Coast Miwok language

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Coast Miwok
Native toUnited States
EthnicityCoast Miwok
Extinctca. 1970.
Language codes
ISO 639-3csi

Coast Miwok was one of the Miwok languages spoken in California, from San Francisco Bay to Bodega Bay.[2] The Marin and Bodega varieties may have been separate languages. All of the population has shifted to English.


According to Catherine A. Callaghan's Bodega Miwok Dictionary, nouns have the following cases, expressed with suffixes: present subjective, possessive, allative, locative, ablative, instrumental, and comitative. Sentences are most commonly subject-verb-object, but Callaghan says that "syntax is relatively free."


The following is the Bodega dialect:

Labial Dental Alveolar Post-
Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop plain p t k ʔ '
voiced (b) (d) (ɡ)
Affricate c
Nasal m n
Fricative (f) s ʃ h
Tap (ɾ) r
Approximant w l j y

Phonemes in parentheses are introduced from Spanish loan words. Allophones of introduced sounds, /b ɡ/ include /β ɣ/.[3]

Front Central Back
Close i u
Mid e o
Open a


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Coast Miwok". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Coast Miwok at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. ^ Callaghan, Catherine A. (1970). Bodega Miwok Dictionary. University of California Press.
  • Callaghan, Catherine A. 1970. Bodega Miwok Dictionary. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Coast Miwok Indians. "Rodriguez-Nieto Guide" Sound Recordings (California Indian Library Collections), LA006. Berkeley: California Indian Library Collections, 1993. "Sound recordings reproduced from the Language Archive sound recordings at the Language Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley".
  • Keeling, Richard. "Ethnographic Field Recordings at Lowie Museum of Anthropology," 1985. Robert H. Lowie Museum of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley. v. 2. North-Central California: Pomo, Wintun, Nomlaki, Patwin, Coast Miwok, and Lake Miwok Indians

External links[edit]