Coordinates: 38°15′26″N 40°05′05″E / 38.25722°N 40.08472°E / 38.25722; 40.08472
Map showing Eğil District in Diyarbakır Province
Map showing Eğil District in Diyarbakır Province
Eğil is located in Turkey
Location in Turkey
Coordinates: 38°15′26″N 40°05′05″E / 38.25722°N 40.08472°E / 38.25722; 40.08472
449 km2 (173 sq mi)
 • Density48/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zoneTRT (UTC+3)
Postal code
Area code0412

Eğil (Hittite: 𒅔𒃲𒀀𒉿 Ingalawa, Ottoman Turkish: اکيل,[2] Kurdish: Gêl)[3] is a municipality and district of Diyarbakır Province, Turkey.[4] Its area is 449 km2,[5] and its population is 21,434 (2022).[1] It is populated by Kurds.[3]

The elected mayor Mustafa Akkul of the Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) was dismissed on the 23 March 2020 and replaced by a trustee.[6] The current Kaymakam is Volkan Hür.

Eğil is an ancient city 50 km away from Diyarbakır with many ancient forts and caves dating to the time of the Armenian kingdom of Sophene. It is identified with Carcathiocerta, the capital of the Kingdom of Sophene, and the ancient Armenian religious center of Angegh-tun (Angełtun).[7]e Romans, the Byzantines, the Abbasids, the Seljuks and the Ottoman Empire.

In 2018 parts of a village re-emerged in Eğil in the Çakırören neighbourhood, after the Dicle Dam suffered water level decrease due to a burst of one of the gates.[8] It is also the location of a supposed tomb of Elisha, which is located in the Kale neighborhood of Eğil.[9]


During the Bronze Age, the city was known as Ingalawa by the Hittites.[10] Most scholars identify Eğil with the ancient city of Carcathiocerta.[11] The city, with its strategic location overlooking the west bank of the Tigris, is the oldest in the region,[dubious ] with remains dating back to the Assyrian and Hellenistic periods. Later on, the city was known in Armenian as Angł, capital of the district of Angełtun, which was known as Ingilene in Greco-Roman sources. It was part of the larger province of Sophene. Armenian sources described Angł as housing "the tombs of the former kings of Armenia", apparently taking the rulers of Sophene as a branch of the Armenian kings' dynasty. The rock-cut tombs still exist today at Eğil.[11]


There are 30 neighbourhoods in Eğil District:[12]

Notable people[edit]



  1. ^ a b "Address-based population registration system (ADNKS) results dated 31 December 2022, Favorite Reports" (XLS). TÜİK. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  2. ^ Tahir Sezen, Osmanlı Yer Adları (Alfabetik Sırayla), T.C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü, Yayın Nu 21, Ankara, p. 163.
  3. ^ a b Malmîsanij, Mehemed (1988). Pîro; Baran; Şêxbizinî (eds.). "Bazı yörelerde Dımıli ve Kurmanci lehçelerinin köylere göre dağılımı". Berhem (in Turkish). 2: 17. ISSN 1100-0910.
  4. ^ Büyükşehir İlçe Belediyesi, Turkey Civil Administration Departments Inventory. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  5. ^ "İl ve İlçe Yüz ölçümleri". General Directorate of Mapping. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  6. ^ "HDP's Eğil Co-Mayor Arrested".
  7. ^ Marciak, Michał (2017). Sophene, Gordyene, and Adiabene: Three Regna Minora of Northern Mesopotamia Between East and West. Brill. pp. 43–44. ISBN 9789004350724.
  8. ^ AA, Daily Sabah with (2018-12-20). "Drop in dam water reveals submerged village, Elisha's tomb in SE Turkey's Diyarbakır". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 2020-03-25.
  9. ^ "Ancient Underwater Village Has Been Revealed in Turkey (photos)". armedia.am. Retrieved 2020-03-25.
  10. ^ Russell, James (1997). "The Formation of the Armenian Nation". In Hovannisian, Richard G. (ed.). The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times: Volume I: The Dynastic Periods: From Antiquity to the Fourteenth Century. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 31.
  11. ^ a b Marciak, Michał (2014). "The Historical Geography of Sophene". Acta Antiqua. 52 (4): 295–338. doi:10.1556/aant.52.2012.4.1.
  12. ^ Mahalle, Turkey Civil Administration Departments Inventory. Retrieved 12 July 2023.