Emir of Qatar

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Emir of the State of Qatar
امیر دولة قطر
Emblem of Qatar.svg
Incumbent
Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
since 25 June 2013
Details
StyleHis Highness
Heir presumptiveAbdullah bin Hamad Al Thani
First monarchMohammed bin Thani
Formation1847
Emblem of Qatar.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Qatar

Arab League Member State of the Arab League


Administrative divisions (municipalities)

The Emir of the State of Qatar is the monarch and head of state of Qatar, as well as the commander-in-chief of the Qatar Armed Forces and guarantor of the Constitution. It is the most powerful position in the country, and has a prominent role in foreign relations.

The Emirs of Qatar are members of the House of Al Thani, which originate from the Banu Tamim, one of the largest tribes in the Arabian Peninsula.

Since 25 June 2013, Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani is the current Emir.

Hakims of Qatar (1847–1971)[edit]

No. Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Reign start Reign end
1 HH Sheikh
Mohammed bin Thani
محمد بن ثاني

(1788–1878)

Emblem of Qatar.svg 1847 18 December 1878
2 HH Sheikh
Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani
جاسم بن محمد آل ثاني

(1825–1913)


Emblem of Qatar.svg 18 December 1878 17 July 1913 (Abdicated 1898 in favor of

Sheikh Ahmad, ruled again after his death in 1905)

3 HH Sheikh Ahmed bin Muhammed Al Thani

(1885–1905)

[It is evident that Sheikh Jassim abdicated in favor

of his brother Sheikh Ahmad in 1898,

but Sheikh Ahmad was killed in 1905][1][2].

Emblem of Qatar.svg 1898 1905
4 HH Sheikh
Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani
عبد الله بن جاسم آل ثاني

(1880–1957)

Emblem of Qatar.svg 17 July 1913 20 August 1949 (Abdicated)
5 HH Sheikh
Ali bin Abdullah Al Thani
علي بن عبد الله آل ثاني

(1895–1974)

Emblem of Qatar.svg 20 August 1949 24 October 1960 (Abdicated)
6 HH Sheikh
Ahmad bin Ali Al Thani
أحمد بن علي آل ثاني

(1922–1977)

Emblem of Qatar.svg 24 October 1960 3 September 1971 (Deposed)

Emirs of Qatar (1971–present)[edit]

No. Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Reign start Reign end
1 HH Sheikh
Ahmad bin Ali Al Thani
أحمد بن علي آل ثاني

(1922–1977)

Emblem of Qatar.svg 3 September 1960 22 February 1972 (Deposed)[3]
2 HH Sheikh
Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani
خليفة بن حمد آل ثاني

(1930–2016)

Emblem of Qatar.svg 22 February 1972 27 June 1995 (Deposed)[4]
3 HH Sheikh
Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani
حمد بن خليفة آل ثاني

(1952–)

Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani (cropped).jpg 27 June 1995 25 June 2013 (Abdicated)[5]
4 HH Sheikh
Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
تميم بن حمد آل ثاني

(1980–)

Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani 2015.jpg 25 June 2013[5] Incumbent

Succession[edit]

The permanent constitution of the state of Qatar published in 2005 dictates that the rule is hereditary and in the descendants of Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani [6] .The order of succession in Qatar is determined by appointments within the House of Al Thani.

The former Emir of Qatar, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani (Arabic: الشيخ حمد بن خليفة آل ثاني‎), appointed his fourth son, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani (Arabic: الشيخ تميم بن حمد آل ثاني‎), as heir apparent on 8 August 2003, after his older son Sheikh Jassim bin Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani (who held the position between 1996 and 2003) renounced his rights to the throne in favour of Sheikh Tamim.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "File 160/1903 'Persian Gulf: El Katr; appointment of Turkish Mudirs; question of Protectorate Treaty with El Katr' [170v] (345/860)". Qatar Digital Library. 2015-08-20. Retrieved 2020-03-06.
  2. ^ "Ahmed bin Muhammed Al Thani", Wikipedia, 2020-03-06, retrieved 2020-03-06
  3. ^ "Qatar PM seizes power from cousin". Ottawa Citizen. Beirut. AP. 23 February 1972. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
  4. ^ "Prince deposes father in Qatar". Deseret News. 27 June 1995. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
  5. ^ a b "Qatari emir Hamad hands power to son Tamim". BBC. 25 June 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  6. ^ "AlMeezan".

External links[edit]