National freeway 1

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TWHW1.svg

National freeway 1
Zhongshan Freeway
Route information
Maintained by Taiwan Area National Freeway Bureau
Length374.3 km[1] (232.6 mi)
Existed31 October 1978–present
Major junctions
North end Prov 2 in Ren'ai
 
South end Prov 17 in Qianzhen
Location
Major citiesKeelung, Taipei, New Taipei, Taoyuan, Zhubei, Hsinchu, Taichung, Changhua, Chiayi, Tainan, Kaohsiung
Highway system
Highway system in Taiwan
Nat 10Nat 2
Freeway No. 1
Chinese國道1號

National freeway 1, also known as Sun Yat-sen Freeway (Chinese: 中山高速公路; pinyin: Zhōngshān gāosù gōnglù), is a freeway in Taiwan, the first freeway built in Taiwan. It begins in Keelung at the intersection of Xiao 2nd Road and Zhong 4th Road and ends in Kaohsiung at the intersection of Zhongshan 4th Road and Yugang Road, giving it a total length of 374.3 kilometres (232.6 mi). The Republic of China government named the freeway as Zhongshan (Chung-shan) Expressway in honor of Sun Yat-sen, the country's founding father.

The construction began in 1971. The north section between Keelung and Zhongli (now Zhongli District, Taoyuan) was completed in 1974, and the entire highway was opened in 1978. A 20.7-kilometre (12.9 mi) viaduct on top of the freeway between Xizhi and Wugu was completed in 1997 in order to expand the capacity of the road.

Lanes[edit]

The lanes in both directions are listed below.

  • 4 Lanes:
    • Keelung terminus – Exit 23 (Yuanshan)
    • Xizhi-Wugu Elevated Highway: Xizhi terminus – Exit 26 (Huanbei)
  • 6 Lanes:
    • Exit 23 (Yuanshan) – Exit 25 (Taipei)
    • Exit 52 (Airport System) – Exit 192 (Changhua System)
    • Exit 198 (Changhua) – Exit 356 (Nanzi) (special measures adopted in partial sections)
    • Exit 367 (Kaohsiung) – Kaohsiung terminus
    • Xizhi-Wugu Elevated Highway: Exit 26 (Huanbei) – Wugu terminus
  • 8 Lanes:
    • Exit 25 (Taipei) – Exit 52 (Airport System)
    • Exit 192 (Changhua System) – Exit 198 (Changhua)
    • Exit 356 (Nanzi) – Exit 362 (Dingjin System)
  • 10 Lanes:
    • Exit 362 (Dingjin System) – Exit 367 (Kaohsiung)

Exit list[edit]

