Djerv (Majuscule: Ꙉ, Minuscule: ꙉ ) is one of the Cyrillic alphabet letters that was used in Old Cyrillic. It was used in many early Serbo-Croatian monuments to represent the sounds /dʑ/ and /tɕ/ (modern đ/ђ and ć/ћ). It exists in the Cyrillic Extended-B table as U+A648 and U+A649. It is the basis of the modern letters Ћ and Ђ; the former was in fact a direct revival of djerv and was considered the same letter.
Djerv was also commonly used in Bosnian Cyrillic, where it was an officially used letter. When it was combined with the letters н and л it was represented for the sounds /ɲ/ and /ʎ/.
Spelling Reforms and forming of the letters Ћ and Ђ
The letter Ђ was formed in 1818 by Vuk Stefanović Karadžić after several proposals of reforming Djerv by Lukijan Mušicki and Gligorije Geršić. However the letter Ћ (also based on djerv) was first used by Dositej Obradović in a direct reform of djerv.
|Unicode name||CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DJERV||CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DJERV|
|UTF-8||234 153 136||EA 99 88||234 153 137||EA 99 89|
|Numeric character reference||Ꙉ||Ꙉ||ꙉ||ꙉ|
- Maretić, Tomislav. Gramatika i stilistika hrvatskoga ili srpskoga književnog jezika, p. 14-15. 1899.
- Lalević, Miodrag S. (1953). Potsetnik iz srpskohrvatskog jezika i pravopisa: s pravopisnim i jezičkim savetnikom. Rad. p. 75.
Облик му је у Вуковој азбуци дао песник Лукијан Мушицки
- Петар Ђорђић. Историја српске ћирилице. Београд, 1971.
- Maretić, Tomislav. Gramatika i stilistika hrvatskoga ili srpskoga književnog jezika. 1899.
- George L Campbell and Christopher Moseley, The Routledge Handbook of Scripts and Alphabets, 2nd ed., Routledge, 2013, ISBN 1135222967, p. 85.
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