Koshigaya

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Koshigaya

越谷市
Koshigaya City Hall
Koshigaya City Hall
Flag of Koshigaya
Flag
Official seal of Koshigaya
Seal
Location of Koshigaya in Saitama Prefecture
Location of Koshigaya in Saitama Prefecture
Koshigaya is located in Japan
Koshigaya
Koshigaya
Location of Koshigaya in Saitama Prefecture
Coordinates: 35°53′28.1″N 139°47′27.3″E / 35.891139°N 139.790917°E / 35.891139; 139.790917Coordinates: 35°53′28.1″N 139°47′27.3″E / 35.891139°N 139.790917°E / 35.891139; 139.790917
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureSaitama
Government
 • MayorTsutomu Takahashi
Area
 • Total60.24 km2 (23.26 sq mi)
Population
 (February 2021)
 • Total345,353
 • Density5,700/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeZelkova serrata
- FlowerChrysanthemum
- BirdEurasian collared dove
Phone number048-982-5111
Address4-2-1 Koshigaya, Koshigaya-shi, Saitama-ken 343-8501
WebsiteOfficial website
View of Aeon LakeTown shopping mall

Koshigaya (越谷市, Koshigaya-shi) is a city located in Saitama Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 January 2021, the city had an estimated population of 345,353 in 158,022 households and a population density of 5700 persons per km².[1] The total area of the city is 60.24 square kilometres (23.26 sq mi). It is famous for producing daruma dolls.

Geography[edit]

Koshigaya is situated in eastern Saitama Prefecture, in the alluvial plain of the Nakagawa basin between the Omiya plateau and the Shimosa plateau. Most of the city area is flat with an average elevation of only five meters above sea level. Many rivers, including the Motoara River, Naka River, Ayase River, Furutone River, and Sakagawa River flow in the city. Koshigaya, which is about 25 kilometers north of Tokyo and developed as a transportation for water and land transportation from premodern times.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Saitama Prefecture

Climate[edit]

Koshigaya has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Koshigaya is 14.7 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1408 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.4 °C, and lowest in January, at around 3.1 °C.[2]

Climate data for Koshigaya
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.9
(66.0)
24.3
(75.7)
27.7
(81.9)
30.3
(86.5)
33.1
(91.6)
35.8
(96.4)
40.2
(104.4)
40.4
(104.7)
37.9
(100.2)
33.6
(92.5)
26.1
(79.0)
25.9
(78.6)
40.4
(104.7)
Average high °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
10.1
(50.2)
13.4
(56.1)
19.3
(66.7)
23.4
(74.1)
26.1
(79.0)
30.0
(86.0)
31.9
(89.4)
27.4
(81.3)
21.7
(71.1)
16.4
(61.5)
11.8
(53.2)
20.1
(68.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
4.9
(40.8)
8.1
(46.6)
13.7
(56.7)
18.2
(64.8)
21.5
(70.7)
25.2
(77.4)
26.9
(80.4)
22.9
(73.2)
17.1
(62.8)
11.3
(52.3)
6.5
(43.7)
15.0
(59.0)
Average low °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
0.3
(32.5)
3.3
(37.9)
8.6
(47.5)
13.6
(56.5)
17.7
(63.9)
21.5
(70.7)
23.2
(73.8)
19.4
(66.9)
13.2
(55.8)
7.0
(44.6)
1.9
(35.4)
10.8
(51.4)
Record low °C (°F) −7.5
(18.5)
−7.1
(19.2)
−4.9
(23.2)
−1.4
(29.5)
5.1
(41.2)
10.6
(51.1)
14.1
(57.4)
15.4
(59.7)
10.2
(50.4)
4.2
(39.6)
−1.8
(28.8)
−4.8
(23.4)
−7.5
(18.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 44.5
(1.75)
50.8
(2.00)
100.1
(3.94)
111.1
(4.37)
120.1
(4.73)
141.8
(5.58)
134.0
(5.28)
142.4
(5.61)
185.9
(7.32)
175.0
(6.89)
77.5
(3.05)
46.4
(1.83)
1,328.3
(52.30)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 4.5 5.7 10.1 10.5 10.7 12.1 11.5 8.1 11.4 9.9 7.3 4.5 105.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 188.4 176.4 175.4 180.5 171.8 128.0 146.2 172.6 125.6 134.3 148.0 175.3 1,923.2
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency (Averages:1981-2010、peaks:1977-present)[3]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[4] the population of Koshigaya has increased rapidly from the 1960s.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 49,585—    
1970 139,368+181.1%
1980 223,241+60.2%
1990 285,259+27.8%
2000 308,307+8.1%
2010 326,423+5.9%

History[edit]

The area around Koshigaya was an inlet of the sea in the Jōmon period and was settle during the Yayoi or early Kofun period. In the Nara period, it was a border area straddling Musashi and Shimōsa Provinces. Koshigaya-shuku prospered during the Edo period as a post station on the Nikkō Kaidō and the Ōshū Kaidō highways, and the town served as the temporary residence of the Tokugawa shōgun after the 1657 Great Fire of Meireki which destroyed Edo Castle. The town also had a riverine connection with Edo and served as a transportation and transshipment center.

The town of Koshigaya (then spelled 越ヶ谷) was created within Minamisaitama District, Saitama with the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. It annexed the neighboring villages of Ozawa, Niikata, Sakurai, Obukuro, Ogishima, Dewa, Gamo, Osagami, and Masubayashi on November 3, 1954 and changed the spelling if its name to its present form. Koshigaya annexed neighboring village of Soka on November 3, 1955. Koshigaya was elevated to city status on November 3, 1958.

Koshigaya was elevated further to special city status on April 1, 2003 and to core city status on April 1, 2015.

Government[edit]

Koshigaya has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 32 members. Koshigaya contributes four members to the Saitama Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Saitama 3rd district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy[edit]

Koshigaya is a major regional commercial center with a diversified industrial base.

Education[edit]

  • Bunkyo University
  • Saitama Prefectural University
  • Saitama Toho Junior College
  • Koshigaya has 30 public elementary schools and 15 public middle schools operated by the city government, and six public high schools operated by the Saitama Prefectural Board of Education. In addition, there are one private middle school and two private high schools. The prefecture also operates two special education schools for the handicapped.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

JR logo (east).svg JR EastMusashino Line

Tōbu Tetsudō Logo.svg Tōbu Railway - Tōbu Isesaki Line

Highway[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Noted people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Koshigaya city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Koshigaya climate data
  3. ^ "平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  4. ^ Koshigaya population statistics
  5. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 4 January 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2015.

External links[edit]