Chalmers University of Technology

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Chalmers University of Technology
Chalmers tekniska högskola
Formal Seal of Chalmers tekniska högskola, Göteborg, Västra Götalands län, Sverige.svg
MottoAvancez (French)
Motto in English
Advance
TypePrivate
Technical
Established1829
PresidentStefan Bengtsson
Administrative staff
2,500
Students11,000 (FTE, 2010)[1]
1,000
Location,
CampusUrban
AffiliationsIDEA, EUA, CESAER, Mirai, Nordic Five Tech, UNITECH
Websitewww.chalmers.se/en
Chalmers wordmark.svg

Chalmers University of Technology (Swedish: Chalmers tekniska högskola, often shortened to Chalmers) is a Swedish university located in Gothenburg that focuses on research and education in technology, natural science, architecture, maritime and other management areas.[2]

History[edit]

The university was founded in 1829 following a donation by William Chalmers, a director of the Swedish East India Company. He donated part of his fortune for the establishment of an "industrial school". Chalmers was run as a private institution until 1937, when the institute became a state-owned university. In 1994, the school was incorporated as an aktiebolag under the control of the Swedish Government, the faculty and the Student Union. Chalmers is one of only three universities in Sweden which are named after a person, the other two being Karolinska Institutet and Linnaeus University.

Departments[edit]

Beginning 1 May 2017, Chalmers has 13 departments.[3]

  • Architecture and Civil Engineering
  • Biology and Biological Engineering
  • Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
  • Communication and Learning in Science
  • Computer Science and Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Industrial and Materials Science
  • Mathematical Sciences
  • Mechanics and Maritime Sciences
  • Microtechnology and Nanoscience
  • Physics
  • Space, Earth and Environment
  • Technology Management and Economics

Furthermore, Chalmers is home to eight Areas of Advance and six national competence centers in key fields such as materials, mathematical modelling, environmental science, and vehicle safety.

Research infrastructure[edit]

Chalmers University of Technology's research infrastructure includes everything from advanced real or virtual labs to large databases, computer capacity for large-scale calculations and research facilities.

  • Chalmers Centre for Computational Science and Engineering, C3SE
  • Chalmers Mass Spectrometry Infrastructure, CMSI
  • Chalmers Power Central
  • Chalmers Materials Analysis Laboratory
  • Chalmers Simulator Centre
  • Chemical Imaging Infrastructure
  • Facility for Computational Systems Biology
  • HSB Living Lab
  • Nanofabrication Laboratory
  • Onsala Space Observatory
  • Revere – Chalmers Resource for Vehicle Research
  • The National laboratory in terahertz characterisation

Students[edit]

Approximately 40% of Sweden's graduate engineers and architects are educated at Chalmers. Each year, around 250 post graduate degrees are awarded as well as 850 graduate degrees. About 1,000 post-graduate students attend programmes at the university, and many students are taking Master of Science engineering programmes and the Master of Architecture programme. Since 2007, all master's programmes are taught in English for both national and international students. This was a result of the adaptation to the Bologna process that started in 2004 at Chalmers (as the first technical university in Sweden).

Currently, about 10% of all students at Chalmers come from countries outside Sweden to enroll in a master's or PhD program.

Around 2,700 students also attend Bachelor of Science engineering programmes, merchant marine and other undergraduate courses at Campus Lindholmen. Chalmers also shares some students with Gothenburg University in the joint IT University project. The IT University focuses exclusively on information technology and offers bachelor's and master's programmes with degrees issued from either Chalmers or Gothenburg University, depending on the programme.

Chalmers confers honorary doctoral degrees to people outside the university who have shown great merit in their research or in society.

Organization[edit]

Chalmers is an aktiebolag with 100 shares à 1,000 SEK,[4] all of which are owned by the Chalmers University of Technology Foundation, a private foundation, which appoints the university board and the president. The foundation has its members appointed by the Swedish government (4 to 8 seats), the departments appoints one member, the student union appoints one member and the president automatically gains one chair.[5] Each department is led by a department head, usually a member of the faculty of that department. The faculty senate represents members of the faculty when decisions are taken.

Campuses[edit]

the gate of Chalmers (Gibraltar Campus)

In 1937, the school moved from the city center to the new Gibraltar Campus, named after the mansion which owned the grounds, where it is now located. The Lindholmen College Campus was created in the early 1990s and is located on the island Hisingen. Campus Johanneberg and Campus Lindholmen, as they are now called, are connected by bus lines.

Student societies and traditions[edit]

Traditions include the graduation ceremony and the Cortège procession, an annual public event.

