Ili Turki is an endangered Turkic language spoken primarily in China. In 2007, it was reported that there were around 30 families using it in China.
Ili Turki appears to belong to the Chagatay group of Turkic languages, although it exhibits a number of features that suggest a Kipchak substratum.
A comparison of Ili Turki's Chagatay and Kipchak features is shown below:
Kipchak & Chagatay features in Ili Turki
|*G > w after low vowels
||tyje+niŋ / et+tiŋ
||tʉjæ+nin / et+tin
||tʉjæ+niŋ / et+niŋ
||of the camel / of the meat
|*G > w > Ø after high vowels
|Loss of geminate consonants
Ili Turki is in China's Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture along the Ili River and its tributaries and in Yining. There may be some speakers in Kazakhstan. Ili Turki has no official status in either country.
- ^ Ili Turki at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Ili Turki". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- ^ Christopher Moseley, "Encyclopedia of the World's Endangered Languages", published by Routledge, 2007
- ^ Zhào Xiāngrú and Reinhard F. Hahn (1989). "The Ili Turk People and Their Language". Central Asiatic Journal. 33 (3/4): 261–285.
- ^ Reinhard F. Hahn (1991). "An Annotated Sample of Ili Turki". Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. 45 (1): 31–53.