Jarrakan languages

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from Halls Creek to Wyndham and Kununurra along the Ord River in the eastern Kimberley region
Linguistic classificationOne of the world's primary language families
Jarrakan languages.png
Jarrakan languages (purple), among other non-Pama-Nyungan languages (grey)

The Jarrakan (formerly Djeragan) languages are a small family of Australian Aboriginal languages spoken in northern Australia. The name is derived from the word jarrak, which means "language" in Kija.

The three main Jarrakan languages are:

These are divided into two groups: Kijic, consisting of only Kija, and Miriwoongic, consisting of Miriwoong and Gajirrabeng; Dixon (2002) considers the latter to be a single language.

Doolboong may also have been a Jarrakan language, but this uncertain as it is extinct and essentially unattested.


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Jarrakan". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  • McGregor, William (2004). The Languages of the Kimberley, Western Australia. London, New York: Taylor & Francis. p. 40.