El with hook

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Cyrillic letter
El with hook
Cyrillic letter el with hook.svg
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АБВГҐДЂ
ЃЕЀЁЄЖЗ
З́ЅИЍІЇЙ
ЈКЛЉМНЊ
ОПРСС́ТЋ
ЌУЎФХЦЧ
ЏШЩЪЫЬЭ
ЮЯ
Non-Slavic letters
А́А̀ӐА̄А̊А̃Ӓ
Ӓ̄В̌ӘӘ́Ә̃ӚӔ
ҒГ̧Г̑Г̄Г̣Г̌Ҕ
ӺҒ̌ӶԀԂ
Д̆Д̣ԪԬД̆Ӗ
Е̄Е̃Ё̄Є̈ӁҖ
ӜԄҘӞЗ̌З̱З̣
ԐԐ̈ӠԆӢИ̃Ҋ
ӤИ́ҚӃҠҞҜ
ԞК̣ԚӅԮԒԠ
ԈԔӍӉҢԨӇ
ҤԢԊО́О̀О̆О̂
О̃О̄ӦӦ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́
Ө̆ӪҨԤҦР̌Ҏ
ԖҪС̣С̱ԌТ̌Т̣
ҬԎУ̃Ӯ
ӰӰ́ӲҮҮ́ҰХ̣
Х̱Х̮Х̑ҲӼӾҺ
Һ̈ԦҴҶӴ
ӋҸҼҾ
Ы̆Ы̄ӸҌЭ̆Э̄Э̇
ӬӬ́Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̈́Ю̄
Я̆Я̄Я̈ԘԜӀ
Archaic letters
ҀѺ
ѸѠѼѾ
ѢѤѦ
ѪѨѬѮ
ѰѲѴѶ

El with hook (Ԓ ԓ; italics: Ԓ ԓ) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. Its form is derived from the Cyrillic letter El (Л л) by adding a hook to the bottom of the right leg.

El with hook was officially added to the Chukchi alphabet in the late 1980s.[1] The letter was first used in a Chukchi language primer that was published in 1996 (Ԓыгъоравэтԓьэн йиԓыйиԓ), replacing the Cyrillic letter ⟨Л⟩ to reduce confusion with the different pronunciation of the Russian letter of the same form.

El with descender (Ԯ ԯ) is the nineteenth letter of the Itelmen, introduced with the new Cyrillic alphabet during 1984-1988. In some publications El with hook is substituted by El with descender[2].

El with hook has been in use in the Khanty since 1990.[3] El with hook and El with descender are considered variants of the same letter in Khanty, their use depends on the particular publisher.

This letter represents the voiceless alveolar lateral fricative /ɬ/, like the pronunciation of ⟨ll⟩ in the Welsh language.

Computing codes[edit]

Character Ԓ ԓ
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER
EL WITH HOOK
CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER
EL WITH HOOK
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1298 U+0512 1299 U+0513
UTF-8 212 146 D4 92 212 147 D4 93
Numeric character reference Ԓ Ԓ ԓ ԓ

Variant forms[edit]

Original form of the letter, 1980s, Soviet Schoolbook (Shkolnaya) typeface
Two variants of the letter (Noto и GNU FreeFont typefaces)
Two variants of the letter (typefaces in Windows)

The letter has two variant forms: the original one where the hook is like a small comma, and the other where the hook is notably protruded below the baseline.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Burykin, A. A. (2000). Изучение фонетики языков малочисленных народов Севера России и проблемы развития их письменности [Research in phonetics of the North Russian Indigenous Languages and the Problems of Development of Their Writing Systems] (PDF). Язык и речевая деятельность (Language and Speech Activity) (in Russian). СПб. 3: 150–180. ISSN 1560-2974.
  2. ^ Историко-этнографическое учебное пособие по ительменскому языку. Краснодар, 2005.
  3. ^ Koshkareva, N. B. (2013). Актуальные вопросы совершенствования хантыйской графики и орфографии [Topical issues of perfection of the Khanty script and orthography] (PDF). Вестник угроведения (in Russian). Обско-угорский институт прикладных исследований и разработок (3 (14)): 60. ISSN 2220-4156.