  • Chalmers Students' Union
  • Chalmers Aerospace Club – founded in 1981. In Swedish frequently also referred to as Chalmers rymdgrupp (roughly Chalmers Space Group). Members of CAC led the ESA funded CACTEX (Chalmers Aerospace Club Thermal EXperiment) project where the thermal conductivity of alcohol at zero gravity was investigated using a sounding rocket.
  • Chalmers Alternative Sports – Student association organizing trips and other activities working to promote alternative sports. Every year the Chalmers Wake arranges a pond wakeboard contest in the fountain outside the architecture building at Chalmers.
  • Chalmersbaletten
  • Chalmers Ballong Corps
  • Chalmers Baroque Ensemble
  • Chalmers Business Society (CBS)
  • CETAC
  • Chalmers Choir
  • Chalmers Film and Photography Committee (CFFC)
  • Chalmersspexet – Amateur theater group which has produced new plays since 1948
  • Chalmers International Reception Committee (CIRC)
  • XP – Committee that is responsible for the experimental workshop, a workshop open for students
  • Chalmers Program Committee – PU
  • Chalmers Students for Sustainability (CSS) – promoting sustainable development among the students and runs projects, campaigns and lectures
  • Föreningen Chalmers Skeppsbyggare, Chalmers Naval Architecture Students' Society (FCS)
  • Chalmers Sailing Society
  • RANG – Chalmers Indian Association
  • Caster – Developing and operating a Driver in the Loop (DIL) simulator, which is used in various courses and projects

Ties and partnerships[edit]

Chalmers has partnerships with major industries mostly in the Gothenburg region such as Ericsson, Volvo, and SKF. The University has general exchange agreements with many European and U.S. universities and maintains a special exchange program agreement with National Chiao Tung University (NCTU) in Taiwan where the exchange students from the two universities maintains offices for, among other things, helping local students with applying and preparing for an exchange year as well as acting as representatives. It contributes also to the Top Industrial Managers for Europe (TIME) network.

A close collaboration between the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at Chalmers and ICVR at ETH Zurich is being established. As of 2014, Chalmers University of Technology is a member of the IDEA League network.[6]

Rankings and reputation[edit]

University rankings
Global
ARWU World[7] 301-400 (2019)
THE World[9] 251–300 (2020)
USNWR World[10] 361 (2019)
QS World[8] 125 (2020)

Since 2012, Chalmers has been achieved the highest reputation for Swedish Universities by the Kantar Sifo's Reputation Index. According to the survey, Chalmers is the most well-known university in Sweden regarded as a successful and competitive high-class institution with large contribution in society and credibility in media.[11]

In 2018, a benchmarking report from MIT ranked Chalmers top 10 in the world of engineering education.[12][13] In 2019, the QS World University Rankings, placed Chalmers 93rd in the world in the field of engineering & technology and 86th in the world in graduate employability.[8]

In 2020, the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, ranked Chalmers 71st in the world for engineering & technology,[9] while, in 2018, the Academic Ranking of World Universities, placed Chalmers 51-75 in the world in the field of electrical & electronic engineering and 33rd in the world for telecommunication engineering.[7]

In the 2011 International Professional Ranking of Higher Education Institutions, which is established on the basis of the number of alumni holding a post of Chief Executive Officer (CEO) or equivalent in one of the Fortune Global 500 companies, Chalmers University of Technology ranked 38th in the world, ranking 1st in Sweden and 15th in Europe.[14]

Notable alumni[edit]

Presidents[edit]

Although the official Swedish title for the head is "rektor", the university now uses "President" as the English translation.

1829–1852 Carl Palmstedt
1852–1881 Eduard von Schoultz
1881–1913 August Wijkander
1913–1933 Hugo Grauers
1934–1943 Sven Hultin
1943–1958 Gustav Hössjer
1958–1966 Lennart Rönnmark
1966–1974 Nils Gralén
1974–1989 Sven Olving
1989–1998 Anders Sjöberg
1998–2006 Jan-Eric Sundgren
2006–2015 Karin Markides
2015– Stefan Bengtsson

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Facts and figures (English) Archived 23 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Chalmers.se. Retrieved on 9 August 2011.
  2. ^ "Chalmers University of Technology - Maritime & Supply Chain Management Education". www.edumaritime.net.
  3. ^ "New organisation from 1 May". www.chalmers.se. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  4. ^ Statutes of Chalmers University of Technology Foundation, paragraph 3 (this is a translation of the swedish text Archived 6 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine.) Chalmers University of Technology
  5. ^ Statues of Chalmers University of Technology Foundation, paragraph 5 Archived 14 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Chalmers University of Technology. Retrieved on 9 August 2011.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 9 February 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ a b Academic Ranking of World Universities 2019
  8. ^ a b [1]
  9. ^ a b "World University Rankings 2020".
  10. ^ "U.S. News Education: Best Global Universities 2019".
  11. ^ "Rankings | Chalmers". www.chalmers.se. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  12. ^ "The Global State of the Art in Engineering Education". MIT J-WEL. 30 March 2018. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  13. ^ "Chalmers "a beacon for interdisciplinary education"". www.chalmers.se. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  14. ^ "International Professional Ranking of Higher Education Institutions". Archived from the original on 22 January 2009.
  15. ^ FAQ & Biography Archived 6 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved Oct. 16, 2014
  16. ^ Corey Charlton (10 September 2014). "Landscapes that are out of this world: Artist creates fantastically surreal vistas". The Daily Mail. Retrieved 16 October 2014. ...A photographer ... incredibly surreal images using a combination of raw materials, original photography and Adobe Photoshop alterations. Erik Johansson, originally from Sweden, ....

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 57°41′18″N 11°58′36″E / 57.68833°N 11.97667°E / 57.68833; 11.97667