Cannabis rights

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World laws on possession of small amounts of cannabis for personal use.
  Partially or essentially legal, some rights protected
  Illegal but decriminalized, unprotected rights
  Illegal but often unenforced, unprotected or no rights
  Illegal, no rights

Cannabis rights or marijuana rights are individual civil and human rights that vary by jurisdiction considerably.[1][2] The rights of people who consume cannabis include the right to be free from employment discrimination and housing discrimination.[3][4][5]

Anti-cannabis laws include civil infractions and fines, imprisonment, and even the death penalty.[6]


Until the twentieth century, anyone could grow and consume cannabis.[7] By the mid twentieth century, possession of marijuana was a crime in every U.S. state and most countries. In 1996, the passing of Proposition 215 by California voters restored limited rights for medical cannabis patients in the state. Other states and countries have since then joined California in guarding rights of cannabis consumers.[8]

In the United States, much is unclear about cannabis rights because despite state laws, cannabis remains illegal for all purposes, at the federal level, and consequently cannabis consumers do not belong to a protected class. Courts will address the issues surrounding housing and employment law, and disability discrimination.[3][4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Membis, Liane (July 7, 2010). "Legalizing marijuana is civil rights issue, California NAACP says". CNN.
  2. ^ Rafferty, Andrew (April 20, 2017). "Pot Advocates Worry Marijuana Protections Are Burning Down Under Trump". NBC News.
  3. ^ a b Liquori, Francesca (February 18, 2016). "The Effects of Marijuana Legalization on Employment Law". National Association of Attorneys General.
  4. ^ a b Nikolewski, Rob (November 24, 2016). "Can your landlord 'just say no' to marijuana now that Prop 64 passed?". The San Diego Union-Tribune.
  5. ^ Edwards Staggs, Brooke (February 15, 2017). "Coalition aims to protect cannabis consumers from random drug tests at work". The Cannifornian.
  6. ^ Meehan, Maureen (January 26, 2017). "Man Given Death Sentence for Selling Weed". High Times.
  7. ^ Gatenio Gabel, Shirley (2016). "A Rights-Based Approach to Social Policy Analysis: Evil or Miracle Drug? Who Decides and How?". Springer Publishing.
  8. ^ Clark Davis, Joshua (November 6, 2014). "The Long Marijuana-Rights Movement". The Huffington Post.


Further reading[edit]