CountyLocationkm[1][2]miExitName[3][4]DestinationsNotes
Keelung CityRen'ai0.00.0 Prov 2 (Chenggong Second Road)
Qidu1.10.681Keelung To Prov 5 – Badu, Jinshan
2.61.62Badu Prov 2D / Prov 62 – Ruifang, NuannuanNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
5.03.15Dahua System Prov 62 – Wanli, RuibinNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
6.84.26WuduWudu
New Taipei CityXizhi10.56.510Xizhi Prov 5B to Prov 5A – Xizhi
11.57.111Xizhi System Nat 3 to Nat 5 – Wanli, MuzhaSigned as exit 10 southbound
12.88.012Xizhi TerminusTWHW1.svg Xizhi–Wugu Elevated Road – Wugu, TidingNorthern terminus of viaduct (collector-express system); southbound entrance to viaduct
Taipei CityNeihu15.29.415DonghuKangning RoadNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
16.610.316ANeihuNanjing East RoadSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
16.810.416BChenggong RoadSigned as exit 16 northbound
Zhongshan22.914.223AYuanshanBinjiang StreetNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
23.214.423BJianguo North Road / Songjiang RoadSigned as exit 23 southbound
Datong25.115.625Taipei Prov 2B (Chongcing North Road) – Downtown Taipei, ShilinSigned as exits 25A (north) and 25B (south) southbound
Tamsui River25.9–
26.3
16.1–
16.3
Tamsui River Bridge [zh]
New Taipei CitySanchong27.116.827Sanchong Cty 103 (Sanhe Road) / Cty 104 south (Chongyang Road) – Sanchong
Wugu32.920.432Wugu TransferTWHW1.svg Xizhi–Wugu Elevated Road – Xizhi, TidingNorthbound transfer onto viaduct
33.120.633Wugu Prov 64 / Prov 65 south / Cty 107A (Xinwu Road) – Xinzhuang, Wugu
Taishan35.822.235Taishan TransferTWHW1.svg Wugu–Yangmei Elevated Road – Taoyuan Airport, HukouSouthbound transfer onto viaduct
New Taipei CityTaoyuan City borderLinkouGuishan border40.925.441ALinkou Cty 105 (Wenhua First Road) – Linkou, Guishan
42.326.341BLinkou, Guishan
Taoyuan CityLuzhu49.130.549Taoyuan Prov 4 – Taoyuan District, Nankan
Taoyuan District52.732.752Airport System Nat 2 to Nat 3 – Taoyuan District, Dayuan, Taoyuan Airport
Zhongli55.234.3Zhongli Service Area
57.035.457Neili Cty 110A (Zhongyuan Road) – Dayuan, ZhongliSigned as exits 57A (north) and 57B (south) northbound
59Zhongli TransferWugu–Yangmei Elevated Road
TWHW1.svg north – Taoyuan Airport, Wugu
TWHW1.svg south – Hukou
Northbound and southbound transfer onto viaduct
ZhongliPingzhen district line62.438.862Zhongli Cty 114 (Minzu Road) – Zhongli, Pingzhen, Xinwu
Pingzhen65.040.465Pingzhen System Prov 66 – Daxi, Guanyin
Yangmei67.341.867YoushiYouth Industrial Park
69.243.069Yangmei Prov 1 (Zhongshan North Road) – Puxin, Yangmei
71.0Yangmei TerminusTWHW1.svg Wugu–Yangmei Elevated Road – Taoyuan Airport, WuguSouthern terminus of viaduct (collector-express system), northbound entrance to viaduct
HsinchuHukou83.852.183HukouHukou, Xinfeng, Hsinchu Industrial Park
85.9–
87.1
53.4–
54.1
Hukou Service Area
Zhubei91.056.591Zhubei Guangming Sixth Road to CR 120 – Qionglin, Zhubei
Hsinchu CityEast District94.258.595AHsinchuGongdao Fifth Road
95.059.0 Cty 117 / Cty 122 (Guangfu Road) – Zhudong, Hsinchu
96.159.795BXinan Road – Hsinchu Science Park
Hsinchu CityHsinchu County borderEast DistrictBaoshan border96.760.1Yuanqu Second Road
HsinchuBaoshan99.461.899Hsinchu System Nat 3 – Zhunan, Taichung, Zhudong, TaipeiSigned as exits 99A (south) and 99B (north)
Hsinchu City
No major junctions
MiaoliToufen110.468.6110Toufen Prov 1 / Cty 124A east to Cty 124 – Sanwan, Toufen
Touwu126.078.3126Touwu Prov 13 – Zaoqiao, Touwu
Gongguan132.882.5132Miaoli Prov 6 – Gongguan, Miaoli
Tongluo140.187.1140Tongluo Prov 13 – Miaoli, Sanyi
Sanyi150.293.3150Sanyi Prov 13 – Sanyi
Taichung CityHouli158.4–
159.2
98.4–
98.9
Tai'an Service Area
160.699.8160Houli Cty 132 (Jiahou Road) – Houli, Waipu
Shengang165.5102.8165Taichung System Nat 4 to Nat 3 – Fengyuan, Qingshui
168.1104.5168Fengyuan Prov 10 – Fengyuan, Shengang
Xitun174.2108.2174Daya To Prov 1B (Zhongqing Road) – Taichung, Daya
178.6111.0178Taichung Prov 12 (Taiwan Boulevard) – Taichung, Shalu
Nantun181.4112.7181Nantun Cty 136 (Wuquan West Road) – Taichung, Longjing
Dadu189.4117.7189Wangtian Prov 1 – Wuri, Dadu
ChanghuaChanghua192.8119.8192Changhua System Nat 3 – Nantou, Dajia
198.4123.3198Changhua Prov 19 – Changhua, Lukang
DacunPuyan township line207.7129.1207Puyan System Prov 76 – Yuanlin, Caotun, Fuxing, Puyan
Xihu211.0131.1211Yuanlin Cty 148 – Puxin, Yuanlin, Xihu
Pitou220.1136.8220Beidou Cty 150 – Beidou, Pitou
YunlinXiluo229.6–
230.6
142.7–
143.3
Xiluo Service Area
230.5143.2230Xiluo Prov 1 – Citong, Xiluo
Huwei235.7146.5236Huwei Cty 145B – Douliu, Huwei
Dounan240.6149.5240Dounan Cty 158 (Daye Road) – Dounan, Huwei
Dapi243.8151.5243Yunlin System Prov 78 – Gukeng, Tuku
ChiayiDalin250.3155.5250Dalin Cty 162 – Dalin, Xikou
Minxiong257.2159.8257Minxiong Minxin Road to CR 164 – Minxiong, Xingang
Chiayi CityWest District264.3164.2264Chiayi Cty 159 – Chiayi, Xingang, Beigang
ChiayiShuishang271.0168.4270Shuishang Cty 168 – Shuishang, Puzi
272.9169.6272Chiayi System Prov 82 to Nat 3 – Shuishang, Lucao
Tainan CityHoubi284.4–
285.1
176.7–
177.2
Xinying Service Area
Xinying288.4179.2288Xinying Cty 172 – Xinying, Yanshui
Xiaying300.2186.5299Xiaying System Prov 84 east – Yujing
Madou303.7188.7303Madou Cty 176 – Madou, Jiali
Anding311.1193.3311Anding To Cty 178 – Shanhua, Anding
Xinshi315.5196.0315Tainan System Nat 8 to Nat 3 – Xinhua, Tainan
Yongkang319.6198.6319Yongkang Prov 1 (Zhongzheng North Road) – Yongkang, Tainan
324.4201.6324Dawan Cty 180 (Xiaodong Road, Fuxing Road, Dawan Road) – Yongkang, TainanSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
Rende327.4203.4327Tainan Cty 182 (Zhongshan Road) – Rende, Tainan
330.7205.5330Rende System Prov 86 – Guanmiao, Tainan
335.6–
336.5
208.5–
209.1
Rende Service Area
Kaohsiung CityLuzhu338.3210.2338Luzhu Prov 28 – Alian, Luzhu
342.0212.5342Kaohsiung ScienceKaohsiung Science Park
Yanchao349.4217.1349Gangshan Cty 186 – Yanchao, Gangshan
Nanzi356.2221.3356Nanzi Prov 22 (Qinan Road) – Dashe, Nanzi
356.9221.8Xingnan Road
NanziRenwu district line358.0222.5 Cty 183 – Nanzi, Renwu
Renwu362.4225.2362Dingjin System Nat 10 to Nat 3 – Cishan, Zuoying
Sanmin367.5228.4367AKaohsiung Prov 1 (Jiouru First Road)Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Lingya368.3228.9 Prov 1E (Jianguo First Road)Southbound exit and northbound entrance
368.7229.1367BZhongzheng First Road
369.0229.3367CSanduo First RoadNorthbound exit only
Fengshan369.6229.7369Ruilong RoadRuilong RoadSouthbound exit only
370.4230.2370Wujia System Prov 88 east – Pingtung CitySouthbound exit and northbound entrance
371.8231.0372Wujia Sanshang Street to CR 183 (Wujia Second Road) – FengshanNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
Qianzhen372.8231.6 Prov 17 (Zhongshan 4th Road)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Xizhi–Wugu Elevated Road[edit]

