria||1976||XII||February 4||February 15|
|Montreal||Canada||North America||XXI||July 17||August 1|
|Lake Placid||United States||1980||XIII||February 13||February 24|
|Moscow||Soviet Union||Europe[h]||XXII||July 19||August 3|
|Sarajevo||Yugoslavia||1984||Europe||XIV||February 7||February 19|
|Los Angeles||United States||North America||XXIII||July 28||August 12|
|Calgary||Canada||1988||XV||February 13||February 28|
|Seoul||South Korea||Asia||XXIV||September 17||October 2|
|Albertville||France||1992||Europe||XVI||February 8||February 23|
|Barcelona||Spain||XXV||July 25||August 9|
|Lillehammer||Norway||1994||XVII||February 12||February 27|
|Atlanta||United States||1996||North America||XXVI||July 19||August 4|
|Nagano||Japan||1998||Asia||XVIII||February 7||February 22|
|Sydney||Australia||2000||Oceania||XXVII||September 15||October 1|
|Salt Lake City||United States||2002||North America||XIX||February 8||February 24|
|Athens||Greece||2004||Europe||XXVIII||August 13||August 29|
|Turin||Italy||2006||XX||February 10||February 26|
|Beijing[i]||China||2008||Asia||XXIX||August 8||August 24|
|Vancouver||Canada||2010||North America||XXI||February 12||February 28|
|Singapore||Singapore||Asia||I||August 14||August 26|
|Innsbruck||Austria||2012||Europe||I||January 13||January 22|
|London||United Kingdom||XXX||July 27||August 12|
|Sochi||Russia||2014||Europe[h]||XXII||February 7||February 23|
|Nanjing||China||Asia||II||August 16||August 28|
|Lillehammer||Norway||2016||Europe||II||February 12||February 21|
|Rio de Janeiro||Brazil||South America||XXXI||August 5||August 21|
|Pyeongchang||South Korea||2018||Asia||XXIII||February 9||February 25|
|Buenos Aires||Argentina||South America||III||October 6||October 18|
|Lausanne||Switzerland||2020||Europe||III||January 9||January 22|
|Tokyo||Japan||Asia||XXXII||July 24||August 9|
|Beijing||China||2022||XXIV||February 4||February 20|
|Dakar||Senegal||Africa||IV||October 22||November 9|
|Gangwon Province||South Korea||2024||Asia||IV||January 19||February 2|
|Paris||France||Europe||XXXIII||July 26||August 11|
|Milan and Cortina d'Ampezzo||Italy||2026||XXV||February 6||February 22|
|Los Angeles||United States||North America||XXXIV||July 21||August 6|
Host cities for multiple Summer and Winter Olympic Games and Youth Olympic Games
|Rank||City||Country||Continent||Summer Olympics||Winter Olympics||Summer Youth Olympics||Winter Youth Olympics||Total|
|1||London||United Kingdom||Europe||3 (1908, 1948, 2012)||3|
|Paris||France||3 (1900, 1924, 2024)|
|Los Angeles||United States||North America||3 (1932, 1984, 2028)|
|Innsbruck||Austria||Europe||2 (1964, 1976)|
|5||Athens||Greece||2 (1896, 2004)||2|
|Tokyo||Japan||Asia||2 (1964, 2020)|
|Beijing||China||1 (2008)||1 (2022)|
|St. Moritz||Switzerland||Europe||2 (1928, 1948)|
|Lake Placid||United States||North America||2 (1932, 1980)|
|Cortina d'Ampezzo||Italy||2 (1956, 2026)|
|Gangwon Province (Pyeongchang)||South Korea||Asia||1 (2018)|
- The 1906 Intercalated Games are no longer officially recognized by the IOC as an official Olympic Games.
Number of Olympic Games by country
|1||1904||2028||United States||America, North||5 (1904, 1932, 1984, 1996, 2028)||4 (1932, 1960, 1980, 2002)||9|
|2||1900||2024||France||Europe||3 (1900, 1924, 2024)||3 (1924, 1968, 1992)||6|
|3||1956||2026||Italy||1 (1960)||3 (
|5||1908||2012||United Kingdom||Europe||3 (1908,
only as part of former:
|1952||1994||Norway||2 (1952, 1994)|
|1964||2012||Austria||2 (1964, 1976)|
|1976||2010||Canada||America, North||1 (1976)||2 (1988, 2010)|
|1988||2024||South Korea||Asia||1 (1988)||1 (2018)|
|2008||2022||China||Asia||1 (2008)||1 (2022)||1 (2014)|
|13||1896||2004||Greece||Europe||2 (1896, 2004)||2|
|1956||2000||Australia||Oceania||2 (1956, 2000)|
and as part of former:
|Europe [h]||1 (1980)||1 (2014)|
|1968||1968||Mexico||America, North||1 (1968)|
|1984||1984|| Bosnia and Herzegovina,
only as part of former:
|2016||2016||Brazil||America, South||1 (2016)|
Number of Olympic Games by continent
|1||1896||2026||Europe||17 (1896, 1900, 1908, 1912,
||15 (1924, 1928, 1936,
||2012, 2016, 2020)3 (||35|
|2||1904||2028||America, North||1904, 1932, 1968, 1976, 1984, 1996, 2028)7 (||1932, 1960, 1980, 1988, 2002, 2010)6 (||13|
|3||1964||2024||Asia||2010, 2014)2 (||2024)1 (||11|
|4||2016||2018||America, South||2016)1 (||2018)1 (||2|
|5||1956||2000||Oceania||1956, 2000)2 (||2|
- a Originally awarded to Chicago, but moved to St. Louis to coincide with the World's Fair.
- b The 1906 Games were sanctioned and treated as an Olympic Games when held, and they were recognized as an Olympic Games by the IOC until 1949
- c The 1908 Games were originally given to Rome, but were moved to London when Mount Vesuvius erupted.
- d The sailing events in 1920 were held in Ostend, Belgium and in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
- e The 1940 winter games were originally awarded to Sapporo, Japan, but the launch of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937 caused them to be relocated to Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Nazi Germany, before being cancelled in 1939 because of the expansion of World War II.
- f The 1940 summer games were originally awarded to Tokyo, Japan, but the launch of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937 caused them to be relocated Helsinki, Finland, before being cancelled in 1939 because of the expansion of World War II.
- g Equestrian events were held in Stockholm, Sweden. Stockholm had to bid for the equestrian competition separately; it received its own Olympic flame and had its own formal invitations and opening and closing ceremonies, just like the regular Summer Olympics.
- h Russia (like the former Soviet Union) spans the continents of Europe and Asia. However, the Russian Olympic Committee is part of the European Olympic Committees and has its official seat in Moscow (this was also the case for the former Soviet Olympic Committee). Also, Moscow is on the European side of the most commonly recognized boundary between Europe and Asia. (Sochi is in Asia per the usual geographic boundary, being just south of the Greater Caucasus' western end; but political approximations of the continental boundary place it in Europe.)
- i Equestrian events were held in China's Hong Kong SAR. Although Hong Kong's separate NOC conducted the equestrian competition, it was an integral part of the Beijing Games (unlike the 1956 Stockholm equestrian competition it was not conducted under a separate Hong Kong bid, separate flame, etc.).
- j The 1976 Winter Games were originally awarded to Denver, Colorado, United States in 1969, but in 1972, after a referendum, Denver voluntarily gave up its right, citing environmental concerns for the Colorado area. The IOC eventually decided to relocate those games to Innsbruck, Austria.
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