Gour Kishore Ghosh

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Gour Kishore Ghosh (20 June 1923 – 15 December 2000) was a Bengali writer and journalist. Associated with Anandabazar Patrika for decades, Ghosh was an eminent writer known for his novels Desh Mati Manush and Prem Nei. He was the first editor of Aajkaal.

Gour Kishore Ghosh
Native name
গৌর কিশোর ঘোষ
Born20 June 1923 (1923-06-20)
Gopalpur, Jessore District, Bengal Presidency, British India
(now in Bangladesh)
DiedDecember 15, 2000(2000-12-15) (aged 77)
Calcutta, West Bengal, India
Pen nameRupadarshi (রূপদর্শী)
OccupationJournalism
NationalityBritish Indian, Indian
Alma materNabadwip Bakultala High School
Notable awards

Early life[edit]

Ghosh was born in Hat Gopalpur village in the Jessore district in undivided Bengal, (presently Bangladesh), on 20 June 1923.[1] He completed his schooling in Nabadwip, and completed his intermediate science (I.Sc.) examinations in 1945.[citation needed]

Due to poverty, Ghosh could not continue his education further and had to become a professional soon after.[2]

He varied his professions between 1941 and 1953. Amongst others, he worked as private tutor, electrician and fitter, sailor, waiter at restaurants, trade union organiser, schoolteacher, manager of a touring dance troupe, land customs clearing clerk, proof reader and others, until from an interim job as a border customs clerk he joined a new daily newspaper, Satyayuga[3] where his distinctive writing style earned him promotion to editor of two feature sections. Thus, he settled at his chosen profession, that of a reporter / journalist.

Journalistic and literary career[edit]

Ghosh wrote columns in the literary weekly Desh and in Calcutta's largest vernacular daily, Anandabazar Patrika, of which he also became senior editor. He portrayed the agony of West Bengal during the Naxalite movement from 1969 to 1971, in sharp satire, in his "News Commentary by Rupadarshi". He often wrote under his pen-name, Rupadarshi.

After the emergency was imposed upon India in 1975, Ghosh shaved his head and wrote a symbolic letter to his 13-year-old son explaining his act of "bereavement" over the loss of his freedom to write. Published in Kolkata, a Bengali monthly, this letter caused his arrest, was widely circulated through the underground and became a classic of protest. He was sent to jail along with another reporter Barun Sengupta.[4] Ghosh smuggled from prison two other letters on abuses of authoritarian rule before, in his cell, he suffered a third heart attack.

Although reinstated as a senior editor of Ananda Bazar Patrika after the emergency ended and he had recovered from his illness, Ghosh started Aajkaal (This Time), in collaboration with a few associates in early 80's.

After a short stint with Aajkal, he wrote for Anandabazar Patrika till the end.

His weekly satirical column was famous, as also a series of humorous stories. His mature work chose the rather neglected field of interaction between Hindu and Muslim societies.[3]

Among his lighter works, Brojoda, although not as popular as Feluda, GhanaDa and Tenida, has left his distinct mark in the so-called dada-literature of Bengal.[5]

Awards[edit]

Ghosh's awards include:

  1. Ananda Purashkar for Literature (1970)
  2. Ko Joy Uk Memorial award (1976), from the South Korean Government.[6]
  3. Ramon Magsaysay Award (1981) for Journalism, Literature and Creative Communication Arts.[7]
  4. Maharashtra Government Award (1981).
  5. Bankim Puraskar (1982).
  6. Hardayal Harmony Award (1993).
  7. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Award (1993).[8]

List of major works[edit]

Short story collections:

  1. Ei Kolkatay (1952)
  2. Mon Maney Na (1955)
  3. Sagina Mahato (1969)
  4. Poschimbongo Ek Promod Toroni, Ha ha! (1969)
  5. Aamra Jekhaney (June 1970)
  6. Prem ney
  7. Jol Porey Pata Norey
  8. Brojodar Goolpo Samagra

Sagina Mahato, a story written by him in remembrance of a colleague of his in his political activist past, was successfully adopted into movies in Hindi (Sagina)[9] and Bengali (Sagina Mahato)[10] by Tapan Sinha, with the famous thespian Dilip Kumar playing the part of the protagonist Sagina Mahato in both instances.

Personal life[edit]

He had two daughters and a son.[citation needed] He was known for his Spartan living. His early political inspiration came from M. N. Roy's Radical Humanism, but in his later years he veered towards the ideals of Gandhi.[citation needed]

He died on 15 December 2000.[8] In 2011, a Kolkata Metro station was named after him.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "গৌরকিশোর : নিরীশ্বরবাদ বনাম ঈশ্বরের পথ (স্মৃতিচারণ)". BanglaLive. 19 June 2020. Archived from the original on 11 July 2020. Retrieved 11 July 2020.
  2. ^ "Dipped in Death". Archived from the original on 16 July 2011.
  3. ^ a b Fruzzetti, Lina; Östör, Ákos (24 July 2003). Calcutta Conversations. Orient Blackswan. ISBN 9788180280092. Archived from the original on 1 July 2022. Retrieved 4 December 2020 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ The crusade and end of Indira raj by Sudhansu Kumar Ghose – 1978 – Page 19
  5. ^ "OPEN LETTERRemembering dadas of yore | Kolkata News - Times of India". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 8 August 2019. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  6. ^ "Sorry!!". www.thesundayindian.com. Archived from the original on 14 October 2018. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  7. ^ "1981 Ramon Magsaysay Awardee for Journalism, Literature, and the Creative Communication Arts - Gour Kishore Ghosh". Archived from the original on 22 June 2004.
  8. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 July 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2009.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Sagina". Archived from the original on 12 May 2009. Retrieved 30 June 2009 – via www.imdb.com.
  10. ^ "Sagina Mahato". Archived from the original on 28 May 2012. Retrieved 30 June 2009 – via www.imdb.com.
  11. ^ "Two Kolkata Metro stations to be named after journalists". Archived from the original on 7 August 2017.