- This page is a selective overview of user preferences. For full details see Meta:Help:Preferences.
- This is Help:Preferences. The talk page for Special:Preferences is at Wikipedia talk:Special:Preferences.
Preferences are the seventy or so user options for browsing, editing, searching, notifications, and more. A link to your Preferences page is available at the top of every Wikipedia page when you have an account, alongside links to your other account services such as your Contributions. Another way to get there is by navigating to the Special:Preferences page.
Once at your Preferences page, you can control much of the Wikipedia user interface through the many feature settings provided by MediaWiki (the software of Wikipedia): skins, plug-ins, date formats, a signature, and more. For example, you can select to be prompted to enter an edit summary if you forget to. The Preferences page also presents a link to customize your CSS to adjust your page style details.
At their site, MediaWiki maintains a browser compatibility matrix. The time you spend in getting an account, setting your preferences, finding tools and testing your browser (before you ever lose an edit) will pay off.
Feature requests can be made, and bugs reported, as described at Wikipedia:Phabricator. The current set of preferences are largely the result of issues raised by newcomers at places such as the Village pump, and driven by regulars who hold long discussions and collectively drive issues.
- 1 Preferences page
- 2 User profile
- 3 Appearance
- 4 Editing
- 5 Recent changes
- 6 Watchlist
- 7 Notifications
- 8 Gadgets
- 9 Beta features
- 10 Other tools
- 11 See also
- 12 Notes
You do not need to click Save on every tab on the Preferences page, as the Save button affects all changes on all Preferences tabs. You can go from tab to tab setting all your preferences before saving, because Save remembers your changes on the other tabs. To forget unsaved changes, simply leave the page without saving. If you wish to undo your saved changes, you will need to reset them manually.
The default settings are aimed at newcomers editing articles. Intermediate editors tend to activate more features, such as "warn me if I forgot an edit summary", and advanced editors and administrators use the special settings, gadgets and editors for their tasks.
If you have chosen to make your Wikipedia login a global account, you will have the same username and password on Sister projects such as Wiktionary, at MediaWiki.org itself, and on the Wikipedia of other languages. Each of your account's preferences are independent because each wiki is a website, with their own administration (namespaces, settings, accounts, etc.). Even the word "Preferences" on the top may be set differently! At Simple Wikipedia it says "My settings".
- Lists your account details and some statistics.(e.g. number of edits)
- Allows you to view/manage your global account info.
- This is where you change your password.
- Change the language of user-interface messages. It does not affect articles and other pages made by editors. Note that many interface messages have been customized at the English Wikipedia but usually only for the default "en - English" which may for example add links to relevant help pages, processes and policies. It is therefore not recommended to select "en-GB - British English" or "en-CA - Canadian English" which make a few spelling changes but omit many useful customizations. Foreign languages also omit customizations but may still be preferred by users with poor English abilities.
- Option to specify your preferred pronoun in order for the software to grammatically refer to you correctly.
- More language settings: allows you to set the language in which Wikipedia menus and fonts are displayed; additionally, an option to set the language you edit in (input tools must be enabled).
- Displays the signature that will appear when you sign talk pages.
- Allows you to edit the signature, either using wiki markup (the option must be checked), or just plain text.
- An option to provide an email address. Although this is optional, please read the warning about losing your password and not having an email address on file.
- Options about use of your email address: enabling email from other users, sending copies of emails you send to other users, and receiving email when a page or file on your watchlist is changed.
- Before using email you must confirm your email address. See Help:Email confirmation
- "Email me when a page or file on my watchlist is changed", see Help:Email notification
Change the web browser experience.
- Choose the "skin", or "theme" of how Wikipedia is displayed.
- Option to set your date and time preferences; this is how dates will appear in article History pages, logs, etc. If set to "No preference", the format is HH:MM, DD MMMM YYYY (UTC), for example: 00:23, 29 November 2019 (UTC).
- Shows the server time (UTC) and the local time based on the optional Time zone setting. You may opt to use the server time (UTC), have the offset calculated by the clock in your computer, or specify an offset from UTC in hours or by location.
- This does not affect times saved in editable pages such as timestamps in signatures. For that, see Wikipedia:Comments in Local Time.
- The images in an article are just a thumbnail (a preview). These will always be one of eight possible Thumbnail sizes. For the larger screen sizes choose the maximum, and for the smaller screen sizes choose the minimum thumbnail size. The default 220px is a midrange thumbnail-size. Have you changed your font size? Then you should match that font size to your chosen thumbnail size to increase caption readability.
- You can target the Image size limit of the file page main image, (displayed in the front matter). On a faster network choose a larger size, and on a slower network choose a smaller Image size limit. The default 800×600px is a midrange Image size limit. File pages are on Commons wiki, and if logged in there, going there overrides your settings here.
- Note that you can both turn off Media Viewer and set a small Image size limit, and yet you will not limit your ability to avail yourself of any high resolution images listed at the bottom of that file page, when wanted. Doing so you can get full manual control of any unwanted, automatic bogging-down of your surfing speed caused by automated choices concerning File namespace interactions initiated by clicking on an image.
- Option to not show page content below the diffs; checking this will suppress the page preview of the difference you're viewing.
- Option to omit a diff after performing a rollback
- Chose to display hyperlinks with underlines in your browser window always, never, or by browser or Wikipedia-skin default.
