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Help:Link color

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In Wikipedia, the color of a link shows the status of the corresponding target page. The default colors (in the Vector skin) have the following meanings: See also Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Accessibility/Colors.

Link style Type Color Color
blue link link to a Wikipedia page that currently exists #0645AD = rgb(6,69,173)  
dark blue link link to a Wikipedia page that exists and that you have visited #0B0080 = rgb(11,0,128)  
red link link to a page that does not currently exist within Wikipedia #BA0000 = rgb(186,0,0)  
light brown link link to a Wikipedia page that does not exist, but that you have visited #A55858 = rgb(165,88,88)  
brown link link to a very short article within Wikipedia, but only if the user has set a preference option to format "stub" links in this way #772233 = rgb(119,34,51)  
light blue link 1
light blue link 2
link to a page at another wiki, usually another Wikimedia project or an external link
Note that the light blue color is used whether or not the page actually exists at the target wiki. For example, there is an article about George Washington Carver here on the English Wikipedia, while there is no article of the same name on the Japanese Wikipedia; but they do have an article about the same man under a different title.
#3366BB = rgb(51,102,187)  
purple link link to a page on another site that has been visited #663366 = rgb(102,51,102)  

Note that the colors in the boxes may appear darker than text of the same color; also, larger or bold text will tend to look darker. Furthermore, the actual color seen by a user will vary slightly according to their operating system, desktop settings, and browser, as well as their monitor and (for low-end LCDs) viewing angle. Logged-in users can also change the colors they see by selecting a different skin or using custom CSS.

Custom colors

Normal text

For normal text the {{color}} template with two parameters can be used; name of color or hex code of color and text. However, prose text intended for readers should never be manually colored. (MOS:PROSECOLOR)

{{color|orange|Hello, world!}}Hello, world!

{{color|#00F000|Hello, world!}}Hello, world!

Links

Refrain from implementing colored links that may impede user ability to distinguish links from regular text, or color links for purely aesthetic reasons. (MOS:COLOR)

Styling individual links on a page

You can set the color of an individual link or set of links on page (rather than a global change to the style of all links on Wikipedia) as follows. Setting styles in this way will apply to everyone who views those particular links or that particular page, not just you. However, links intended for readers should never be manually colored.(MOS:LINKCOLOR)

The {{Colored link}} template takes two parameters to function : the color of the link, the article being linked to, and a optional third parameter for alternative text to display as a piped link.

{{colored link|orange|Canada}}Canada

{{colored link|#00F000|Page name to link|Alternative text}}Alternative text

Or

You can turn links a different color like so:

Markup
*[[example|<span style="color:Orange;">This page exists.</span>]]
*[[exampl|<span style="color:green;">This page does not exist.</span>]]
Renders as

Or, if you desire existence checking you can try:

Markup
*[[example|{{#ifexist: example|<span style="color:Orange;">This page exists.</span>|This page does not exist.}}]]
*[[exampl|{{#ifexist: exampl|<span style="color:green;">This page exists.</span>|This page does not exist.}}]]
Renders as

External links

A similar styled span can be added within an external link:

Markup
*[http://example.com <span style="color:green;">Example external link</span>]
Renders as

Styling all links just for you

You can also customize link colors by editing the CSS at your skin subpage. This is a change which will apply to all links throughout the site, but will only be visible to you

The standard link selectors are:

  • a:link — defines the style for normal unvisited links
  • a:visited — defines the style for visited links
  • a:active — defines the style for active links; links become active once you click on them
  • a:hover — defines the style for hovered links; links hover when the mouse moves over it

Colors are defined by hexadecimal characters: see web colors.

/* standard link colors */
.mw-body-content a:link { color: #0000FF; } /* normal unvisited links */
.mw-body-content a:link:visited { color: #0B0080; } /* visited links */
.mw-body-content a:link:active { color: #FF0000; } /* active links */
.mw-body-content a:link.new { color: #FF0000; } /* new links */
.mw-body-content a:link.extiw { color: #3366BB; } /* interwiki links */
.mw-body-content a:link.external { color: #3366BB; } /* external links */
.mw-body-content a:link.stub { color: #772233; } /* hovered links */

.mw-body-content a:link {color: #FF0000}
.mw-body-content a:visited {color: #00FF00}
.mw-body-content a:hover {color: #FF00FF}
.mw-body-content a:active {color: #0000FF}

Notes:

  • a:hover must come after a:link and a:visited
  • a:active must come after a:hover
  • you need to have ".mw-body-content" in front of the standard link definition, because otherwise the default definition on this website will still take precedence over what you have defined.

