Karluk languages

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Karluk (Qarluq)
Southeastern Turkic
Geographic
distribution
Central Asia
Linguistic classificationTurkic
Early form
Subdivisions
  • Western Turki
  • Eastern Turki
GlottologNone
uygh1240  (Eastern Karluk (Uyghur))[1]
uzbe1247  (Western Karluk (Uzbek))[2]
Lenguas karluk.png
  Western Karluk     Eastern Karluk

The Karluk languages (also known as the Qarluq or Southeastern Common Turkic languages) are a sub-branch of the Turkic language family that developed from the varieties once spoken by Karluks.[3]

Many Middle Turkic works were written in these languages. The language of the Kara-Khanid Khanate was known as Turki, Ferghani, Kashgari or Khaqani. The language of the Chagatai Khanate was the Chagatai language.

Karluk Turkic was spoken in the Kara-Khanid Khanate, Chagatai Khanate, Yarkent Khanate and the Uzbek-speaking Khanate of Bukhara, Emirate of Bukhara, Khanate of Khiva and Khanate of Kokand.

Classification[edit]

Languages[edit]

Proto-Turkic Common Turkic Karluk Western
Eastern

Number of native speakers[edit]

The Turkic languages are a language family of at least 35 [4] documented languages, spoken by the Turkic peoples. The number of speakers derived from statistics or estimates (2019) and were rounded:[5][6]

Number Name Status Native speakers Country
1 Uzbek Normal 27,000,000  Uzbekistan
2 Uyghur Normal 11,000,000  China
3 Äynu Critically endangered 6,000  China
4 Ili Turki Severely endangered 100  China
Total Karluk languages Normal 38,000,000

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Modern Uyghur-Uzbek". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Uzbek". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Austin, Peter (2008). One Thousand Languages: Living, Endangered, and Lost. University of California Press. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-520-25560-9.
  4. ^ Dybo A.V., Chronology of Türkic languages and linguistic contacts of early Türks, Moscow, 2007, p. 766, "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2005-03-11. Retrieved 2005-03-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) (In Russian)
  5. ^ http://www.ethnologue.com/
  6. ^ http://glottolog.org/