Citron-crested cockatoo

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Citron-crested cockatoo
Citron-crested Cockatoo.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cacatuidae
Genus: Cacatua
C. s. citrinocristata
Trinomial name
Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata
Fraser, 1844

The citron-crested cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata) is a medium-sized cockatoo with an orange crest, dark grey beak, pale orange ear patches, and strong feet and claws. The underside of the larger wing and tail feathers have a pale yellow color. The eyelid color is a very light blue. Both sexes are similar. Females have a coppered colored eye where as the male has a very dark black eye.

The smallest of the yellow-crested cockatoo subspecies, it is endemic to Sumba in the Lesser Sumba Islands in Indonesia. The diet consists mainly of seeds, buds, fruits, nuts and herbaceous plants.

Conservation status[edit]

Chick at Děčín Zoo, Czech Republic

The citron-crested cockatoo is a critically endangered bird whose population has declined due to habitat loss and illegal trapping for the cage-bird trade. A 1993 survey of Sumba estimated the species' numbers at less than 2,000 individuals.[1] As of 2012, there were estimated to be 562.[2] Together with the other subspecies of the yellow-crested cockatoo, it is listed in appendix I of the CITES list.[3] Consequently, international trade is strongly regulated and trade in wild caught citron-crested cockatoos is illegal.


  1. ^ Cahill, A. J.; Walker, J. S. & Marsden, S. J. "Recovery within a population of the Critically Endangered citron-crested cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea citrinocristata in Indonesia after 10 years of international trade control" (PDF).
  2. ^ International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Geographic Range
  3. ^ CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA, Thirteenth Meeting of the Conferences of the Parties Bangkok, Thailand, 3 to 14 October 2004.

External links[edit]