Redirect

Show redirects as green links:

.mw-body-content a.mw-redirect {color:#308050}
.mw-body-content a.mw-redirect:visited {color:#3070A0}

External

Show external links as green links:

.mw-body-content a.external {color: #008000}
.mw-body-content a.external:visited {color: #008000}

Text decoration

This allows formatting such as underlines. For example:

.mw-body-content a:link {color: #000000; text-decoration: underline; }

Possible values are:

  • none
  • underline
  • overline
  • line-through

Font family

This will change the link font:

.mw-body-content a:link {font-family: monospace}

Preferences

The "display links to disambiguation pages in orange" feature, located in the gadgets tab of the preferences menu (under the "appearance" section), shows you all links to disambiguation pages in orange.

Scripts

User:Anomie/linkclassifier is a popular script that customizes colors to indicate links such as pages to be deleted, nonfree-media, redirects, protected pages and more.

'Link' without target

Editors can't directly create the <a> tag to write link-like text (same styles) without using [[...]] and actually linking somewhere. A workaround to achieve this is to use the toctogglelabel class in an element. For example: <span class="toctogglelabel">this seems like a link but has no target</span> creates this seems like a link but has no target. The same color manipulation explained previously can be applied naturally.

See also

Information icon.svg Help desk
HTML name Hex code
R  G  B
Decimal code
R   G   B
Pink colors
Pink FF C0 CB 255 192 203
LightPink FF B6 C1 255 182 193
HotPink FF 69 B4 255 105 180
DeepPink FF 14 93 255  20 147
PaleVioletRed DB 70 93 219 112 147
MediumVioletRed C7 15 85 199  21 133
Red colors
LightSalmon FF A0 7A 255 160 122
Salmon FA 80 72 250 128 114
DarkSalmon E9 96 7A 233 150 122
LightCoral F0 80 80 240 128 128
IndianRed CD 5C 5C 205  92  92
Crimson DC 14 3C 220  20  60
FireBrick B2 22 22 178  34  34
DarkRed 8B 00 00 139   0   0
Red FF 00 00 255   0   0
Orange colors
OrangeRed FF 45 00 255  69   0
Tomato FF 63 47 255  99  71
Coral FF 7F 50 255 127  80
DarkOrange FF 8C 00 255 140   0
Orange FF A5 00 255 165   0
Gold FF D7 00 255 215   0
Yellow colors
Yellow FF FF 00 255 255   0
LightYellow FF FF E0 255 255 224
LemonChiffon FF FA CD 255 250 205
LightGoldenrodYellow FA FA D2 250 250 210
PapayaWhip FF EF D5 255 239 213
Moccasin FF E4 B5 255 228 181
PeachPuff FF DA B9 255 218 185
PaleGoldenrod EE E8 AA 238 232 170
Khaki F0 E6 8C 240 230 140
DarkKhaki BD B7 6B 189 183 107
Brown colors
Cornsilk FF F8 DC 255 248 220
BlanchedAlmond FF EB CD 255 235 205
Bisque FF E4 C4 255 228 196
NavajoWhite FF DE AD 255 222 173
Wheat F5 DE B3 245 222 179
BurlyWood DE B8 87 222 184 135
Tan D2 B4 8C 210 180 140
RosyBrown BC 8F 8F 188 143 143
SandyBrown F4 A4 60 244 164  96
Goldenrod DA A5 20 218 165  32
DarkGoldenrod B8 86 0B 184 134  11
Peru CD 85 3F 205 133  63
Chocolate D2 69 1E 210 105  30
SaddleBrown 8B 45 13 139  69  19
