|Languages||Kannada, Telugu, Sanskrit|
|5th century-10th century|
The Kadamba script (known as Pre-Old Kannada script) marks the birth of a dedicated script for writing Kannada and Telugu. It is a descendant of the Brahmi script, an abugida visually close to the Kalinga alphabet. The Kadamba script was developed during the reign of the Kadamba dynasty in the 4th–6th centuries. The Kadamba script is also known as Pre-Old-Kannada script. This script later became popular in what is today the state of Goa and was used to write Sanskrit, Kannada.
The Kadamba script is one of the oldest of the southern group of South Asian scripts that evolved from the Brahmi script. By 5th century CE it became different from other Brahmi variants and was used in southern Indian states of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. It evolved into the Old Kannada script by the 10th century CE and was used to write Kannada and Telugu. It is also related to Sinhala language's Sinhala script, abugida. Many scripts were derived from the Kadamba script, including the Pyu script.
During the rule of Kadamba dynasty (325-550), major change in the Brahmi script resulted in the Kadamba Kannada script, letters were shorter and round in shape. During (325 to 1000 AD) the rule of the Western Ganga dynasty in the southern parts of Karnataka the Kannada script used differently (also known as Ganga script) in rock edicts and copper plate inscriptions. During 6th to 10th century, the Telugu-Kannada alphabet stabilized during the rule of the Chalukyas of Badami from 500-1000 and Rastrakutas.
Inscriptions in Kadamba script
- Gudnapur Inscription on 20-foot-long stone pillar written in Kadamba script
- Copper plate inscriptions in Kadamba (Pre - Chalukya) script, Kadamba-Pallava script, Kannada-Telugu script are available at Chennai museum
|The Brahmic script and its descendants|
- "Scripts fading away with time". Retrieved 28 August 2013.
- Jayarajan, Paul M. (1 January 1976). History of the Evolution of the Sinhala Alphabet. Colombo Apothecaries' Company, Limited.
- Kipfer, Barbara Ann (2000). Encyclopedic Dictionary of Archaeology. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 692. ISBN 978-0-306-46158-3.
- Rajiv Ajjibal (16 December 2011). "Monuments crying for attention". The Hindu. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
- "Government Museum Chennai". Chennaimuseum.org. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
- Evolution of Kannada script
- story of Indian scripts - Evolution[permanent dead link]
- Chalukya Kannada script 690 AD
- Chalukya Kannada script 578 AD
- Vengi Kannada script 4th century AD
- Pyu script Pallava a Pyu equivalent script
- Ancient scripts timeline - Kadamba scripts
- Indus writing is multilingual: a part-syllabic system at work
- Indian Scripts -Brahmi to Devanagari
- South Asian Writing Systems
- Development of Brahmi script, second column is Kadamba script
- Kannada is older than Tamil script
- Coins of Kadambas os Banavasi
- Comparison of Brahmi and Kadamba-Pallava script (Salankayana script)
- Evolution of Telugu Character Graphs
- Important Discoveries in the recent past Andhra Pradesh