Djerv

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Cyrillic letter Djerv
Cyrillic letter Djerv.svg
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
АБВГҐДЂ
ЃЕЀЁЄЖЗ
З́ЅИЍЙІЇ
ЈКЛЉМНЊ
ОŌПРСС́Т
ЋЌУӮЎФХ
ЦЧЏШЩЪЫ
ЬЭЮЯ
Non-Slavic letters
А́А̀ӐА̄А̊А̃Ӓ
Ӓ̄ӔӘӘ́Ә̃ӚВ̌
ҒГ̧Г̑Г̄Г̣Г̌Ҕ
ӺҒ̌ӶԀԂ
Д̆Д̣ԪԬД̆Ӗ
Е̄Е̃Ё̄Є̈ӁҖ
ӜԄҘӞЗ̌З̱З̣
ԐԐ̈ӠԆӢИ̃Ҋ
ӤИ́ҚӃҠҞҜ
ԞК̣ԚӅԮԒԠ
ԈԔӍӉҢԨӇ
ҤԢԊО́О̀О̆О̂
О̃ӦӦ̄ӨӨ̄Ө́Ө̆
ӪҨԤҦР̌ҎԖ
ҪС̣С̱ԌТ̌Т̣
ҬԎУ̃ӰӰ́
ӲҮҮ́ҰХ̣Х̱Х̮
Х̑ҲӼӾҺҺ̈Ԧ
ҴҶӴӋҸ
ҼҾЫ̆Ы̄
ӸҌЭ̆Э̄Э̇ӬӬ́
Ӭ̄Ю̆Ю̈Ю̈́Ю̄Я̆Я̄
Я̈ԘԜӀ
Archaic letters
ҀѺ
ОУѠѼѾ
ѢѤѦ
ѪѨѬѮ
ѰѲѴѶ

Djerv (Majuscule: Ꙉ, Minuscule: ꙉ ) is one of the Cyrillic alphabet letters that was used in Old Cyrillic. It was used in many early Serbo-Croatian monuments to represent the sounds /dʑ/ and /tɕ/ (modern đ/ђ and ć/ћ).[1] It exists in the Cyrillic Extended-B table as U+A648 and U+A649. It is the basis of the modern letters Ћ and Ђ; the former was in fact a direct revival of djerv and was considered the same letter.[1]

Djerv was also commonly used in Bosnian Cyrillic, where it was an officially used letter. When it was combined with the letters н and л it was represented for the sounds /ɲ/ and /ʎ/.

Spelling Reforms and forming of the letters Ћ and Ђ[edit]

The letter Ђ was formed in 1818 by Vuk Stefanović Karadžić after several proposals of reforming Djerv by Lukijan Mušicki and Gligorije Geršić.[2][3][1] However the letter Ћ (also based on djerv) was first used by Dositej Obradović in a direct reform of djerv.[4][5]


Computing codes[edit]

Character information
Preview
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DJERV CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DJERV
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 42568 U+A648 42569 U+A649
UTF-8 234 153 136 EA 99 88 234 153 137 EA 99 89
Numeric character reference Ꙉ Ꙉ ꙉ ꙉ

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Maretić, Tomislav. Gramatika i stilistika hrvatskoga ili srpskoga književnog jezika, p. 14-15. 1899.
  2. ^ Lalević, Miodrag S. (1953). Potsetnik iz srpskohrvatskog jezika i pravopisa: s pravopisnim i jezičkim savetnikom. Rad. p. 75. Облик му је у Вуковој азбуци дао песник Лукијан Мушицки
  3. ^ Петар Ђорђић. Историја српске ћирилице. Београд, 1971.
  4. ^ Maretić, Tomislav. Gramatika i stilistika hrvatskoga ili srpskoga književnog jezika. 1899.
  5. ^ George L Campbell and Christopher Moseley, The Routledge Handbook of Scripts and Alphabets, 2nd ed., Routledge, 2013, ISBN 1135222967, p. 85.