Sienna A0 52 2D 160  82  45
Brown A5 2A 2A 165  42  42
Maroon 80 00 00 128   0   0
Green colors
DarkOliveGreen 55 6B 2F  85 107  47
Olive 80 80 00 128 128   0
OliveDrab 6B 8E 23 107 142  35
YellowGreen 9A CD 32 154 205  50
LimeGreen 32 CD 32  50 205  50
Lime 00 FF 00   0 255   0
LawnGreen 7C FC 00 124 252   0
Chartreuse 7F FF 00 127 255   0
GreenYellow AD FF 2F 173 255  47
SpringGreen 00 FF 7F   0 255 127
MediumSpringGreen 00 FA 9A   0 250 154
LightGreen 90 EE 90 144 238 144
PaleGreen 98 FB 98 152 251 152
DarkSeaGreen 8F BC 8F 143 188 143
MediumSeaGreen 3C B3 71  60 179 113
SeaGreen 2E 8B 57  46 139  87
ForestGreen 22 8B 22  34 139  34
Green 00 80 00   0 128   0
DarkGreen 00 64 00   0 100   0
Cyan colors
MediumAquamarine 66 CD AA 102 205 170
Cyan 00 FF FF   0 255 255
LightCyan E0 FF FF 224 255 255
PaleTurquoise AF EE EE 175 238 238
Aquamarine 7F FF D4 127 255 212
Turquoise 40 E0 D0  64 224 208
MediumTurquoise 48 D1 CC  72 209 204
DarkTurquoise 00 CE D1   0 206 209
LightSeaGreen 20 B2 AA  32 178 170
CadetBlue 5F 9E A0  95 158 160
DarkCyan 00 8B 8B   0 139 139
Teal 00 80 80   0 128 128
Blue colors
LightSteelBlue B0 C4 DE 176 196 222
PowderBlue B0 E0 E6 176 224 230
LightBlue AD D8 E6 173 216 230
SkyBlue 87 CE EB 135 206 235
LightSkyBlue 87 CE FA 135 206 250
DeepSkyBlue 00 BF FF   0 191 255
DodgerBlue 1E 90 FF  30 144 255
CornflowerBlue 64 95 ED 100 149 237
SteelBlue 46 82 B4  70 130 180
RoyalBlue 41 69 E1  65 105 225
Blue 00 00 FF   0   0 255
MediumBlue 00 00 CD   0   0 205
DarkBlue 00 00 8B   0   0 139
Navy 00 00 80   0   0 128
MidnightBlue 19 19 70  25  25 112
Purple colors
Lavender E6 E6 FA 230 230 250
Thistle D8 BF D8 216 191 216
Plum DD A0 DD 221 160 221
Violet EE 82 EE 238 130 238
Orchid DA 70 D6 218 112 214
Magenta FF 00 FF 255   0 255
MediumOrchid BA 55 D3 186  85 211
MediumPurple 93 70 DB 147 112 219
BlueViolet 8A 2B E2 138  43 226
DarkViolet 94 00 D3 148   0 211
DarkOrchid 99 32 CC 153  50 204
DarkMagenta 8B 00 8B 139   0 139
Purple 80 00 80 128   0 128
Indigo 4B 00 82  75   0 130
DarkSlateBlue 48 3D 8B  72  61 139
SlateBlue 6A 5A CD 106  90 205
MediumSlateBlue 7B 68 EE 123 104 238
White/Gray/Black colors
White FF FF FF 255 255 255
Snow FF FA FA 255 250 250
Honeydew F0 FF F0 240 255 240
MintCream F5 FF FA 245 255 250
Azure F0 FF FF 240 255 255
AliceBlue F0 F8 FF 240 248 255
GhostWhite F8 F8 FF 248 248 255
WhiteSmoke F5 F5 F5 245 245 245
Seashell FF F5 EE 255 245 238
Beige F5 F5 DC 245 245 220
OldLace FD F5 E6 253 245 230
FloralWhite FF FA F0 255 250 240
Ivory FF FF F0 255 255 240
AntiqueWhite FA EB D7 250 235 215
Linen FA F0 E6 250 240 230
LavenderBlush FF F0 F5 255 240 245
MistyRose FF E4 E1 255 228 225
Gainsboro DC DC DC 220 220 220
LightGray D3 D3 D3 211 211 211
Silver C0 C0 C0 192 192 192
DarkGray A9 A9 A9 169 169 169
Gray 80 80 80 128 128 128
DimGray 69 69 69 105 105 105
LightSlateGray 77 88 99 119 136 153
SlateGray 70 80 90 112 128 144
DarkSlateGray 2F 4F 4F  47  79  79
Black 00 00 00   0   0   0