- Format links as stub links when the article they link to is smaller than the threshold you set on file size. Stub link formatting changes the link color to the dark brown displayed in this option's text. This option can help you see links to small articles (more likely to be stubs) so that you might expand them. It is also useful for spotting links to disambiguation pages, which are also relatively small. They are usually linked to in error, but often contain on their list a link to the correct article, making this error easy to fix.
- Show hidden categories.
- Number section headings.
- Choose PNG, TeX, or MathJax for displaying mathematical formulas.
- Option to show a link to courses in which you've enrolled.
Concerning the edit page, its initiation, look and feel, Wikipedia offers a remarkable number of options. Some of them are:
- "Prompt me when entering a blank edit summary (or the default undo summary)" into the database. (Habit-forming.)
- "Enable VisualEditor". Get a word processor interface. No markup language at all.
The font size for edit box can be set in Wikipedia editing preferences or in the browser. In Firefox there are two font-size settings at Options → Content → "Default font" Advanced..., one for the edit box, and one for the rest of the page. If you just want uniformity, check to see if it allows Wikipedia to choose its own font; then you set Wikipedia's "Edit Area Font Style" to "Serif" or "Sans Serif", and the font size in the edit box will match the rest of the page.
Two editing toolbars are offered that will span the top of the edit box. (Wikipedia:Reftoolbar shows versions.)
- "Show edit toolbar" is the legacy 1.0 version that gives a row of buttons. (See m:help:Edit toolbar for details.)
- "Enable enhanced editing toolbar" gives a frame with icons. It is a default feature that can be turned off.
- Preferences → Recent changes → Display options & Advanced options = meta:Help:Preferences#Recent changes
Recent changes refer to changes of pages in the database. Every time a wiki page is edited, and changes were actually made, a record is kept of the difference. For example, a page history shows the revisions for that particular page. But recent changes can report on more than just the revisions of a page, or an entire wiki, they can also report on the recent changes of an editor (their contributions). The user preferences for recent changes are the style in which these lists of revisions will appear:
- Length of the list
- Time window of the list
- Grouping methods of the list
The watchlist has even more finely tuned preferences, because like the edit window, it is often a core tool for editors.
More information about these various histories can be found at the following places. For global changes to Wikipedia pages, see Help:Recent changes. For user contributions, see Help:User contributions. For page histories, see Help:Page history. For other types of logs see Help:Log.
These settings are for advanced editors who have a detailed understanding of the five pillars and of the templates used to mark judgments on the page. Pending changes refers to the style of the presentation of
- new page "curation" tools: curation toolbar and new pages feed, and
- how recent changes appear on the page history of certain pages that have been configured for protection by reviewing any changes before they are applied to the public version of the page.
For an example of a page history showing the pending changes feature, click on the history of a page listed at Special:PendingChanges.
The watchlist options include which pages, and what "recent" means to you.
If your Preferences has "Email me when a page or file on my watchlist is changed" set (at the bottom of the "User profile" tab), then only by visiting a page will you actually set its email notification flag.
Once you miss the email for a particular page change or don't visit the page (or ignore the email), you will not receive any more emails for that page. You can still dutifully monitor that page by its watchlist edit-summaries, but its particular email notification flag will remain unset until you visit it. This facilitates monitoring a large watchlist while preventing potentially useless emails to you.
In case you want to set all email notifications anyway, you can at any time mark all pages "visited". If your Preferences → Gadgets has "Display pages on your watchlist that have changed since your last visit in bold", then your watchlist will have a button labeled "Mark all pages visited". That button will effectively set all of your email notification flags.
These settings alter the new-messages bar, Special:Notifications, and the "(thank)" buttons:
- [x] Display a floating alert when I have new talk page messages (to show new-messages bar )
- [x] Exclude me from feature experiments (to remove "thank" buttons)
- Section: Notify me about these events
Web Talk page post [_] [_] (click one or both) Thanks [_] [_] Mention [_] [_] Failed mention [_] [_] Successful mention [_] [_] Page link [_] [_] Page review [_] [_] User rights change [_] [_] Edit revert [_] [_] Email from other user [_] [_] Education Program [_] [_]
The options for Notifications were first added in May 2013. See Wikipedia Signpost topic "English-language Wikipedia to be first to receive Echo deployment" for a brief overview.
There is also options to allow email notification, tick the appropriate boxes to enable this feature.
- Language translating
- Media files, search results, and diffs
- Twinkle admin tools for the advancing editor
- Teahouse for the new editor question
- Mousing over or hovering over an inline citation to read it
- Citation modifying/expediting/proving
- Colorizing wikitext; Character toolsets
- Categorizing; Reviewing new articles; Filing disputes
- The Wiki Editor, WikEd, and WikEdDiff
- Editing the introductory section.
- Admin tools; Changing and adding to page layouts and controls
- Displaying diffs, or animations, or your very own local time on all timestamps
- Enabling an external search engine for searching Wikipedia
- Show the assessed class of an article, Featured, A, B, C, etc.
- Regular expression tools
- Tracking software bugs
- Patrolling recent changes
Beta Features is a way for to test new features on Wikipedia and other Wikimedia sites before they are released for everyone.
The MediaWiki preferences page offers a set of options for the generic user. If you discover a special role on Wikipedia, there is probably a powerful tool for it at WP:Tools#Browsing and editing.
- Wikipedia:Database reports/User preferences
- The danger in using Live preview is on first use with an incompatible browser. Try a simple test: make a change to the edit box, then reload the page.
- Compiled by the Mozilla Contributors.