Dalat, Sarawak

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Dalat
Chinese transcription(s)
 • Simplified拉叻
Aerial view of Dalat town. The river seen here is the Oya river.
Aerial view of Dalat town. The river seen here is the Oya river.
Coat of arms of Dalat
Coat of arms
Official logo of Dalat
Districts of Sarawak
Motto(s): 
Berakar Rumbia, Berinti Budaya[1]
Dalat is located in East Malaysia
Dalat
Dalat
Location of Dalat in Malaysian Borneo
Coordinates: 2°44′20″N 111°56′19″E / 2.73889°N 111.93861°E / 2.73889; 111.93861
District Office locationDalat
Local area governmentMajlis Daerah Dalat dan Mukah (MDDM)
Population
(2010[2])
 • Total619
District OfficerKueh Lei Poh
Postcode96300
Websitehttp://www.mukah-dalatdc.sarawak.gov.my/

Dalat is the administrative town of the Dalat district in Mukah Division, Sarawak, Malaysia. It is situated by the Oya river.

Etymology[edit]

History[edit]

Government[edit]

Dalat is represented at the State Legislative Assembly by Datuk Hajah Fatimah Abdullah @ Ting Sai Ming, from Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu. She won the seat in the 18th State Election 2016 for the fourth time. For Parliament, Dalat district is under Parliament 213: Mukah.

Geography and climate[edit]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2010 National Census, Dalat townland has a population of 619.[3]

Population of Dalat by ethnic group[4]
ethnic group percent
Melanau
50.89%
Chinese
29.72%
Malay
7.75%
Iban
4.68%
Other Bumiputera and others
6.96%

Most of the people use the Melanau language to communicate here. There is a slight difference of the language between each villages, yet they can understand each other very well. Other languages such as Malay, Sarawak Malay, Iban, Mandarin, Hokkien and English are also widely spoken.

Main religions practised in Dalat are Islam, Christianity (Roman Catholic, Methodist and SIB), Buddhism, Malaysian Chinese religion, etc.

Economy[edit]

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Dalat is connected by a single-carriage road to Mukah. There are daily express bus services connecting Dalat and Miri via Bintulu and Mukah.

Air[edit]

The nearest airport is Mukah Airport. The locals however prefer to use either Bintulu Airport or Sibu Airport to fly to Kuala Lumpur particularly.

Water[edit]

River transportation is still very vital in Dalat. There are speed boats connecting Dalat and Sibu with a fee of MYR 25. The journey takes approximately 2 hours.

Other utilities[edit]

Education[edit]

Dalat town has one secondary school which is SMK Dalat. In the town proper, there is only one primary school which is SJK (C) Chin Hua.[5]

In January 2018, Centre Of Technical Excellence Sarawak (CENTEXS) Temporary Campus was officially launched by Dato Sri Fatimah Abdullah offering Textile & Hospitality courses for the first intake. She also announced the plan to build a new CENTEXS campus costing RM 50 million will be built near Dalat Welfare Complex. [6]

Healthcare[edit]

Hospital Dalat Phase 1

The town is served by an eight-bedded public hospital, Dalat Hospital. [7] Despite having the least number of beds among 22 public hospitals in Sarawak, it is equipped with facilities such as X-ray laboratory and a dialysis centre.

Since there is a good system of transportation, any needs which Dalat Hospital could not handle would be referred to Mukah Hospital or even Sibu Hospital. [7]

Others[edit]

Dalat town also has a post office, district office, a hospital, a stadium (Stadium Perpaduan Dalat), a few blocks of shop-houses, a Catholic church (St. Bernard Church), a Methodist Church, a Chinese temple (age more than a century) and a district mosque. A Senior Citizens’ Activity Centre (PAWE) was established by the Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development in Dalat with 439 registered members.[8] In June 2017, a voluntary fire station was launched. The fire station is an interim measure to respond swiftly to fires as the nearest facility is in Mukah, some 40 minutes’ drive away.[9]

There is only one bank in Dalat which is a branch of RHB Bank.

