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Bianhu (Chinese: 編戶齊民; pinyin: biān hù qí mín) was a system of household registration introduced following the Qin unification in 221 BC. The system transformed individual households into a category labelled the "common people listed in the household register".[1][2][3]


  1. ^ Marc S. Abramson (2008), Ethnic Identity in Tang China, University of Pennsylvania Press, p. 126, ISBN 978-0-8122-0101-7
  2. ^ Du, Zhengsheng. (1990). Bian hu qi min: chuan tong zheng zhi she hui jie gou zhi xing cheng. Tai bei shi: Lian jing. (編戶齊民 : 傳統政治社會結構之形成 / 杜正勝著) (The Appearance of the "Registration of Commoner Households" and Its Historical Significance: A Study of the Registration of Commoner Households/Common People Listed in the Household Register: the Formation of the Traditional Political Society)
  3. ^ Xu, Ting. (2010). The End of the Urban-Rural Divide? Emerging Quasi-Commons in Rural China. Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie. 96 (4): 557.