Crown Colony of North Borneo
Crown Colony of North Borneo
|Common languages||English, Kadazan Dusun, Bajau, Murut, Sabah Malay, Chinese etc.|
|Historical era||New Imperialism|
• North Borneo ceded to the Crown Colony
|15 July 1946|
|16 October 1947|
|31 August 1963|
|16 September 1963|
|Currency||North Borneo dollar, later Malaya and British Borneo dollar|
|Today part of|| Malaysia|
The Crown Colony of North Borneo was a British Crown colony on the island of Borneo established in 1946 shortly after the dissolution of the British Military Administration. The Crown Colony of Labuan joined the new Crown Colony during its formation. It was succeeded as the state of Sabah through the formation of the Federation of Malaysia on 16 September 1963.
Cession of remaining islands
On 16 October 1947, seven of the British-controlled islands in north-eastern Borneo named Turtle Islands together with Cagayan de Sulu and Mangsee Islands were ceded to the Philippine government under a past treaty signed between the United Kingdom and the United States. The islands now form a part of the Southwestern Tagalog Region (MIMAROPA) and Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM).
The Governor of the Crown Colony of North Borneo (Malay: Tuan Yang Terutama Gabenor Koloni Mahkota British Borneo Utara) is the position created by the British Government upon the cession of North Borneo from the North Borneo Chartered Company. The appointment was made by King George VI, and later Queen Elizabeth II until the self-government of North Borneo on 31 August 1963 and the forming of the Federation of Malaysia on 16 September 1963. After the formation of Malaysia, the title was changed to 'Tuan Yang Terutama Yang di-Pertua Negeri Sabah', which also means 'His Excellency The Governor of Sabah', or 'His Excellency The Head of State of Sabah' and the appointment was later made by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong or King of Malaysia.
List of Governors of the Crown Colony of North Borneo
|Governor of British Crown Colony of North Borneo|
|Appointer||King George VI|
succeeded in 1952 by Queen Elizabeth II
|Inaugural holder||Edward Francis Twining|
|Final holder||William Goode|
|Abolished||16 September 1963 (Formed the Federation of Malaysia)|
|Edward Francis Twining||1946||1949|
|Herbert Ralph Hone||1950||1954|
|Roland Evelyn Turnbull||1954||1959|
|William Allmond Codrington Goode||1959||1963|
- Anthony Kirk-Greene (12 June 1999). On Crown Service: A History of HM Colonial and Overseas Civil Services, 1837-1997. I.B.Tauris. pp. 183–. ISBN 978-1-86064-260-9.
- "The National Archives DO 169/254 (Constitutional issues in respect of North Borneo and Sarawak on joining the federation)". The National Archives. 1961–1963. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- Philip Mathews (28 February 2014). Chronicle of Malaysia: Fifty Years of Headline News, 1963-2013. Editions Didier Millet. pp. 15–. ISBN 978-967-10617-4-9.
- "British North Borneo Becomes Crown Colony". Trove. 18 July 1946. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- Charles P. Williamson (30 July 1929). "Treaty over Turtle Islands". The Telegraph. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
- Peter C. Richards (6 December 1947). "New Flag Over Pacific Paradise". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
- Frans Welman. Borneo Trilogy Volume 1: Sabah. Booksmango. pp. 159–. ISBN 978-616-245-078-5.
- British North Borneo Becomes Crown Colony
- History (archive) Sabah State Archives – Chief Minister's Department