CountyLocationkm[1]miExitName[3][4]DestinationsNotes
New Taipei CityXizhi12.88.0 Nat 1 north
Taipei CityNeihu18.811.718TidingTiding Boulevard
Songshan20.712.920XiatayouBinjiang StreetNorthbound exit only
Datong26.116.226HuanbeiHuanhe North RoadNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
New Taipei CityWugu32.019.932Wugu TransferTWHW1.svg Wugu–Yangmei Elevated Road – Taoyuan Airport, YangmeiSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
32.119.933Wugu Prov 64 / Prov 65 south / Cty 107A (Xinwu Road) – Xinzhuang, WuguSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
32.920.4 Nat 1 south
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Wugu–Yangmei Elevated Road[edit]

CountyLocationkmmiExitName[3][4]DestinationsNotes
New Taipei CityWugu32.019.9TWHW1.svg Xizhi–Wugu Elevated Road – Xizhi, Tiding
Taishan35.822.235Taishan Transfer Nat 1 northNorthbound transfer to ground
TaoyuanTaoyuan District52.732.752Airport System Nat 2 west – Dayuan, Taoyuan AirportNo exit to eastbound
Zhongli59.737.159Zhongli Transfer Nat 1 north – Taoyuan
Nat 1 south – Zhongli
Northbound and southbound transfer to ground
Yangmei7144 Nat 1 south
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Freeway No. 1 – Distances of facilities (exits, service areas)". Taiwan Area National Freeway Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
  2. ^ Google (February 23, 2014). "National freeway 1" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved February 23, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c Relation: 國道一號中山高速公路(南下) (3745870) – OpenStreetMap (Map). Cartography by OpenStreetMap contributors. OpenStreetMap. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
  4. ^ a b c Relation: 國道一號中山高速公路(北上) (3745869) – OpenStreetMap (Map). Cartography by OpenStreetMap contributors. OpenStreetMap. Retrieved December 16, 2014.