Culture and leisure[edit]

The waterfront by the Oya river as seen in December 2010

The people here particularly the Melanaus are still practising their culture. The Melanaus are famous for their traditional food such as umai, sago worms and the sago pearls. Also, there is a carnival named Karnival Balau (Balau is the Sago palm in Melanau language) which is held annually, and also a regatta, held few years once. Some major celebrations here are Christmas, Hari Raya Aidilfitri, Chinese New Year and the Kaul Festival. The Kaul Festival is celebrated on different dates for different villages.

Associations/Clubs[edit]

  • For melanau community at Dalat they can participate on Dalat Melanau Association which is registered on 9 September 2010 under association act 1966-33 with ROS PPM-002-13-09092010.[10] The association encouraging melanau at Dalat district to be more pro active and while helping to promote progress for local melanau people. They also serve to protect Melanau Dalat heritage and cultural.
  • For photography enthusiast the can joint Dalat Photography Club. A well known Freelance Photographer Naising Bega who is famous for his artwork were co-founder of this club and he also one of the instructor in this club.[11] The club registered on 6 November 2012 with ROS PPM014-13-06112012.[12] The club initially known as Melanau Dalat Photography Club which made it early present on Pesta Bersaug Dalat on October 2010. It later renamed to Dalat Photography Club to encourage more people enter the club.[13] The Patron of the club is Dalat state assembly woman Datuk Hajah Fatimah Abdullah @ Ting Sai Ming[14].

Literature[edit]

  • Heidi Munan's short story 'How Dalat Got Its Name' is published in the book Melanau stories(2005) Utusan Publications.[citation needed] The short story was included in the Malaysian lower secondary school English literature curriculum from 2000 to 2009.[15][16]
  • The Kut Canal and Medong Village are also featured in the book Melanau stories(2005), in 'The Story of Kut Canal'.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dalat waiting to be explored by culture, history buffs". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  2. ^ "Laporan Kiraan Permulaan 2010". Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. p. 27. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
  3. ^ "Laporan Kiraan Permulaan 2010". Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. p. 35. Archived from the original on 8 July 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
  4. ^ "Visi, Misi dan Latar Belakang" (in Malay). Pejabat Daerah Dalat. Retrieved 2 August 2013.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Daerah Dalat". Federation of Malaysian Consumers Associations. Archived from the original on 8 August 2016. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
  6. ^ "CENTEXS hanya terima pelajar bebas dadah" (in Malay). Utusan Borneo. 29 January 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Eight is enough beds for Dalat Hospital". The Borneo Post. 6 September 2013. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
  8. ^ "Fatimah: Senior Citizens deserve to live happy and prosperous lives". New Sarawak Tribune. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
  9. ^ "Voluntary fire station in Dalat ready for operation". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
  10. ^ "Persatuan Melanau Dalat Sarawak". Retrieved 2015-10-17.
  11. ^ "NainetPhotomania Blog". NainetPhotomania Blog. Retrieved 2015-10-17.
  12. ^ "Dalat Photography Club ( Kelab Fotografi Dalat )". mysociety.my. Retrieved 2015-10-17.
  13. ^ "Dalat Photography Club - DPC". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 2015-10-17.
  14. ^ "Dalat Photography Club turns 3 | New Sarawak Tribune". www.newsarawaktribune.com. Retrieved 2015-10-17.
  15. ^ Gilbert, Perrieire; Jana, Maya; Renee, Allen; Wong, Chee Fui; Wong, Ming Yook (2007). PMR English - Complete Text and Guide - Integrated Curriculum for secondary schools. Shah Alam, Malaysia: Arah Pendidikan Sdn Bhd. p. 250. ISBN 9789833717088. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
  16. ^ Chew, Fong Peng; Tan, Li Chin (30 June 2011). "International Conference - International Education:Focus on the Learner - Malaysia Ministry of Education's Selection of Poems for the Form Four and Form Five New Literature Component" (PDF): 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 August 2015. Retrieved 30 August 2015.