Inspired by information on experiments on underwater habitats abroad (in particular, by Jacques Cousteau's Conshelf), the members of the amateur diving club "Ichthyander" in Donetsk embarked on the project of their own at a site by Tarkhankut Cape, Crimea.
In August 1966, in the first experiment, purely amateur, Ichthyander-66, a person spent three days continuously underwater. After newspaper news, the experiment attracted attention of authorities and scientist, and during Ichthyander-67 the habitat operated for two weeks. After Ichtyander-68 Ichtyander-70, after unsuccessful attempts to elevate it to a professional level, with state support, the project was discontinued. A 1968 Soviet popular science book Homo Aquaticus writes: "It so happened that after the 1967 expedition, an order was issued to dissolve the club". Ichthyander-68 was carried out during a short-lived attempt the members of the club to attach themselves to the Mining Science-Technical Society (Горное научно-техническое общество) to start research in underwater geodesy and drilling.
A memorial marker exists (a stone with a plaque and steel slabs) at the site.
- "Ichthyander-66, an Underwater House in Tarkhankut", Tatiana Shevcnenko, Sobytiya Weekly ("«Ихтиандр-66» — подводный дом на Тарханкуте", Татьяна Шевченко, «События»)
- http://www.vokrugsveta.com/body/po_moram/ixtiandr2.htm "ПЕРВЫЕ ПОДВОДНЫЕ ДОМА"
- "ЮРИЙ КИКЛЕВИЧ", a bio of the engineering leader of the project
- http://gazeta.crimea.ua/news/print/troe-sytok-pod-vodoi-v-samodelnom-ihtiandre-8143 Archived 2013-12-16 at the Wayback Machine, Татьяна Шевченко "Крымская газета", Krymskaya Gazeta
- Ихтиандры с мыса Тарханкут, Vokrug Sveta, #2, 1967
- Note: Ichthyander was the name of the main character of the Soviet science fiction novel and film, The Amphibian Man
- Чернов А. Гомо аквактикус, 1968, Молодая гвардия, chapter "Ихтиандр-66" таврический
- "Aquanautics in the Ukraine" (АКВАНАВТИКА В УКРАИНЕ), "Aqua Magazine", 2003, #2, a section about Ichthyander